改错的形式有三种:

错词>=6个,漏词,多词<=4个

错误类型:

1、名词:单复数用错,可数不可数的混用,大多数改错常有此类错误。
On the way up I was busy taking picture since the scenery was so beautiful.

2、冠词:定冠词the及不定冠词的多余和缺失
As everyone knows, it’s famous mountain with all kinds of plants and animals.

3、动词:时态和全文一致;小心被动语态;多个动词同时出现时,考虑用非谓
Soon I began to enjoy talk to myself on paper as I was learning to express me in simple English.

4、主谓一致:非谓语动词做主语,动词应该为单数;并列名词做主语,动词用复数;小心就近一致
Now my picture and the prize is hanging in the library.

5、形容词,副词:形容词和副词词性的混用;
I would describe myself as shy and quietly.

6、介词:多余,缺失或错用,根据上下文做调整,更多靠平时积累的固定搭配
We must keep in mind that we play for the team instead ourselves.

7、连词: 上下文逻辑关系

8、代词:人称代词前后指代不一致;反身代词和人称代词的误用;关系代词的误用that, what等
I was learning to express me in simple English.

9、并列的平行结构:both…and…, not only… but also, prefer to do rather than do

10、固定搭配

方法:

    在做改错题时,首先要通读短文,对文章有最基本的了解之后,以行为单位逐词寻找以上提到的错误类型。
鉴于动词出错的频率较高,并且在句中起到举足轻重的作用,考生可以考虑先从动词下手寻找错我。例如每句话先看动词,马上判断时态、语态,如没有错误,可以向前寻找主语,考量主谓是否一致。因此寻找错误的顺序,可以概括为一下口诀:

3. 短文改错解题秘诀
  见到动词找主语
  动词很多想非谓
  见到名词单复数
  名词前面冠词配
  见到介词想搭配
  多漏错误不一定
  见到定状看词性
  形副词性总混用
  见到连词想逻辑
  转折因果肯否定
  见到代词找指代
  指代通常不一致
  见到平行看结构
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