一、默写

1.无可否认,空气污染是一个极其严重的问题:城市当局应该采取有力措施来解决它。
2.一项调查显示妇女欢迎退休。
3.一份适当的业余工作并不会占用学生太多的时间,事实上,把全部的时间都用到学习上并不健康,正如那句老话:只工作,不玩耍,聪明的孩子会变傻。
4.任何政府忽视这一点都将付出巨大的代价。
5.当前,一提到即将开始的学校生活,许多学生都会兴高采烈。然而,对多数年轻人来说,校园刚开始的日子并不是什么愉快的经历。



二、试写

1.......accounted for......percent of the total number of ......in......compared with...percent in.......
1990年,全国人民代表大会的妇女代表所占比例不到总人数的2%,1998年大约是12%。

2.......up......percent on the total number for the ...year period between.......
1998年,已经有大约140个大的国有公司宣布破产或被兼并,与1985年到1995年这十年间的总数相比超出75%。

3.......has dropped by ......over the past few years, but nonetheless remains at one of the highest levels for.......
在过去的几年中,中国的文盲率下降了约60%,但仍是发展中国家中较高的。

4......annual rise in......between 1995-1997 has been followed by .......during......and the trend is expected to continue indefinitely.
1995年到1997年,出口率持续稳定增长之后,1998年,价格稳步下跌,预计这一趋势会无限期地持续下去。

5.It is essential to examine every angle in order to fully understand the nature of a perplexing problem.
(前面的比较难,这个就直接抄写吧,凡是前四个句型只有写出一个的,这个句子就算奖励!)
为了全面理解一个复杂问题的本质,必须从每个角度进行考查。



三、必背

1. In view of the seriousness of this problem, effective measures should be taken before things get worse.
考虑到问题的严重性,在事态进一步恶化之前,必须采取有效的措施。
2. The majority of students believe that part-time job will provide them with more opportunities to develop their interpersonal skills, which may put them in a favorable position in the future job markets.
大部分学生相信业余工作会使他们有更多机会发展人际交往能力,而这对他们未来找工作是非常有好处的。
3.It is indisputable that there are millions of people who still have a miserable life and have to face the dangers of starvation and exposure.
无可争辩,现在有成千上万的人仍过着挨饿受冻的痛苦生活。
4. Although this view is wildly held, this is little evidence that education can be obtained at any age and at any place.
尽管这一观点被广泛接受,很少有证据表明教育能够在任何地点、任何年龄进行。
5.No one can deny the fact that a person's education is the most important aspect of his life.
没有人能否认:教育是人生最重要的一方面。



参考答案:

1. Women accounted for less than two percent of the total number of deputies to the National People's Congress in 1990 , compared with almost 12 percent in 1998 .
1990年,全国人民代表大会的妇女代表所占比例不到总人数的2%,1998年大约是12%。


2. Some 140 major state-owned companies have either declared bankruptcy or entered into mergers during 1998 , up a whopping 75 percent on the total number for the 10-year period between 1985-1995 .
1998年,已经有大约140个大的国有公司宣布破产或被兼并,与1985年到1995年这十年间的总数相比超出75%。

3. China's illiteracy rate has dropped by some 60 percent over the past few years , but nonetheless remains at one of the highest levels for any developing nation .
在过去的几年中,中国的文盲率下降了约60%,但仍是发展中国家中较高的。

4. The steady three-year annual rise in the export rate between 1995-1997 has been followed by steadily failling prices during 1998 and the trend is expected to continue indefinitely .
1995年到1997年,出口率持续稳定增长之后,1998年,价格稳步下跌,预计这一趋势会无限期地持续下去。
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