Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a letter.

  Suppose you are Zhang Ying. Write a letter to Xiao Wang, a schoolmate of yours who is going to visit you during the week-long holiday. You should write at least 120 words according to the suggestions given below in Chinese.

  1. 表示欢迎
  2. 提出过度假安排的建议
  3. 提醒应注意的事项
  A Letter to a Schoolmate
  June 23,2001
  Dear Xiao Wang
  Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic:
  A Letter to the University President about the Canteen Service on Campus. You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the outline given in Chinese below:
  假设你是李明,请你就本校食堂的状况给校长写一封信,内容应涉及食堂的饭菜质量、价格、环境、服务等,可以是表扬,可以是批评建议,也可以兼而有之。
  January 12th, 2002
  Dear Mr. President,
  Li Ming
  信内格式
  日期Date (Aug 5, 2003)
  称谓Solution (Dear Sir or Madam\To whom it may concern),
  Body部分顶格写,段落之间要空格。
  署名Sincerely Yours,
  Li Ming
  书信题写作五点基本结构
  开门见山说意图
  咨询建议一二三
  不同内容可分段
  感谢客气不可少
  期盼回信成老套

  (一)开 头 段:
  1、告知对方你的身份(假如对方不认识你)
  Dear Sir/Mr. Prometheus,
  I was a student at your college, enrolled in Philosophy Department.
  / I am a … at your …
  / I am a … at your college, enrolled in the … course.
  / My name is …, I am ….
  2、问候收信人(假如他/她是你的朋友)
  Dear Prometheus,
  Hello/Hi. How are you? / I hope everything is fine. / How are things going with you?
  / How are you getting on in……?

  3、解释写信的原因

  (1)致谢:
  I deeply appreciate your courtesy and I hope to reciprocate your favor when the opportunity arises.
  / I am greatly indebted to you for (the double) you have gone to on my behalf.
  / Thank you for your letter about studying in Canada.
  / I am writing to you to express my heartfelt gratitude.
  / I am writing to tell you how grateful I am for…….
  / I would like to thank you most sincerely for…….
    新东方:四十天突破六级写作讲义和笔记(9)

  谓语错误(主谓一致、时态、语态)

  1) Business today whether it is running a little gas-station or a big factory take good management.[takes]
  2) Advances in technology has also changed people’s lives.
  3) But if 98 percent of us doesn’t need to work, what are we going to do with ourselves? [don’t]
  4) Whether women who have started a career will attain pay equality with men rest on at least two factors. [rests]
  5) In some places all the trees have cut down. [have been]

  二、词汇错误(搭配错误、用词错误)

  三、逻辑错误(肯定否定乱用)采集者退散
  1) Blood pressure drugs definitely help some people live after a heart attack, but these same drugs may be both necessary and harmful for those with only mild blood pressure problems. [unnecessary]
  2) In every case, the influential person may consciously notice the imitation but he will feel comfortable in its presence. [unconsciously]

  四、多词少词(介词、冠词、形式宾语)
  1)When two Americans meet for first time, it is normal for them to call each other by their given name immediately. [the first]
  2)In fact, until recently seawater has almost be considered to be useless and no value. [of no]

  Passage 2

  Until the very latest moment of his existence, man
  has been bound to the planet on which be originated and
  developed. Now he had the capability to leave that planet 1. has
  and move out into the universe to those worlds which he
  had known previously only directly. Men have explored 2. indirectly
  parts of the moon. put spaceships in orbit around another
  planet and possibly within the decade will land into anoth-3. on
  er planet and explore it. Can we be too bold as to sug-4. so
  gest that we may be able to colonize other planet5. planets
  within the not-too-distant future? Some have advocat-
  ed such a procedure as a solution to the population
  problem: ship the excess people off to the moon. But
  we must keep in head the billions of dollars we might6. mind
  spend in carrying out the project. To maintain the
  earth's population at its present level, we would
  have to blast off into space 7,500 people every hour of
  every day of the year.
  Why are we spending so little money on space 7. much
  exploration? Consider the great need for improving8. Considering
  many aspects of the global environment, one is surely
  justified in his concern for the money and resources
  that they are poured into the space exploration ef- 9. 去掉
  forts. But perhaps we should look at both sides of the
  coin before arriving hasty conclusions. 10. arriving at/reaching

