在大学英语六级考试中,阅读理解占比大且对于其他题目来说也易得分,所以从阅读理解着手是最快捷的提高分数的方式:

  筑稳基础,重视词汇不常用的含义

  英语六级考查词汇不是像高考一样直接出现词汇或语法的单项选择题,而是把词汇放到阅读理解当中去考查,这样一来,考查的难度就增加了,考生单认识这个单词还不足以理解整篇文章。英语四六级考试的大纲词汇数量还是比较多的,考生如果没有完全掌握这些大纲词汇,那么考试的时候在阅读部分势必要感到很吃力,但是,通常考生把大纲词汇过滤一遍以后心里都会有一个大概的印象,可是考试的时候再遇到这些单词,按它们常用的词义来翻译似乎又是解释不通的,之所以会这样是因为许多常用词在特定文章语境中使用的可能是我们并不常见的含义,如果考生在复习词汇时没有注意这些不常用含义,在考试时遇到了就很容易造成理解错误而选错答案。

  合理培养做题习惯,避免浪费时间

  英语六级考试时,很多考生都会觉得时间紧迫,一不小心就答不完题,这其中很大一部分原因是在我们自身的,比如,有些考生在阅读时喜欢逐字逐句的翻译,这样虽然准确度较高,但是会浪费大量时间,最终导致考生得不偿失;还有一些考生在阅读时碰到一时不理解的句子就容易反复琢磨,重复阅读,其实这样并没有必要,一句话理解不清楚不会影响我们对整个文章的理解,做阅读只要抓住文章主要内容和每一题对应的文中关键句的含义就足够了。

  扩展知识面,了解热点信息

  近几年各种各样的考试都越来越喜欢紧跟时政,考查书本以外的很多知识,英语六级也不例外。在近几年的英语四六级考试中就曾出现过节约能源、经济危机、社交网站等紧跟时政热点的话题。所以这就要求我们的考生在复习时目光不能仅仅集中在英语练习题上,还要额外了解一点社会方方面面的知识,扩展自己的知识面才能更加轻松应对一路改革的英语六级。

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      1.Which of the following statements is INCORRECT?
  [A]Cellphone service is popular among people.
  [B]Cellphone has much use in office.
  [C]Fake foiling is a new cellphone service.
  [D]Fake foning is a new discovery.

  2.What is fake foning?
  [A]A strategy to avoid people.
  [B]A device newly produced.
  [C]A service provided everywhere.
  [D]A skill of communication.

  3.In the author’s opinion,in order to make fake foning look real one has to_____.
  [A]talk about interesting matters
  [B]behave politely to people passing by
  [C]hold the phone while walking
  [D]appear absorbed in conversation

  5.After his phone suddenly began ringing the author_______.
  [A]immediately started talking to the caller
  [B]immediately started talking to his colleague
  [C]putt he phone away and stopped talking
  [D]continued with his fake conversation

  4.what does the last example show?
  [A]One effective way is to fake fone one’s doctor.
  [B]One has to be careful while fake foning.
  [C]Fake foning may not deceive people.
  [D]Fake foning is always quite successful.
【答案见下页】
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  1. In ancient Greece, the Olympic Games__________
  [A] were merely national athletic festivals
  [B] were in the nature of a national event with a strong religious color
  [C] had rules which put foreign participants in a disadvantageous position
  [D] were primarily national events with few foreign participants
  2. The order of athletic events at the ancient Olympics__________
  [A] was not definitely established
  [B] varied according to the number of foreign competitors
  [C] was decided by Zeus, in whose honor the Games were held
  [D] was considered unimportant
  3. In the early days of ancient Olympic Games, __________
  [A] only male Greek athletes were allowed to participate in the games
  [B] all Greeks, irrespective of sex, religion or social status, were allowed to take part
  [C] all Greeks, with the exception of women, were allowed to compete in Games
  [D] all male Greeks were qualified to compete in the Games

