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11.A) Dr. Smith's waiting room isn't tidy. B) Dr. Smith enjoys reading magazines.
C) Dr. Smith has left a good impression on her. D) Dr. Smith may not be a good choice.
12. A) The man will rent the apartment when it is available.
B) The man made a bargain with the landlady over the rent.
C) The man insists on having a look at the apartment first.
D) The man is not fully satisfied with the apartment.
13. A) Packing up to go abroad. B) Brushing up on her English.
C) Drawing up a plan for her English course. D) Applying for a visa to the United States.
14. A) He is anxious to find a cure for his high blood pressure.
B) He doesn't think high blood pressure is a problem for him.
C) He was not aware of his illness until diagnosed with it.
D) He did not take the symptoms of his illness seriously.
15. A) To investigate the causes of AIDS. B) To raise money for AIDS patients.
C) To rally support for AIDS victims in Africa. D) To draw attention to the spread of AIDS in Asia.16. A) It has a very long history. B) It is a private institution.
C) It was founded by Thomas Jefferson. D) It stresses the comprehensive study of nature.
17. A) They can't fit into the machine. B) They have not been delivered yet.
C) They were sent to the wrong address. D) They were found to be of the wrong type.
18. A) The food served in the cafeteria usually lacks variety.
B) The cafeteria sometimes provides rare food for the students.
C) The students find the service in the cafeteria satisfactory.
D) The cafeteria tries hard to cater to the students' needs.
Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
19 .A) He picked up some apples in his yard. B) He cut some branches off the apple tree.
C) He quarreled with his neighbor over the fence. D) He cleaned up all the garbage in the woman's yard.
20. A) Trim the apple trees in her yard.
B) Pick up the apples that fell in her yard.
C) Take the garbage to the curb for her.
D) Remove the branches from her yard.
21. A) File a lawsuit against the man. B) Ask the man for compensation.
C) Have the man's apple tree cut down. D) Throw garbage into the man's yard.
22. A) He was ready to make a concession. B) He was not intimidated.
C) He was not prepared to go to court. D) He was a bit concerned.

Questions 23 to 25are based on the conversation you have just heard.

23. A) Bad weather. B) Human error.
C) Breakdown of the engines.
D) Failure of the communications system.

24. A) Two thousand feet. B) Twelve thousand feet.
C) Twenty thousand feet. D) Twenty-two thousand feet.

25. A) Accurate communication is of utmost importance.
B) pilots should be able to speak several foreign languages.
C) Air controllers should keep a close watch on the weather.
D) Cooperation between pilots and air controllers is essential.
Section B

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

Passage One

Questions 26 to 29 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

26. A) His father caught a serious disease. B) His mother passed away.  

C) His mother left him to marry a rich businessman. D) His father took to drinking.

27. A) He disliked being disciplined. B) He was expelled by the university. C) He couldn't pay his gambling debts. D) He enjoyed working for a magazine.

28. A) His poems are heavily influenced by French writers.
B) His stories are mainly set in the State of Virginia.
C) His work is difficult to read.
D) His language is not refined.

29. A) He grieved to death over the loss of his wife.
B) He committed suicide for unknown reasons.
C) He was shot dead at the age of 40.
D) He died of heavy drinking.



Questions 30 to 32 are based on the passage you have just heard.

30. A) Women. B) Prisoners. C) Manual workers. D) School age children.

31. A) He taught his students how to pronounce the letters first.
B) He matched the letters with the sounds familiar to the learners.
C) He showed the learners how to combine the letters into simple words.
D) He divided the letters into groups according to the way they are written.

32. A) It Can help people to become literate within a short time.
B) It was originally designed for teaching the English language.
C) It enables the learners to master a language within three months.
D) It is effective in teaching any alphabetical language to Brazilians.

Passage Three

Questions 33 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.

33. A) The crop's blooming period is delayed. B) The roots of crops are cut off.
C) The topsoil is seriously damaged. D)The growth of weeds is accelerated.

