2011年12月英语六级作文范文:考研热

The Craze of Pursuing Graduate Studies

【精彩范文】

The Craze of Pursuing Graduate Studies

Each year, millions of Chinese college students sit for qualifying examinations for graduate studies, primarily in Master’s programs. Students prepare for those examinations either through years of arduous self-education or by spending large sums of money attending local training schools. The publishing of examinations-related study materials and the training programs offered, both online and offline, have combined to form a sizable industry.

An alarming fact about this craze is that most students pursue graduate studies not out of their voluntary will. Faced with the harsh reality in the employment market, which is forever looking for graduates with higher degrees, many college graduates find going to graduate schools is a good way to avoid unemployment and to enhance one’s competitiveness in future job hunting.

However, without that voluntary initiative, most students who do enter graduate schools are not motivated. For them, the only thing that ultimately counts is the degree or the diploma which they expect could give them an upper hand against other job hunters. As to the actual substance of their graduate studies, it’s not a big deal for them, as long as it leads to that degree or diploma. It is really pathetic to see that students undertake graduate studies with an ulterior motive—not for the sake of loving what they study, but for the sake of merely landing a job, which in many cases might be unrelated to what they have studied.

The chill truth is that students soon find their anticipations are a mere dream. As so many undergraduates proceed onto graduate studies, the employment situation remains as severe as ever. Instead of bringing about apparent competitive edges, two or three years of additional academic training is simply a waste of time and energy. They need to reflect on this craze and would have been better off distinguishing themselves with outstanding knowledge and skills when they were undergraduates.

  【参考译文见下页】
  Economic Development and Environmental Protection

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  Economic Development and Environmental Protection

  Economic development and environmental protection are a pressing issue primarily for developing countries where, in trying to catch up with developed countries, they have to consume natural resources on an unprecedented scale. This has seriously polluted our environment and, with the global environmental campaign gaining momentum, many people in China call for the precedence of environmental protection over economic development.

  Any attempt to pose economic development and environmental protection as diametrically contradictory is simple-minded. Since no country is willing to stop its economic development, the best way is to strike a balance between the two and to heighten the environmental awareness of those solely concerned with economic development.

  European countries both economically developed and environmentally friendly can serve as perfect examples for China. Their success story in both undertakings illustrates that environmental protection does not mean a complete standstill of economic activities or exploitation of natural resources, but rather an active development and application of effective technologies to minimize environmental consequences. In Germany, environmental protection has become part of economic development as it boasts the world’s most successful environmental industry. With a developed economy, we are well equipped to develop sophisticated technologies that can effectively safeguard our environment.

  The relationship between economic development and environment protection is a complex one. For modern men, neither a primitive society which is perfectly ecologically friendly nor an industrial civilization which is ecologically hostile is what we want. Environmental problems arise as a result of industrialization and only technologies can deliver solutions to those problems. Rather than simply returning to the past of non-human activity, we can seek active technological solutions in solar energy and wind energy to replace fossil fuels. By the time this key contributor to environmental deterioration is eradicated, man will achieve a win-win result between economic development and environmental protection.

  【参考译文见下页】
  On the Overdependence of China’s College Students on Their Parents

  【精彩范文】

  On the Overdependence of China’s College Students on Their Parents
  In the United States, students generally seek an independent life at 18. They take on part-time jobs, live away from their parents, and finance their own education partially, if not completely. Upon graduation, they find a job, or launch their own business by filing for loans from the bank. They live in rented apartments even after marriage and buy a house only when they can afford it. This is a typical pattern how the American younger generation grows up.
  By contrast, most college students in present-day China, as the sole children of their families, take for granted their excessive dependence upon their parents. They hold their parents responsible for furnishing them with all the tuitions and living expenses. They seldom work part-time to alleviate their parents of their burdens. They have expensive dinners and birthday celebrations with their parents’ hard-earned money through months of hard work.
  In recent years, under the pretext of employment difficulty, some students return home to live with their parents after graduation. While their parents are busy at work, they idle away their time day after day, least concerned with finding a job to have their own source of income. Worse still, they exhaust every penny of their parents and even grandparents to buy an apartment for their own enjoyment. In doing so, they even plunge their parents into serious debts.
  This group of students have come to acquire an infamous name—“the Elderly-Devouring Community”. A more understandable phrase might be “parasites”. This community has come into existence as a result of long-time over-indulgence on the part of parents and the indolence and selfishness on the part of students themselves. Compared with their American counterparts, Chinese students should feel ashamed of themselves and take immediate actions to terminate their elderly-devouring behavior and become independent and self-reliant.


