六级高频词汇点评㈠①

[不指定 07/04/26 09:49 | by admin ]
Rectify(7次)

1. It is my hope that everyone in this class should __ their errors before it is too late. (05/12)

A) expel
B) exclude
C) refute
D) rectify

2. A membership card ____the holder to use the club's facilities for a period of twelve months. (03/9)

A) approves
B) authorizes
C) rectifies
D) endows

3. In order to prevent stress from being set up in the metal, expansion joints are fitted which _______ the stress by allowing the pipe to expand or contract freely. (02/12)

A) relieve
B) reconcile
C) reclaim
D) rectify

4. He is the only person who can ____ in this case,because the other witnesses were killed mysteriously. (02/6)

A) testify
B) charge
C) accuse
D) rectify

5. Once you get to know your mistakes, you should __________ them as soon as possible. (02/1)

A) rectify
B) reclaim
C) refrain
D) reckon

6. Since the two countries couldn't ______ their differences, they decided to stop their negotiations. (99/6)

A) rectify
B) oblige
C) reconcile
D) obscure

7. Reading _______ the mind only with materials of knowledge; it is thinking that makes what we read ours. (97/6)

A) rectifies
B) prolongs
C) minimizes
D) furnishes

Competitive(3次)

1. This new laser printer is _______ with all leading software. (02/12)

A) comparable
B) competitive
C) compatible
D) cooperative

2. Even when textbooks are ______ through a school system, methods of teaching may vary greatly. (99/1)

A) commonplace
B) standardized
C) competitive
D) generalized

3. Because a degree form a good university is the means to a better job, education is one of the most ________ areas in Japanese life. (98/6)

A) sophisticated
B) competitive
C) considerate
D) superficial

Compromise(3次)

1. President Wilson attempted to ____ between the powers to end the war, but neither side was prepared to give in. (03/12)

A) segregate
B) whirl
C) compromise
D) mediate

2. If a person talks about his weak points, his listener is expected to say something in the way of _______ . (98/6)

A) persuasion
B) remedy
C) encouragement
D) compromise

3. To ____ for his unpleasant experiences he drank a little more than was good for him. (98/1)

A) commence
B) compromise
C) compensate
D) compliment

Comprehension(2次)

1. Do you have any ______ about what living beings on other planets would be like? (98/6)

A) ideal
B) comprehension
C) notion
D) intelligence

2. They tossed your thoughts back and forth for over an hour, but still could not make __________ of them. (97/1)

A) impression
B) comprehension
C) meaning
D) sense

Compulsory(2次)

1. They have done away with ____Latin for university entrance at Harvard. (03/9)

A) influential
B) indispensable
C) compulsory
D) essential

2. Many countries have adopted systems of _____ education in order to promote the average level of education. (03/6)

A) compulsory
B) cardinal
C) constrained
D) conventional

写作同义单词搜集

[不指定 07/04/26 09:46 | by admin ]
很多人都有这个弊病,从开篇到结尾一直用同一个单词表达一个意思.
这很容易让阅卷老师看得厌烦,所以需要不同的位置用不同的同义单词替代.

特别提醒注意的是同一个条目下面的单词之间不是完全的同义词,用法,搭配,都有区别,各自受到限制,千万不要不加区别混用一气,一定要注意用法是否规范!
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表示进步,提高的动词:

improve ameliorate better develop remedy revise enhance enrich upgrade refine  

重要,关键:

important significant consequential momentous considerable essential valuable distinctive great weighty major serious grave vital capital substantial material; 稍微扯得远一点的还有conspicuous striking prominent eminent noticeable

正确的,无误的:

correct rectify accurate precise proper undistorted right impeccable

增长和减少(这个超级常用!)

increase rise extend magnify decrease reduce fall amplify aggrandize elongate intensify enhance prolong strengthen curtail shrink terminate lessen abate raise boost intense(intensify) expand augment enlarge diminish dwindle(swindle是诈骗的意思)slump  

和证明相关的:

justify warrant assert claim contend argue validate substantiate verify accuse assign indict allege affirm  

