Sporting activities are essentially modified forms of hunting

  behavior. Viewing biologically, the modern footballer is revealed as a S1.________

  member of a disguised hunting pack. His killing weapon has turned into

  a harmless football and his prey into a goal-mouth. If his aim is inaccurate S2.________

  and he scores a goal, enjoys the hunter's triumph of killing his prey. S3._________

  To understand how this transformation has taken place we

  must briefly look up at our ancient ancestors. They spent over a S4.________

  million year evolving as co-operative hunters. Their very survival S5._______

  depended on success in the hunting-field. Under this pressure their whole

  way of life, even if their bodies, became radically changed. They became S6.________

  chasers, runners, jumpers, aimers, throwers and prey-killers.

  They co-operate as skillful male-group attackers. S7.________

  Then, about ten thousand years ago, when this immensely long S8.________

  formative period of hunting for food, they became farmers. Their

  improved intelligence, so vital to their old hunting life, were put to a new S9._______

  use-that of penning ( 把……关在圈中), controlling and domesticating

  their prey. The food was there on the farms, awaiting their needs. The

  risks and uncertainties of farming were no longer essential for survival. S10._______

  【答案请见下页】

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