  【参考译文】 见下页
      2011年12月英语六级写作经典句型

  句子是构成文章的基本框架。如何写出流畅、漂亮的句子是决定整篇文章是否成功的关键。写作都是要表达你对某个事物或者事件的看法或者想法,如何采用简单有效的句子把你的文章的中心思想表达出来呢,我们可以从以下几个方面适当地改变:

  1. 句型要丰富多彩,不要使用只有主谓宾、定状补的简单句型结构,也不能总使用There be 句型。
  2. 可以尝试使用倒装句型,包括介词短语提前、时间状语提前、副词提前等。
  3. 可以尝试使用If引导的条件句、虚拟语气等。
  4. 注意连接词的灵活应用。例如表示转折的时候不要只用but,还可以用however, whereas, yet等。
  5. 可以尝试使用从句结构,包括定语从句、状语从句等。如果担心从句的正确性,考生可以采用结构相对简单的从句。
  6. 可以尝试使用并列句型,如on the one hand...on the other hand等结构。
  7. 可以尝试使用插入语结构。即在长句中将主语和谓语动词分开,然后在中间插入修饰语。修饰语可以是分词结构,也可以是介词短语等。
  8. 注意词汇的选择。尽量激发自己的思维,挖掘新鲜的词汇,不要只使用已经熟练掌握的高中词汇,要多尝试使用六级词汇。
  9. 可以尝试使用数字和大写字母来为句子增色。
  10. 针对不同的段落,句子的构成状况也可以进行相应的变化。例如文章的首段,尽量使用中等长度、结构和语法都不会出现错误的、把握性较大的句子。文章的主要部分,主题句要保证准确无误、通顺流畅。
  下面我们为广大考生提供一些可以用在文章不同段落的有针对性的、较为经典的句型:

  【针对性句型】

  1. 我深信……: I am greatly convinced (that)从句/I am greatly assured (that)从句
  【例】 我深信预防胜于治疗。=I am greatly convinced that prevention is better than cure. 2. ……是很容易证明的: It can be easily proved (that)从句
  【例】 时间最珍贵是很容易证明的。=It can be easily proved that nothing is more precious than time。
  3. ……无论如何强调都不为过: ...cannot be overemphasized
  【例】 交通安全的重要性无论如何强调都不为过。=The importance of traffic safety cannot be overemphasized。
  4. 在我看来……;我认为……: In my opinion.../To my mind.../As far as I am concerned.../I am of the opinion that从句
  【例】 在我看来,打电子游戏既花费时间又有损健康。=In my opinion, playing video games not only takes much time but also is harmful to health。
  5. 不用说……: It goes without saying that从句/Needless to say that从句/It is obvious that从句/Obviously,主语+谓语(+宾语)
  【例】 不用说,早睡早起是值得的。=It goes without saying that it pays to keep early hours。
  6. ……是不可能的;无法……: There is no+doing sth. /There is no way of+doing sth. /There is no possibility of+doing sth. /It is impossible to do sth. /It is out of the question to do sth. /No one can+do sth. /...cannot+do sth。
  【例】 不可否认,事业成功的关键在于身心健康。=There is no denying that successful business lies in a healthy body and mind。
  7. 人人知晓……/毫无疑问……: Everyone knows (that)从句/There is no doubt that从句
  【例】 毫无疑问,近视在我国的年青人中是一个严重的问题。=There is no doubt that nearsightedness is a serious problem among the youth in our country。
  8. ……是必要的: It is necessary that+主语 (+should)+谓语
  ……是重要的: It is important/essential+that 主语 (+should)+谓语
  ……是适当的: It is proper that+主语 (+should)+谓语
  ……是紧急的: It is urgent that+主语 (+should)+谓语
  【例】 我们应当保持公共场所的清洁。=It is proper that we (should) keep the public places clean。
  9. 据说……: It is said that从句
  一般认为……: It is thought that从句
  众所周知……: It is known that从句
  据报道……: It is reported that从句
  一般估计……: It is estimated that从句
  【例】 众所周知,阅读增加我们的知识,开阔我们的心胸。=It is known that reading increases our knowledge and broadens our mind。
  10. ……的主要原因是……: The main reason why...is that从句
  【例】 青少年犯罪的主要原因是社会环境逐渐恶化。=The main reason why the juveniles commit crimes is that social environment is becoming worse。
  解题技巧