34. A) It's a new way of applying chemical fertilizer.
B) It's an improved method of harvesting crops.
C) It's a creative technique for saving labor.
D) It's a farming process limiting the use of ploughs.

35. A) In areas with few weeds and unwanted plants.
B) In areas with a severe shortage of water.
C) In areas lacking in chemical fertilizer.
D) In areas dependent on imported food.

Section C

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

Adults are getting smarter about how smart babies are. Not long ago, researchers learned that 4-day-oldscould understand (36)____ and subtraction. Now, British research (37)____Graham Schafer has discovered that infant scan learn words for uncommon things long before they can speak. He found that 9-month-old infants could be taught, through repeated show-and-tell, to (38)_______the names of objects that were foreign to them, a result that(39)________in some ways the received (40)______that, apart from learning to (41)______things common to theirdaily lives, children don't begin to build vocabulary until well into their second year. "It's no (42)______that children learn words, but the words they tend to know are words linked to (43)_________situations in the home," explains Schafer." 44)__________________________with an unfamiliar voice giving instructions in an unfamiliar setting." Figuring out how humans acquire language may shed light on why some children learn to read and write later than others, Schafer says, and could lead to better treatments for developmental problems. (45)__________________. "Language is a test case for human cognitive development," says Schafer. But parents eager to teach their infants should take note: (46)_________________________ . "This is not about advancing development," he says. "It's justabout what children can do at an earlier age than what educators have often thought."
[答案见下页]
  How to Improve Students’ Mental Health

  1.大学生心理健康很重要

  2.为此,学校可以••••••

  3.我们自己应该••••••

引用
  In modern society, people are destined to cope with a lot of pressure, from either outer world or inner will. The cases of suicide in campus in recent years fully reveal the importance of mental health.

  As a consequence, it is imperative for the colleges and universities to take effective actions. In the first place, the authorities concerned should enhance the awareness of college students that mental fitness is of utmost significance to them. It is true that physical factors affect one’s health conditions a great deal, but at the same time, we should not neglect the mental factors. In the second place, the universities should frequently enlighten the juvenile to keep optimistic in their daily life.

  Hence, it is vital for us to keep mental health under whatsoever circumstances. All of us have experienced failures. However, some with self-confidence may draw lessons from failure and achieve success, while others are desperately frustrated. When most people are aware of the significance of physical health, we must also remind them of the value of mental health.

2008年12月英语六级A卷答案

[不指定 08/12/21 12:16 | by admin ]
How to improve student's mental health
1、 大学生的心理健康十分重要
2、 因此,学校可以......
3、 我们自己应当......

Students' mental health has been playing an increasingly important role in our day-to-day life. Indeed, it is widely accepted that it has gained growing popularity among persons in all walks of life. There is a general discussion today about the issue of disorder in brains.

Obviously, it is necessary that effective actions should be taken to prevent problems. Authorities in universities play a critical role in the situation. To begin with, schools, such as colleges or universities, can provide chances for the young men to ease their attention. What's more, some are physically strong, but psychological problems are able to bring potential threats. Teaches may have a chance to find them in advance. Besides, specialists in this field are to be required to make full preparation for cases in time. Facing the crisis, experts can deal with it in a professional way, which means they have more or better opportunities to save us than others. (学校)

From the factors mentioned above, we may safely draw the conclusion that we can free ourselves from mental illness by taking certain precautions. For example, if you have pains or puzzles in mind, finding a friend to express these is a good way to release pressure. Certainly, there is little doubt that further attention will be paid to the issue.(我们)

【快速阅读】

1. C. New explanations for the obesity epidemic.
2. A. gained the least weight
3. B. it causes sleep loss
4. D. It contributes to our weight gain.
5. C. It suppresses their appetite.
6. D. Those who quit smoking.
7. B. the rising proportion of minorities in its population
8. unclear
9. family size
10. partly genetic