  4. Modem athletes’ results cannot be compared with those of ancient runners because __________
  [A] the Greeks had no means of recording the results
  [B] details such as the time were not recorded in the past
  [C] they are much better
  [D] they are much worse
  5. Nowadays, the athletes’ expenses are paid __________
  [A] out of the prize money of the winners
  [B] out of the funds raised by the competing nations
  [C] by the athletes them selves
  [D] by contributions
【答案见下页】
2012年6月英语六级阅读理解技巧之PPT

  PPT—— Perseverance, Practice and Technique原理其实涵盖了我们平时面对一件事情或问题时所应有的正确态度和解决方法。所谓人生,就是在不断克服一道道必经之坎而获得超越,很多作 家学者都曾经用自己的方式告诉和鼓励过我们。就像爱尔兰诗人叶芝说的,你的幸福是取决于你选择了多大的困难。六级考试是我们学习中遇到的一道不足为奇的障 碍,而阅读理解就更显得微小。因此,我想我们每一个人都应该鼓足勇气,坚定信念,通过不断的尝试,而后发掘规律,灵活运用,这样我们就能很好的应对六级, 特别是六级的阅读理解。最后用一句经典给大家带去些许祝福:A person with persistence will succeed over a person with more talent, more education or more money. (敢于坚持之人胜于那些比自己聪明,博学,富有的人。)

  P (Perseverance)

  王老先生认为,做学问成大事业者,首先要有执着的追求,充满信心,明确目标与方向。六级阅读理解考试有三大难点:生词多,句子长,含义深。很多同学看到 生词长句就发怵,就别说理解文章深层的内涵了。众所周知,自信是通往成功的桥梁,坚持才能达到胜利的彼岸。如果一拿到阅读理解,就被映入眼帘的生词长句吓 倒,再也没有信心和勇气继续下去,其实是自己放弃了成功的希望。六级阅读虽然生词长句多,但其实都是在简单句的基础上逐步堆积难词和词组构成的。因此在看 到这些难句或生词时,要充满自信的找出那些熟悉的单词,了解句子的整体含义,这是最主要的,而不是去搜索记忆,发掘每一个生词的含义。
  e.g. The destruction of our natural resources and contamination of our food supply continue to occur, largely because of the extreme difficulty in affixing legal responsibility on those who continue to treat our environment with reckless abandon. (CET6:1999)
  这句话中我们至少可以找出 “destruction, natural resources, because of, difficulty, legal, treat our environment”这些单词是我们所熟悉的,这样我们就能简单拼接句子的整体含义,大概是:自然资源的破坏是因为难以对那些对环境……的人实施法 律……。
  同时六级阅读理解的文章脉络符合西方人的写作思维,因此在阅读中考生还可以根据文章的组织结构来猜测全文的含义。文章和段落在 长度上有明显不同,但是在结构上是非常相似的。段落通常由一个主题句引出,接着是一系列说明主题句的细节,最后是结尾句。同样,文章是由首段、主体段和结 论段三部分组成。引言段揭示主题,正文部分对主题分点阐述,结论段对全文归纳总结。而这系列的结构模式都可以帮助我们更好的理解全篇文章。由此可见,其实 六级阅读理解的首要任务就是排除恐惧心理,树立信心,坚持到底,“独上高楼,望尽天涯路”。

  P (Practice)

  王老的两句“衣带渐宽终不悔,为伊消得人憔悴”则别有用心,用以比喻成大事业、大学问者,必须坚定不移,经过一番辛勤劳动,废寝忘食。英语中也有一句最 为经典的话就是“Practice makes perfect(熟能生巧).”任何一件事情的成功都是建立在无数次的努力和试验基础之上的,相信我不用列举那些功成名就的科学家,数学家等他们是通过多 少次的失败之后才获得的点滴成功。阅读理解同样需要很多的练习,才能形成强烈的语感、文感和手感,即语言感觉、文体感觉和解题感觉。所以那种所谓的技巧万 能论等都是片面的,没有基本的练习,没有对过去历年的真题的研读剖析,再多的方法和技巧都是枉然。