  写作解题时间为30分钟,分为三步:5分钟审题和构思,20分钟写作,5分钟检查可能犯的错误。下面分步骤说明。

  第一步:审题和构思

  事实上提供给写作的时间不止30分钟。一般来说,各考场会提前5分钟左右将答题卡一发到学生手里,大一点的考场甚至可能提前10分钟发卷。这5到10分钟不允许学生作答,但考生完全可以用来做作文部分的审题和构思工作。注意审题一定要仔细,按要求写作,不得擅自改动题目,给定的提纲不得有遗漏,否则会按比例扣分。尤其注意,不要因为事先自己背过或练过哪篇相似的文章而死搬硬套。否则后果很严重。如,2008年12月六级写作真题题目是College Students’ Mental Health,提纲为

  1. 心理健康对于大学生很重要

  2. 鉴于此,学校可以……

  3. 我们自己应该……”

  而在考试之前我出过一道类似的模拟题,题目为“Psychological Problems Among College Students”, 提纲为

  1. 很多大学生有严重的心理问题

  2. 产生这些问题的原因

  3. 如何解决这些问题”

  可以看出,我给的提纲是按照比较规矩的三段论来的,即“提出问题、分析问题、解决问题”。但真题的提纲并未要求考生分析问题,反倒有两段要写解决问题。有的考生因为看过或背过模拟题的范文,就直接照搬,导致了失分。

  另外,构思不是打草稿。并不建议学生练习写作时养成打草稿的习惯。因为考场上时间有限,打完草稿再誊写很可能来不及。另外,更重要的原因是考场上不发草稿纸,一般也不允许往里带纸,难以找到打草稿的地方。考生只要花三五分钟做一下构思即可,即想象一下每段大致写什么,可以记几个关键词(比如在准考证空白的地方)提示自己,在接下来的二十分钟里面按照这几个关键词提示的内容扩展就行。一般来说,要求不少于150词的文章最好写到180到200词,就句子数目来说,如果分三段,每段也就三到五句话,平均四句一段。那么整篇文章大约10个关键词就可以做好构思。以2009年6月六级写作真题为例。

  Directions: For this part you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled On the Importance of a Name. You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below.

  1. 有人说名字(或名称)很重要

  2. 也有人觉得名字(或名称)无关紧要

  3. 我认为……

  构思第一段时,想到可以来一句铺垫的话,如“名字重不重要是个有争议的话题”,可以写下controversial或topic,作为关键词;下一句是“有人说名字(或名称)很重要”,可以先写下important。再往后想两条理由或例证即可。理由如“好名字容易被记住,因而可以给人来更多机会”(关键词remember或opportunity),和“按照传统理论起的名字可能会对人起到暗中庇护的作用”(关键词tradition或shelter);例证如“有人认为毛泽东伟大是因为名字就大气,Bill Gates有钱是因为他的名字可以表示钞票,姓表示很多大门,很多大门都来钱,所以有钱”。第二、三段情同此理。其实第一段想好了,后两段也就容易了。比如第二段可以将第一段的理由或例证反过来用,第三段可以总结或折中一下。字数还是比较容易写够的。
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