  Passage 3

  Most people work to earn a living and they
  Produce goods and services. Goods are either
  agricultural (like maize) or manufactured (like
  cars). Services are such things like education, 1. as
  medicine, and commerce. These people provide 2. Some
  goods; some provide services. Other people provide
  both goods or services. For example, in the same 3. and
  garage a man may buy a car or some service which
  helps him maintain his car.
  The work people do is called as economic 4. 去掉
  activity. All economic activities taken together make
  up the economic system of town, a city, a country,
  or the world. Such economic system is the sum-total 5. 之前加an
  of what people do and what they want. The work
  people do either provides what they need or provides
  the money with that they can buy essential 6. which
  commodities. Of course, most people hope to have
  enough money to buy commodities and services which
  are essential but which provide some particular7. nonessential
  personal satisfaction, such as toys for children, visits 8. 之后加to
  the cinema, and books.
  The science of economist is basis upon the facts9. based
  of our everyday lives. Economists study our everyday
  lives and the general life of our communities in order
  to understand the whole economic system of which we
  are a part. They try to describe the facts of the
  economy in which we live, and to explain how it
  works. The economist methods should of course be 10. economist’s
  strictly objective and scientific.
新东方:四十天突破六级写作讲义和笔记(8)

    【真题演练】

  2002年1月真题范文:

  Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic: A Letter to the University President about the Canteen Service on Campus You should write at least 120 words, and base your composition on the outline given in Chinese below:

  假设你是李明,请你就本校食堂的状况给校长写一封信,内容应涉及食堂的饭菜质量、价格、环境、服务等,可以是表扬,可以是批评建议,也可以兼而有之。

  January 12th,2002
  Dear Mr. President,
  I’m very lucky to attend this world-famous university, but I’m afraid I’m not content with the canteen service on campus.
  Firstly, the quality of the dishes should be improved. Undoubtedly, there are a lot of delicious dishes, but all the year, they are the same. More and more students are complaining about eating the same food each day. So I think the most urgent problem is variety.
  Secondly, the price is a bit too high. Many of us hope that the canteen can provide us with not only delicious but also cheaper food.
  Finally, the environment is so noisy that we can’t enjoy our meals in good mood. I suggest that there be some soft music to help us relax.
  Those presented suggestions are not just of my own, but also of many other students. We hope our respectable president will pay attention to your suggestions.
  By the way, the canteen workers are very patient and always smiling. So I think if our university offers them better conditions, they will offer us better service.
  Best wishes,
  Yours sincerely,
  Li Ming
新东方:四十天突破六级写作讲义和笔记(7)

    逻辑关系举例

  Close Test 4

  Manpower Inc., with 560,000 workers, is the world’s largest temporary employment agency. Every morning, its people 41 into the offices and factories of America, seeking a day’s work for a day’s pay. One day at a time. 42 industrial giants like General Motors and IBM struggle to survive 43 reducing the number of employees, Manpower, based in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, is booming.

   44 its economy continues to recover, the US is increasingly becoming a nation of part-timers and temporary workers. This “ 45 ” work force is the most important 46 in American business today, and it is 47 changing the relationship between people and their jobs. The phenomenon provides a way for companies to remain globally competitive 48 avoiding market cycles and the growing burdens 49 by employment rules, healthcare costs and pension plans. For workers it can mean an end to the security, benefits and sense of 50 that came from being a loyal employee.

   41. [A] swarm [B] stride [C] separate [D] slip

   42. [A] For [B] Because [C] As [D] Since

   43. [A] from [B] in [C] on [D] by

   44. [A] Even though [B] Now that [C] If only [D] Provided that

   45. [A] durable [B] disposable [C] available [D] transferable

   46. [A] approach [B] flow [C] fashion [D] trend

   47. [A] instantly [B] reversely [C] fundamentally [D] sufficiently

   48. [A] but [B] while [C] and [D] whereas

   49. [A] imposed [B] restricted [C] illustrated [D] confined

   50. [A] excitement [B] conviction [C] enthusiasm [D] importance
  同现举例

  Cloze Test 5

  Until recently most historians spoke very critically of the Industrial Revolution. They 41 that in the long run industrialization greatly raised the standard of living for the 42 man. But they insisted that its 43 results during the period from 1750 to 1850 were widespread poverty and misery for the 44 of the English population. 45 contrast, they saw in the preceding hundred years from 1650 to1750, when England was still a 46 agricultural country, a period of great abundance and prosperity.
   The view, 47 , is generally thought to be wrong. Specialists 48 history and economics, have 49 two things: that the period from 1650 to 1750 was 50 by great poverty, and that industrialization certainly did not worsen and may have actually improved the conditions for the majority of the populace.

  41. [A] admitted [B] believed [C] claimed [D] predicted

  42. [A] plain [B] average [C] mean [D] normal

  43. [A] momentary [B] prompt [C] instant [D] immediate

  44. [A] bulk [B] host [C] gross [D] magnitude

  45. [A] On [B] With [C] For [D] By

  46. [A] broadly [B] thoroughly [C] generally [D] completely

  47. [A] however [B] meanwhile [C] therefore [D] moreover

  48. [A] at [B] in [C] about [D] for

  49. [A] manifested [B] approved [C] shown [D] speculated

  50. [A] noted [B] impressed [C] labeled [D] marked
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