  T (Technique)

  在前面的两大境界基础上,要想做学问、成大事业者,还要达到第三境界,必须有专注的精神,反复追寻、研究,自然会豁然贯通,有所发现。也就是说,在六级阅读理解中,有了自信坚持,有了大量的练习,再结合各类文章之间的相通性(技巧),那样就能事半功倍了。
  阅读理解通常分成五种大题型:主旨题、细节题、猜词题、推论题和作者观点态度题。将五种题型的基本解题方法,破解思路不断在练习中运用,才能发挥作用。
  1.主旨题包括三种题型:中心思想,最佳标题,写作目的。常见的出题模式为 What's the main idea of this passage? What is the purpose of ……? The best title / the most appropriate title is ……? 虽然题型不同,但解题思路是一致的,方法也是相通的,通常可以采用“重要句解题法”(首段首句、末段末句、二段一句、各段首末句)、“段落大意相加法”、 “题干推论法”等。需要注意的是主旨题的设题位置往往是第一题或最后一题 ,而且选项答案通常比较抽象。
  2.细节题承载了考试的主要考题,主要考查考生的细致与敏感。主要通过题干关键词的定位寻找文章的对应出题点,然后比较选项得出答案。
  3. 推论题的常见模式是What can you infer from this passage? 或What does this passage imply? 推论题的答案往往不是原文某句话的照搬与照抄,而是原文某句话的同义改写或某几句话的总结与归纳,与原文一模一样的答案不能入选。因此了解句子的基本意 思,挖掘潜在内涵就是解题的关键,至于句子基本意思的理解在第一个境界中已经阐述。
  4.猜词题包括词汇理解,句子理解和指代理解三种形 式.这种题型并不是考查考生的单词量,而是培养考生能够利用句子之间的关系以及上下文的联系推测某个词、句、代词的含义。通常解题利用代入法,参考“词 性、 用法、褒贬色彩”三“一致原则”,而往往不选该单词最基本的意思,深刻或抽象意思才可能是答案。
  5. 作者观点态度题相对比较简单,通常作者的态度和观点都会在文章的开头或结尾呈现,当然不能完全排除作者在通篇文中有观点转换的可能,一般来说考生掌握常见 的观点态度词就行,例如:objective, optimistic, impersonal, neutral, positive等。
  以上只是简单概述了英语阅读中的常见题型及解题的基本方法,在做题时很多时候需要考生灵活运用,因为有可能会集中题型组合式考查,也就是并不是每个题目只考查一种题型,有可能是将集中题型叠加。但是只要配合大量的练习,相信很短时间内就能灵活运用。


2012年6月英语六级阅读理解训练(4)

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    1. Consumers had better choose a provider of a credit card with __________
  [A] the promise of giving their money back on their purchases
  [B] the rewards in the form of a check
  [C] a reasonable rate and reward for using their card
  [D] the chance of giving their money back in a short time
  2. If you do not pay your card off every month, __________
  [A]your rewards cards are free money
  [B] you have to pay an annual fee
  [C] your reward is outweighed by interest
  [D] no companies pay rewards
  3. If you often travel on business, __________
  [A] you’d better consider taking a cap with you
  [B] many rewards cards will not limit to you
  [C] you will never come close to the limitation
  [D] you’d better choose a higher limitation card
  4. what does the author imply by saying "rewards cards can be a useful option for the savvy consumer"?
  [A] Reward cards are helpful when people know them totally well.
  [B] Reward cards are useful only when people purchase with them.
  [C] The value of the card will vanish from month to month in a short time.
  [D] Rewards cards will serve people with comfort and convenience.
  5. To avoid losing any points, __________.
  [A] you have to purchase a car five years later
  [B] you’d better purchase in the accumulating limitation
  [C] you’d better select a card covering years 1 and 2
  [D] you have to waste the two years points
【答案见下页】
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