模拟训练

  Short Answer Questions 

  (15 minutes)

  Directions: In this part there is a short passage with five questions or incomplete statements. Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words (not exceeding 10 words).

  I once knew a dog named Newton who had a unique sense of humour. Whenever I tossed out a Frisbee(飞碟) for him to chase, he'd take off in hot pursuit but then seem to lose track of it. Moving back and forth only a yard or two from the toy, Newton would look all around, even up into the trees. He seemed genuinely puzzled. Finally, I'd give up and head into the field to help him out. But no sooner would I get within 10 ft. of him than he would run invariably straight over to the Frisbee, grab it and start running like mad, looking over his shoulder with what looked suspiciously like a grin.

  Just about every pet owner has a story like this and is eager to share it with anyone who will listen. On very short notice, TIME reporters came up with 25 stories about what each is convinced is the smartest pet in the world. Among them: the cat who closes the door behind him when he goes into the bathroom; the cat who uses a toilet instead of a litter box … and flushes it afterward; the dog who goes wild when he sees his owner putting on blue jeans instead of a dress because jeans mean it is time to play; and the cat who used to wait patiently at the bus stop every day for a little girl, then walk her the six blocks home, and so on.

  These behaviours are certainly clever, but what do they mean? Was Newton really deceiving? Can a cat really desire privacy in the toilet? In short, do household pets really have a mental and emotional life? Their owners think so, but until recently, animal behaviour experts would have gone mad on hearing such a question. The worst sin in their moral vocabulary was anthropomorphism(拟人化), projecting human traits onto animals. A dog or a cat might behave as if it were angry, lonely, sad, happy or confused, but that was only in the eye of the viewer.What was going on, they insisted, was that the dog or cat had been conditioned, through a perhaps unintentional series of punishments and rewards, to behave in a certain way. The behaviour was a mechanical result of the training.

  

  Questions:

  1. What did Newton seem puzzled about?

  

  2. Why does the author say Newton had unique sense of humour?

  

  3. What made it possible for the TIME reporters to come up with so many interesting stories about pets?

  

  4. What belief about pet behaviour was unacceptable to experts of animal behaviour?

  

  5. What is the explanation of animal-behaviour experts for the “clever” behaviour of pets?

  1.(He seemed puzzled about)where Frisbee was.

  (He seemed puzzled about)the location of the Frisbee.

  Where the Frisbee had gone.

  Where the Frisbee lay.

  Its losing track of the Frisbee.

  About where to find the Frisbee.

  Newton pretended to be puzzled about where the Frisbee was.

  2. Newton seemed to like to play tricks on/make fun of people.

  It seems Newton liked to deceive people.

  Because its behaviour was deceiving.

  (Because) Newton pretended to be puzzled.

  He pretended not to be able to find the Frisbee.

  3. Pet owners are willing to share their stories (with others).

  Pet owners’ willingness to share their stories (with others).

  Pet owners are eager to share them with others.

  Every pet owner has a story to share.

  Pet owners want to tell their pets’ stories.

  Their owners are eager to share their stories with others.

  Pet owners want to show their pets are smart.

  4. Pets have a mental and emotional life.

  Human traits could be projected on to animals.

  Anthropomorphism.

  Projecting human traits onto animals.

  5. It is the result of mechanical training.

  It is the result of unintentional punishment punishments and rewards.

  It is the result of conditioning.

  They are conditioned to behave in a certain way.

  They were trained.

  Training.

  Unit 1

  Part Ⅳ Short Answer Questions 

  (15 minutes)

  Directions: In this part there is a short passage with five questions or incomplete statements. Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words (not exceeding 10 words).

  Joe Templer should have known better: after all, he works for a large auto-insurance company. It won't hurt to leave the key in the truck this once, he thought, as he filled his gas tank at a selfservice gas station. But moments later, as he was paying the money, he saw the truck being driven away.

  In 1987, 1.6 million motor vehicles were stolen in the United States — one every 20 seconds. If current trends continue, experts predict annual vehicle thefts could exceed two million by the end of the decade.

  Vehicle theft is a common phenomenon, which has a direct impact on over four million victims a year. The cost is astonishing.

  Many police officials blame professional thieves for the high volume of thefts. It is a major money-maker for organized crime. Typically, stolen cars are taken to pieces and the parts sold to individuals. But as many as 200,000 cars are smuggled out of the country every year. Most go to Latin America, the Middle East and Europe.

  Only about 15 percent car thefts result in an arrest, because few police departments routinely conduct in-depth auto-investigations. When thieves are arrested, judges will often sentence them to probation(缓刑), not immediately put them in prison because the prisons are overcrowded with violent criminals.

  One exception is a Michigan program that assigns 92 police officers to work full-time on the state's 65,000 car theft cases a year. Since 1986, when the effort began, the state's auto-theft rate has fallen from second in the nation to ninth.

  How can you protect your car? If you live in a high-theft area or drive an expensive model, consider a security system. It may cost anywhere from $25 to $1,000. Some systems engage automatically — simply removing the key disables the fuel pump and the starter. When cars are equipped with such systems, thefts may drop by one-third. In some states, you may be able to use a device that transmits radio signals, allowing stolen cars to be tracked by police.

  Questions:(注意:答题尽量简短,超过10个词要扣分。每条横线限写一个英语单词,标点符号不占格。)

  71. What is the passage mainly about?

  72. What does the author think Joe Templer should be blamed for?

  73. How serious did the author predict the annual vehicle theft could be in the United States in 1989?

  74. What are the two ways theives sell the stolen cars?

  75. What type of security system can help the police track down a stolen car?
 Unit 1答案

  1. (The) car theft in the U.S./U.S.A./United States.

  Car/Vehicle/Motor Vehicle theft.

  Theft/thefts of cars.

  It’s mainly about the vehicle theft in the U.S.A.

  The passage is mainly about the vehicle theft.

  The passage tells us the vehicle theft in the U.S.

  Vehicle theft is a common phenomenon in the United States.

  Vehicle theft and how to avoid it.

  Vehicle stealing and the protection of your car.

  High volume of vehicle thefts and security systems against theft.

  Vehicle theft and how to cope with it.

  2. Leaving his key in the truck.

  He left the key in the truck.

  He should have taken his key with him.

  He shouldn’t have left the key with him.

  He didn’t remove the key out of the truck.

  His carelessness.

  3. More than two million cars would be stolen.

  The vehicle thefts could exceed two million.

  4. Disassemble them and sell the parts, or smuggle them abroad.

  Selling their parts at home or smuggling them abroad.

  Selling their parts (to individuals) and smuggling them abroad.

  5. A device that transmits radio signals.

  Radio transmitting device.

  The security system with a device that transmit radio signals.
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