Writing (30 minutes)

Directions:For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic The Development of Private Cars. You should write no less than 150 words and you should base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:



引用
1. 有些人赞成使用小汽车
2. 有些人反对使用小汽车
3. 你的看法


写作指导:文章一开篇必须引出主题,接下来从正反两方面对开发私家小车谈谈看法,最后提出自己对该主题的看法。该题目属于常见的“正反问题法”,可以背诵一些经典句型,然后套用。注意参考范文里黑体部分。

引用
参考范文:The Development of Private Cars

There is no denying the fact that the development of private cars is a popular topic which is much talked about. Yet opinions of it vary from person to person.Some people claim that there are many advantages in possessing a car. A car offers a greater degree of comfort and mobility. The owner of a car is no longer forced to rely on public transport, and hence no irritation caused by waiting for buses or taxis. With a car he can go where he likes and when he wants, so that he can enjoy his leisure to the full by making trips to the countryside or seaside on weekends, instead of being confined to his immediate neighborhood. 

However, others strongly object to the development of private cars. They maintain that as more and more cars are produced and run in the streets, a large volume of poisonous gas will be given off, polluting the atmosphere. Furthermore, private cars contribute to traffic congestion that makes a great nuisance.

So far as I am concerned, I fully believe that the advantages of private cars outweigh their disadvantages. What’s more, there are at least two effective ways to cope with the demerits. The first way to tackle it is to appeal to the authorities to take drastic measures to produce less poisonous cars. The other policy that is worth adopting is to build up more roads to reduce the traffic jam. In this way we can succeed in dealing with the problem and make full use of private cars.
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