Sporting activities are essentially modified forms of hunting

  behavior. Viewing biologically, the modern footballer is revealed as a S1.________

  member of a disguised hunting pack. His killing weapon has turned into

  a harmless football and his prey into a goal-mouth. If his aim is inaccurate S2.________

  and he scores a goal, enjoys the hunter's triumph of killing his prey. S3._________

  To understand how this transformation has taken place we

  must briefly look up at our ancient ancestors. They spent over a S4.________

  million year evolving as co-operative hunters. Their very survival S5._______

  depended on success in the hunting-field. Under this pressure their whole

  way of life, even if their bodies, became radically changed. They became S6.________

  chasers, runners, jumpers, aimers, throwers and prey-killers.

  They co-operate as skillful male-group attackers. S7.________

  Then, about ten thousand years ago, when this immensely long S8.________

  formative period of hunting for food, they became farmers. Their

  improved intelligence, so vital to their old hunting life, were put to a new S9._______

  use-that of penning ( 把……关在圈中), controlling and domesticating

  their prey. The food was there on the farms, awaiting their needs. The

  risks and uncertainties of farming were no longer essential for survival. S10._______


    The Seattle Times Company is one newspaper firm that

  has recognized the need for change and done something about

  it. In the newspaper industry, papers must reflect the diversity

  of the communities to which they provide information.

  It must reflect that diversity with their news coverage or risk  S1._______

  losing their readers' interest and their advertisers' support.

  Operating within Seattle, which has 20 percents racial  S2.________

  minorities, the paper has put into place policies and

  procedures for hiring and maintain a diverse workforce. The S3._______

  underlying reason for the change is that for information to be

  fair, appropriate, and subjective, it should be reported by the  S4._________

  same kind of population that reads it.

  A diversity committee composed of reporters, editors, and

  photographers meets regularly to value the Seattle Times'  S5.________

  content and to educate the rest of the newsroom staff about

  diversity issues. In an addition, the paper instituted a content  S6.________

  audit(审查) that evaluates the frequency and manner of

  representation of woman and people of color in photographs.  S7._________

  Early audits showed that minorities were pictured far too

  infrequently and were pictured with a disproportionate

  number of negative articles. The audit results from  S8.________

  improvement in the frequency of majority representation and  S9.________

  their portrayal in neutral or positive situations. And, with a  S10._______

  result, the Seattle Times has improved as a newspaper.

  The diversity training and content audits helped the Seattle

  Times Company to win the Personnel Journal Optimal Award

  for excellence in managing change.


  When we mention China’s ancient civilization,we think

  of the Four Great Inventions--paper,gunpowder,the compass

  and printing.which have had an immeasurable impact to 1.

  the development of world culture,military affairs,and

  communications and transportation.The science and technology

  of ancient China no doubt occupy a very important and 2.

  prominent position in the scientific and technological history

  of the world.yet modern science and technology did not

  originate in China.

  Why is that modem science and technology did not 3.

  originate in China? Chinese scholars specialize in the history 4.

  of natural sciences offer an answer.In brief,there are four reasons。

  First,industry and commerce were restricted in feudal China,

  which closed their borders to the outside world and inhibited the 5.

  development of areas of science and technology such as

  mechanics,mathematics,navigational technology and machine

  building.which were related with industry and commerce 6. terms of philosophy,Confucianism(儒学)was the

  respected school of thought,and it was unable to provide 7.

  philosophical guidance for the further development of science and

  technology after the end of the Ming Dynasty.Third,school

  curricula was limited to the Confucian classics,which downplayed 8.

  (不予重视)technology and crafts and touched on the sciences 9.

  Fourth,Confucian scholars were contented and conservative,

  believed their imperial court to be the supreme court granted by Heaven 10.

  and themselves the only civilized and respectable people in the world.


  What are the drawbacks or difficulties associated with

  intrapreneurship(内部创业)programs or strategies? Some

  managers are not happy about giving up the control they are

  used to have.Other managers may be willing,but their 1.

  companies have down—sized.Those managers may be do more of 2.

  the work above or below their level than they had been doing. 3.

  Now they are overworked,stress managers,and they may not Want 4.

  to hear new ideas that could just complicate their jobs even far. 5.

  The major problem that often haunts intrapreneurship is that

  results are expected very quickly.It takes time for a company to 6.

  develop the fight atmosphere and most appropriate support 7.

  structures for intrapreneuring.Sometimes a company gets impatient

  and need,Koch says,“to swallow a patience pill.”Lastly, 8.

  sometimes it is difficult for an intrapreneur to hear that the company

  has decided to pursue her of his idea;the person may continue 9.

  working on the idea anyway.

  With all the possible drawbacks,intrapreneurship has a

  foothold in business today.Many products now on the market

  owe their existence on companies Who recognized and nurtured 10.

  the talent within their own walls.


  Optimism and pessimism are both powerful forces,and

  each of us must choose which we want to shape our outlook

  and our expectations.There are enough good and bad in 1.

  everyone’s life--ample sorrow and happiness,sufficient joy

  and pain——find a rational basis for either optimism or pessimism 2.

  We can choose to laugh and cry,bless or curse.It’s our decision: 3.

  From which perspective do we want to view life? Will we look up in

  hope or down in despair?

  I believe the upward look.I choose to highlight the positive and 4.

  slip right over the negative.I am an optimist by choice as much

  as in nature.Sure.I know that sorrow exists.I am in my 70s now, 5.

  and I have lived through rather than one crisis. But when all is said 6.

  and done.I find that the good in life far outweighs the bad.

  An optimistic attitude is not a luxury;nor it’s a necessity. 7.

  The way you look at life will determine how you feel,how you

  perform,and how well you will get along with other people.Converse, 8.

  negative thoughts,attitudes,and expectations fed on themselves; 9.

  they become a self—fulfilling prophecy. Pessimism creates a dismal

  place where no one wants to live in. 10.


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