六级高频词汇点评㈠②

[不指定 07/04/26 09:52 | by admin ]
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接:六级高频词汇点评①
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参考答案:

Rectify:DBAAA CD

Competitive:CBB

Compromise:DCC

Comprehension:CD

Compulsory:CA

高频词讲解:Rectify

共出现7次,作为主考词2次,陪考词5次。

vt. 纠正,修复

真题讲解:

D 1. It is my hope that everyone in this class should __ their errors before it is too late. (05/12)

A) expel
B) exclude
C) refute
D)rectify

翻译:我希望这个班上的每个人能在为时不完的时候……错误。

Rectify纠正,一般指“对错误的纠正”,rectify one's error意为纠正某人的错误;

Refute反驳;Exclude排斥;Expel驱逐。

B 2. A membership card ____the holder to use the club's facilities for a period of twelve months. (03/9)

A) approves
B) authorizes
C) rectifies
D) endows

翻译:会员卡可以……持有人在一年之内使用俱乐部的设施。

这个句子在第六期出现过。

Authorize sb. to do sth.授权某人做某事;

Approve批准,认可;approve of sb./sth. 同意某人或某事;

Rectify矫正,调整;

Endow赋予,捐赠;endow sb. with sth.资助某人某事。

A 3. In order to prevent stress from being set up in the metal, expansion joints are fitted which _______ the stress by allowing the pipe to expand or contract freely. (02/12)

A) relieve
B) reconcile
C) reclaim
D) rectify

翻译:为了不使金属内部有压力,安装了扩张接头,通过使管子自由扩张或收缩而……压力。

本题的题眼在于stress,压力只能是减缓,解除,故答案为A.

Relieve减轻,缓和等;可以relieve的一般有:stress, suffering, discomfort, traffic jams;

Reconcile使顺从,使调和;常接观点,情形,事实等词;

Reclaim收回,要求归还,开垦(荒地);一般接土地、金钱;

Rectify纠正,矫正,整顿,修复。

A 4. He is the only person who can ____ in this case,because the other witnesses were killed mysteriously. (02/6)

A) testify
B) charge
C) accuse
D) rectify

翻译:他是这个案子中唯一可以……的人,因为其他的目击证人都被神秘杀害了。

Testify证明,作证,与case, witnesses构成同义语场;Charge控告,指控,常与with连用;

Accuse指控,控告,指责,常用于accuse sb. of sth.指控某人;Rectify纠正。

A 5. Once you get to know your mistakes, you should __________ them as soon as possible. (02/1)

A) rectify
B) reclaim
C) refrain
D) reckon

翻译:一旦你知道了自己的错误,就应该尽快……。

Rectify纠正,rectify mistakes指纠正错误;

Reclaim收回,开垦(荒地),意为改正时宾语为人;

Refrain节制,控制,抑制,通常与from连用,意为避免做某事;

Reckon估计,认为;盼望,指望(与on连用);测算,测量。

C 6. Since the two countries couldn't ______ their differences, they decided to stop their negotiations. (99/6)

A) rectify
B) oblige
C) reconcile
D) obscure

翻译:由于两国无法……其分歧,双方决定停止谈判。

Rectify纠正,修复,常与mistake、error、omission搭配;

Oblige三个基本意思:迫使,施恩于,使感激;

Reconcile使协调,使和解;Obscure晦涩的,难以理解的;不著名的。

D 7. Reading _______ the mind only with materials of knowledge; it is thinking that makes what we read ours. (97/6)

A) rectifies
B) prolongs
C) minimizes
D) furnishes

翻译:读书只不过是用知识的材料……我们的大脑,只有通过思考才能让我们了解自己。

我手中的参考书还有选A的,但我认为根据句意,还是D能讲得通,如有不同意见还请指正啦。

Rectify纠正,改正(错误行为);Prolong延长,延伸;

Minimize最小化;Furnish装备,提供,与题意相符。
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