论题:

statement claim declaration assertion opinion belief view conviction persuasion  

要求  

request demand needs requisition  

撤销  

to cancel; to revoke; to countermand; [Law] to rescind; to quash  

建立  

to build up; to establish; to set up; to found; to take root; to strike root  

消除  

to eliminate; to clear; to remove; to clear up; to take away; to smooth away  

推理  

1.[Logic] inference; reasoning; deduction; ratiocination  

2.to reason  

3.to put two and two together  

相应  

1.corresponding; relevant; relative; fitting; appropriate  

2.accordingly; correspondingly; by the same token; in a corresponding way  

3.to correspond to; to act in responses; to work in concert with; to support each other  

导致  

1.to lead to; to bring about (or on); to result in; to cause; to spark off;  to conduce to; to procure; to induce; to generate  

后果  

a consequence; an aftermath; an outcome  

检查  

to inspect; to check; to examine; to look over; to put to the test; to keep a check on  

发(奖品)(ft,想不明白当时我怎么会需要review这些词?)

prize reward award grant assign confer(on) honor fame credit contribution acknowledgement recognition

一堆表示程度的副词

very strikingly greatly highly insatiably exceedingly dreadfully remarkably drastically dramatically  

足够

sufficient adequate enough

剩下几个也是常用的

present justify practicable hence consequently examination accountable responsible

英语写作三步走

[不指定 07/04/26 09:34 | by admin ]
     训练指导者方针的好坏是一个前提条件。合理地设置训练程序,使英语习作从初级到高级沿着一条循序渐进,由简到多的进程发展是成功训练者必须具备的指导思想。本篇认为,在习作训练的初期,应采纳一条从有材料可依的习作方式过渡到脱离本本进行自由写作方式的途径。从有材可依到元材可依的训练过程应包括三个阶段:

  一、短文缩写(summary)阶段。

  短文缩写可以是就所学课文进行缩写,也可以采用其它阅读材料,但要求被缩写的材料难易程度不超过所学课本。被用于进行缩写的课文或其它材料必须观点明确,层次分明,叙述有条理。缩写时应做到简明扼要,抓住重点,不要拖泥带水,没有主次。初学阶段的被缩写材料不宜太长,以不超一千词为佳,缩写文以不超过2m词为佳。以下就一篇短文进行缩写,限于篇幅,短文内容有所节略。

  most shops in britain open at 9.00 a.m. and close at 5.00 or 5.30 in the evening. small shopsusually close for an hour at lunchtime. on one or two days a week-usually thursday and/or friday-some large food shops stay until about 8.00 p.m. for late night shopping.  

  many shops are closed in the afternoon on one day a week. the days is usually wednesday orthursday and it is a different day in different towns. nearly all shops are closed on sunday. news-paper shops are open in the morning, and sell sweets and cigarettes as well. but there are legal restrictions on selling many things on sundays. many large food shops(supermarkets)are self-service. when you go into one of these shops you take a basket and you put the things you wish to buy into it. you queue up at the cash-desk and pay for everything just before you leave. if anyone tries to take things from a shop without paying they are almost certain to be caught. most shops have store detectives who have the job of catching shoplifters. shoplifting is considered a serious crime by the police and the courts. when you are waiting to be served in a shop, itis important to wait your turn. it is important not to try to be served before people who arrived before you. many people from overseas are astonished at the british habit of queuing. 

  将短文缩写如下:

  this article tells us about british shops. british shops usually open at 9.00 a.m. and close at 5.00or 5.30 p.m. many shops are closed in the afternoon one day a week. nearly all shops are closed on sundays. in britain, many large food shops are self-service. and when you wait to be served in a shop, you have to wait patiently for your turn.  

  这是一篇不超过100词的缩写,句子基本上由原文各段落的主要内容构成。个别段落被完全删除以保证缩写重点突出,前后连贯。缩写是一种“依材剪贴”的习作方式,基本上采用原材料中的词语和句子,仅作了部分调整,是最初级的习作方式。

  二、短文评论(brief comment)阶段。

  短评是就所学课文或阅读材料进行评论。通过分析原文中的内容和观点,提出一定的看法。短评可以是对原文观点表示赞同,也可以提出异议或不同看法。如对前文便可作以下评论:

  from the article we learned about british shops, about their opening and closing time and their service. but we find that there are something inconvenient with british shop service. first is the time. shops in britain open very late and close too early. second is that there is almost no sunday service. where can people go if they suddenly need to buy something? the last is the habit of queuing. it will be a waste of time if the queue is too long.  

