新东方:四十天突破六级写作讲义和笔记(9)

  谓语错误(主谓一致、时态、语态)

  1) Business today whether it is running a little gas-station or a big factory take good management.[takes]
  2) Advances in technology has also changed people’s lives.
  3) But if 98 percent of us doesn’t need to work, what are we going to do with ourselves? [don’t]
  4) Whether women who have started a career will attain pay equality with men rest on at least two factors. [rests]
  5) In some places all the trees have cut down. [have been]

  二、词汇错误(搭配错误、用词错误)

  三、逻辑错误(肯定否定乱用)采集者退散
  1) Blood pressure drugs definitely help some people live after a heart attack, but these same drugs may be both necessary and harmful for those with only mild blood pressure problems. [unnecessary]
  2) In every case, the influential person may consciously notice the imitation but he will feel comfortable in its presence. [unconsciously]

  四、多词少词(介词、冠词、形式宾语)
  1)When two Americans meet for first time, it is normal for them to call each other by their given name immediately. [the first]
  2)In fact, until recently seawater has almost be considered to be useless and no value. [of no]

  Passage 2

  Until the very latest moment of his existence, man
  has been bound to the planet on which be originated and
  developed. Now he had the capability to leave that planet 1. has
  and move out into the universe to those worlds which he
  had known previously only directly. Men have explored 2. indirectly
  parts of the moon. put spaceships in orbit around another
  planet and possibly within the decade will land into anoth-3. on
  er planet and explore it. Can we be too bold as to sug-4. so
  gest that we may be able to colonize other planet5. planets
  within the not-too-distant future? Some have advocat-
  ed such a procedure as a solution to the population
  problem: ship the excess people off to the moon. But
  we must keep in head the billions of dollars we might6. mind
  spend in carrying out the project. To maintain the
  earth's population at its present level, we would
  have to blast off into space 7,500 people every hour of
  every day of the year.
  Why are we spending so little money on space 7. much
  exploration? Consider the great need for improving8. Considering
  many aspects of the global environment, one is surely
  justified in his concern for the money and resources
  that they are poured into the space exploration ef- 9. 去掉
  forts. But perhaps we should look at both sides of the
  coin before arriving hasty conclusions. 10. arriving at/reaching

  Passage 3

  Most people work to earn a living and they
  Produce goods and services. Goods are either
  agricultural (like maize) or manufactured (like
  cars). Services are such things like education, 1. as
  medicine, and commerce. These people provide 2. Some
  goods; some provide services. Other people provide
  both goods or services. For example, in the same 3. and
  garage a man may buy a car or some service which
  helps him maintain his car.
  The work people do is called as economic 4. 去掉
  activity. All economic activities taken together make
  up the economic system of town, a city, a country,
  or the world. Such economic system is the sum-total 5. 之前加an
  of what people do and what they want. The work
  people do either provides what they need or provides
  the money with that they can buy essential 6. which
  commodities. Of course, most people hope to have
  enough money to buy commodities and services which
  are essential but which provide some particular7. nonessential
  personal satisfaction, such as toys for children, visits 8. 之后加to
  the cinema, and books.
  The science of economist is basis upon the facts9. based
  of our everyday lives. Economists study our everyday
  lives and the general life of our communities in order
  to understand the whole economic system of which we
  are a part. They try to describe the facts of the
  economy in which we live, and to explain how it
  works. The economist methods should of course be 10. economist’s
  strictly objective and scientific.
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