英语六级听力题目构成与比例

  小对话: 8% 选择题共8道对话,每题长约1分钟

  长对话: 7% 选择题共2段对话,每段长约3分钟

  听力短文: 10% 选择题 共3篇文章,每篇长约3分钟

  复合式听写:10% 听写填空 填8个单词和三句话,放音三遍,共计8分钟

  听力位于考试的卷二部分,共占全卷35%。07年六级考试改革后,听力考试的对话部分在以往单一短对话的基础上增加了长对话的内容。其中短对话部分由原来的 10题减至8题;长对话有两篇,每篇题量在3至4题一共7题;不过对话部分题目总数保持不变,还是15个。新增的长对话持续时间约6分钟,说话者的语速约为150-170词/分钟。该部分共15题,每题计1分,共15分。总的来说,题目的总量增加了,做题时间增加了,本身对学生是否能够长时间的集中听力注意力就增加了考验。

  英语六级短对话部分

  除了一些视听反向原则(即听到的单词和短语要慎选)和同义词替换原则(即准确答案经常是原文的同义词语的替换)之外,六级的小对话在出题方向上出现过一些明显的特点,总结如下:
  教授要求严格:例如布置作业很多、考试不容易过,上课要求准时、讲座难度高等等;

  2002年6月第9题:
  M: Erh-erh… Looks like I'm going to be a little late for class. I hope Pro. Clark doesn't start on time today.
  W: Are you kidding? You can set your watch by the time he starts his class.
  Q: What can be inferred about Pro. Clark?
  A) He wants his students to be on time for class.
  B) He doesn't allow his students to tell jokes in class.
  C) He is always punctual for his class.
  D) He rarely notices which students are late.
  解析:男生说:可能我得迟到一会儿了,我希望Clark教授今天没有准点开课。女生回答:开玩笑吧,他每次开始上课(时间都很准,以至于)你都可以对你的表。因此答案选C.

  2003年1月第6题
  W: Professor Smith, I really need the credits to graduate this summer.
  M: Here at this school the credits are earned, not given.
  Q: What do we learn from the conversation?
  A) The man thinks the woman can earn the credits.
  B) The woman is begging the man to let her pass the exam.
  C) The woman has to attend a summer course to graduate.
  D) The woman is going to graduate from summer school.
  解析:女生说:教授,我需要这些学分才能暑假顺利毕业。教授回答:这个学校的学分是挣来的而不是给的。因此答案选B.
  另外:作业总是很重的负担,需要了解的是,作业包括各种各样的assignment 、homework 以及reading list。

  2003年6月 第8题
  M: Mr. Smith, our history professor, announced we would be doing two papers and three exams this semester. I wonder how I'm going to pull through when two other courses have similar requirements.
  W: Well, can't you drop one course and pick it up next semester?
  Q: What does the woman suggest the man do?
  A) Do the assignments towards the end of the semester.
  B) Quit the history course and choose another one instead.
  C) Drop one course and do it next semester.
  D) Take courses with a lighter workload.
  解析:男生抱怨道我们的历史老师Smith宣称这个学期我们要搞定两份论文三次考试。可是别的课程也有类似的要求,我都不知道我该怎么去应付了。女生建议道那你为什么不退一门课呢?下学期再选也不迟啊。因此答案选C。

  预订难以成功:房间、交通或演出的票、商品等都很难订到或买到。
  M: I wonder whether it would be possible to change this double room to two single rooms.
  W: Sorry, sir. All the single rooms are occupied. But if you like, I can check with Imperial Hotel to see if they have any.
  Q: What's the woman going to do for the man?
  A) Let him move to a room with two single beds.
  B) Check to see if there are any vacancies in her hotel.
  C) Try to help him find rooms in another hotel.
  D) Show him the way to Imperial Hotel.
  解析:中男生说:我不知道能不能把这个双人间换成两个单人间。女生回答:对不起先生,所有的单人间都订满了。如果你想要的话,我可以给你查查帝国饭店看看它们有没有。因此答案选C。

  女生更爱学习、男生更爱娱乐:

  2000年1月 第1题
  W: It's a pity you missed the concert yesterday evening. It was wonderful.
  M: I didn't want to miss the football game. Well, I'm not a classical music fan anyway.
  Q: What do we learn from the conversation?
  A) The man was sorry to miss the football game.
  B) The man attended the concert, but didn't like it.
  C) The man was sorry that he didn't attend the concert.
  D) The man is more interested in football than in classical music.
  解析:中男生说:你错过了昨天晚上的音乐会真可惜。它很棒的。男生回答:我不想错过足球赛啊,况且我不是一个古典音乐迷。因此答案选D。
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