  初学阶段,短文评论的字数一般也应在150字左右,不宜写大多。短评是一种“一半依材一半发挥”的习作方式。在内容上,一部分取自原文,一部分靠自己的思考。在用词上,可以部分地依赖原文,也需使用一些其它词汇。此外,短评的行文布局和用句也是一半模仿,一半创造。短评的这种特点使它非常适合承接短文缩写阶段,而又为后期阶段打下一定的基础。

  

  三、引导写作(guided writing)阶段。

  引导写作可分为重新编排句子顺序。规定情景作文。看图作文。提纲作文。关键词作文等形式。这些形式均可以用于训练,但以提纲作文和关键词作文多用为佳.提纲作文是一种给出题目和段落提纲的习作方式,其段落写作提纲可以采用段落主旨句的形式,也可以是短语关键词作文是一种给出作文题目和一些关键词或词组的命题作文形式。由于有段落写作提纲或主旨句等,进行习作时,减少了审题环节,且写作思路受到引导。在训练初期,引导写作的命题应尽量与所学英语书本的内容挂钩,使学生能够参照一部分课文所学的词汇与结构,避免大多生词。如针对上篇短文便可出一道相关命题引导学生习作:转

英语六级考试写作技巧

[晴 07/04/26 09:31 | by admin ]
     说到英语六级写作,它的要求与四级相比只是增加了一些字数,但实际上它对于词汇的难度,句子的运用技巧,文章的结构都提出了更高的要求,做题时可以用上如下的技巧:
  1、多用长句,少用短句,适当加入几句结构较复杂的句子。
  2、写好第一句话。这样容易给阅卷者留下一个好印象,最好能用上一个复句,里面要用上2-3个难的单词或词组。
  3、结构要清晰。我建议使用四段式,第一段综述,第二、三段分述,第四段做总结,二、三段是重点。竞学网编辑推荐:2000-2005历年四六级作文题目清单  
  4、多用连接性的词组或单词。如“first, second, moreover, for one thing...., for another, on the one hand...., on the other”等等。可以把它们置于段首或文中比较显著的位置,这样会使文章更具条理性。
  5、注意结尾的时候要点题,把自己的观点明确说出来。
  6、文章不要写得太长,这样容易引起阅卷者的反感。
  7、词汇的使用上请多用六级词汇,以区别于四级。
  8、如有可能,适当加上一两句名言或是谚语,以显示你见识的广博。
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  为了使大家有个更直观的感觉,我把自己的一篇小习作登出以供参考,主要是在行文结构方面,希望对大家备考英语六级作文有所帮助。
  [题目]:how to keep calm in an exam?  
  anxiety is perhaps the worst problem many college students are faced with in their examinations. they just feel unable to keep their wits about them in those occasions, as a result of which they don’t give full play to their abilities. how to solve this problem?
  first of all, we should dispel the misgivings about the results of the exams. all of us are eager to chalk up good results in the evaluation tests.however, just remember:more haste, less speed. we should not be too mindful about the results. take things calmly.
  furthermore, we can also adopt some concrete steps to calm ourselves. for example, we may keep our eyes closed and think of nothing for a minute or two just before starting an exam. it helps to keep a cool head and minimize nervousness. as for me, this method always works.
  in the final analysis, we ought to bear in mind that calmness is essential

柏拉图式的爱情

[不指定 07/04/22 22:39 | by admin ]
   柏拉图式的爱情是指以西方哲学家柏拉图命名的一种异性间的精神恋爱,追求心灵沟通。
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  传说,柏拉图有一天问老师苏格拉底什么是爱情!于是,苏格拉底要柏拉图去麦田里走一次,不要回头的走,在途中要
摘到一棵最大最好的麦子,但是只可以摘一次.柏拉图觉得很容易,就去了! 过了半天,柏拉图垂头丧气的空手而归,他
告诉老师,看到了一棵看似不错的, 却不知是不是最好的.因为只可以摘一次,不得已只好看看有没有更好的,到时候再
摘!到发现走到尽头的时候才发现,手上是空空的,一棵麦子也没有!苏格拉底告诉他,这就是爱情!
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柏拉图式的爱情只是站在爱人的身边默默的付出,静静的守侯,既不奢望走进,也不祈求拥有.即便是根本不会有结果,却依然执迷不悔. 也就是这种不求回报的伟大注定了它悲剧的结局. 最后,也只能是一条在远处守侯的地平线.
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