The Seattle Times Company is one newspaper firm that

  has recognized the need for change and done something about it.

  In the newspaper industry, papers must reflect the diversity of

  the communities to which they provide information.

  It must reflect that diversity with their news coverage or risk (S1)

  losing their readers’ interest and their advertisers’ support.

  Operating within Seattle, which has 20 percents racial (S2)

  minorities, the paper has put into place policies and

  procedures for hiring and maintain a diverse workforce. The (S3)

  underlying reason for the change is that for information to be

  fair, appropriate, and subjective, it should be reported by the (S4)

  same kind of population that reads it.

  A diversity committee composed of reporters, editors, and

  photographers meets regularly to value the Seattle Times’ (S5)

  content and to educate the rest of the newsroom staff about

  diversity issues. In an addition, the paper instituted a content (S6)

  audit (审查) that evaluates the frequency and manner of

  representation of woman and people of color in photographs. (S7)

  Early audits showed that minorities were pictured

  far too infrequently and were pictured with a disproportion

  ate number of negative articles. The audit results from (S8)

  improvement in the frequency of majority representation and (S9)

  their portrayal in neutral or positive situations. And, with a (S10)

  result, the Seattle Times has improved as a newspaper.

  The diversity training and content audits helped the Seattle Times Company

  to win the Personnel Journal Optimal Award for excellence in managing change.

  【答案请见下页】

  Thomas Malthus published his “Essay on the

  Principle of Population” almost 200 years ago. Ever since then,

  forecasters have being warning that worldwide famine was (S1)

  just around the next corner. The fast-growing population’s

  demand for food, they warned, would soon exceed their (S2)

  supply, leading to widespread food shortages and starvation.

  But in reality, the world’s total grain harvest has risen

  steadily over the years. Except for relative isolated trouble (S3)

  spots like present-day Somalia, and occasional years of

  good harvests, the world’s food crisis has remained just (S4)

  around the corner. Most experts believe this can continue

  even as if the population doubles by the mid-21st century, (S5)

  although feeding 10 billion people will not be easy for

  politics, economic and environmental reasons. Optimists (S6)

  point to concrete examples of continued improvements

  in yield. In Africa, by instance, improved seed, more (S7)

  fertilizer and advanced growing practices have more than

  double corn and wheat yields in an experiment. Elsewhere, (S8)

  rice experts in the Philippines are producing a plant with few (S9)

  stems and more seeds. There is no guarantee that plant

  breeders can continue to develop new, higher-yielding

  crop, but most researchers see their success to date as reason (S10)

  for hope.

  【答案请见下页】

  A great many cities are experiencing difficulties which

  are nothing new in the history of cities, except in their scale.

  Some cities have lost their original purpose and have not found

  new one. And any large or rich city is going to attract poorS1. __________

  immigrants, who flood in, filling with hopes of prosperityS2. __________

  which are then often disappointing. There are backward towns

  on the edge of Bombay or Brasilia, just as though there wereS3. __________

  on the edge of seventeenth-century London or early nine-

  teenth-century Paris. This is new is the scale. DescriptionsS4. __________

  written by eighteenth-century travelers of the poor of Mexico

  City, and the enormous contrasts that was to be found there,S5. __________

  are very dissimilar to descriptions of Mexico City today—theS6. __________

  poor can still be numbered in millions.

  The whole monstrous growth rests on economic prosper-

  ity, but behind it lies two myths: the myth of the city as aS7. __________

  promised land, that attracts immigrants from rural povertyS8. __________

  and brings it flooding into city centers, and the myth of theS9. __________

  country as a Garden of Eden, which, a few generations late,S10. __________

  sends them flooding out again to the suburbs.

  【答案请见下页】

    Sporting activities are essentially modified forms of

  hunting behavior. Viewing biologically, the modernS1. __________

  footballer is revealed as a member of a disguised hunting

  pack. His killing weapon has turned into a harmless football

  and his prey into a goal-mouth. If his aim is inaccurate and heS2. __________

  scores a goal, enjoys the hunter’s triumph of killing his prey.

  To understand how this transformation has taken place weS3. __________

  must briefly look up at our ancient ancestors. They spent over aS4. __________

  million year evolving as co-operative hunters. Their very survivalS5. __________

  depended on success in the hunting-field. Under this pressure

  their whole way of life, even if their bodies, became radicailyS6. __________

  changed. They became chasers, runners, jumpers, aimers,

  throwers and prey-killers. They co-operate as skillful male-groupS7. __________

  attackers.

  Then, about ten thousand years ago, when this immenselyS8. __________

  long formative period of hunting for food, they became

  farmers. Their improved intelligence, so vital to their old

  hunting life, were put to a new use—that of penning (把S9. __________

  ……关在圈中), controlling and domesticating their prey. The

  food was there on the farms, awaiting their needs. The risks and

  uncertainties of farming were no longer essential for survival.S10.__________

  【答案请见下页】

  More people die of tuberculosis (结核病) than of any

  other disease caused by a single agent. This has probably

  been the case in quite a while. During the early stages of S1. ________

  the industrial revolution, perhaps one in every seventh S2. ________

  deaths in Europe's crowded cities were caused by the S3. ________

  disease. From now on, though, western eyes, missing the S4. ________

  global picture, saw the trouble going into decline. With

  occasional breaks for war, the rates of death and

  infection in the Europe and America dropped steadily S5. ________

  through the 19th and 20th centuries. In the 1950s, the

  introduction of antibiotics (抗菌素) strengthened the

  trend in rich countries, and the antibiotics were allowed

  to be imported to poor countries. Medical researchers S6. ________

  declared victory and withdrew.

  They are wrong. In the mid-1980s the frequency of S7. ________

  infections and deaths started to pick up again around the

  world. Where tuberculosis vanished, it came back; in S8. ________

  many places where it had never been away, it grew better. S9. ________

  The World Health Organization estimates that 1.7

  billion people (a third of the earth's population) suffer

  from tuberculosis. Even when the infection rate was

  falling, population growth kept the number of clinical

  cases more or less constantly at 8 million a year. Around S10. ________

  3 million of those people died, nearly all of them in poor countries.

  【答案请见下页】

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