【听力】

11.   A)    He is quite easy to recognize.
12.   C)    Continue her dancing class.
13.   D)   The woman may not have followed the doctor’s instructions.
14.   C)    They no longer suit his eyesight.
15.   D)   He rushed out of the bath to answer the phone.
16.   D)   Assembling the bookcase.
17.   A)    Urge Jenny to spend more time on study.
18.   C)    The local people feel insecure about the dam.
19.   B)    Its production and sales reached record levels.
20.   A)    They cost less.
21.   C)    It is bound to revive.
22.   A)    Organising protests.
23.   C)    Anti-nuclear campaigns.
24.   A)    By harassing them.
25.   D)   Supportive.
26.   B)    The air pressure is low.
27.   C)    People knew long ago how to predict the weather.
28.   B)    People can predict the weather by their senses.
29.   D)   They feel burdened with numerous tasks every day.
30.   B)    Draw a detailed to-do list.
31.   A)    They have accomplished little.
32.   A)    Their performance may improve.
33.   B)    Increased susceptibility to disease.
34.   D)   Pay more attention to bodily sensations.
35.   C)    The relationship between stress and illness.
36    appearance
37    symbol
38    decades
39    exported
40    apparent
41    percentage
42    combination
43    convenient
44    Our air quality now suffers from the effects of pollutants emitted directly from our cars.
45    The problems caused by motorized vehicles in the West are often magnified in developing nations.
46    Movement in some cities comes to a virtual standstill as motorized traffic competes with bicycles and pedestrians.

【阅读理解】

简短回答问题
47. lighter and more absorbent
48. the potential in the U.S.
49. established athletic footwear industry
50. informally
51. The team spirit and shared values of the athletes

仔细阅读
52. B. By its sustainability
53. D. the decrease of brodiversity
54. C. They are not necessarily sustainable.
55. A. It will go through radical changes.
56. D. To urge people to rethink what sustainable agriculture is.

57. A. They were of inferior races.
58. B. They can do just as well as their predecessors.
59. D. They may forever remain poor and underachieving.
60. C. Prevent them from being marginalized.
61. B. how to help immigrants to better fit into American society.

【完型和翻译】

62 C results
63 A services
64 D from
65 C due
66 B owners
67 D grants
68 C unique
69 B permission
70 A except
71 C original
72 D distribute
73 B length
74 A plus
75 C distinguish
76 B but
77 A identical
78 C popularity
79 D Upon
80 B renewed
81 A long
82 He designed the first suspension bridge, which combined beauty and function perfectly.(把完美与功能完美地结合起来)
83 It was very dark, but Mary seemed to know which way to take by instinct.(本能地知道该走哪条路)
84 I don't think it advisable that parents deprive their children of freedom (剥夺孩子们的自由)to spend their spare time as they wish.
85 Older adults who have a high level of daily activities have more energy and a lower death rate compared with those who don't. (与不那么活跃的人相比死亡率要低)
86 Your resume should attract a would-be boss's attention by demonstrating why you are the best candidate for a certain position. (为什么你是某个职位的最佳人选)

英语六级710分制换算表

[不指定 08/12/21 11:16 | by admin ]
英语六级710分换算表

四、六级考试的标准分计算方法
考试标准分 = 各部分单项成绩之和

第一部分,听力得分与标准分的换算方法:标准分数(142~58) = 得分×10×0.2
答对 答错 得分
20 0 71
19 1 67
18 2 63
17 3 60
16 4 57
15 5 54
14 6 51
13 7 48
12 8 46
11 9 44
10 10 42
9 11 40
8 12 38
7 13 36
6 14 35
5 15 34
4 16 33
3 17 32
2 18 31
1 19 30
0 20 29

section II: 阅读换算:分数(284~116)= 得分×10×0.4

答对 答错 得分 答对 答错 得分 答对 答错 得分
答对 答错 得分
答对 答错 得分
20 0 71
19 1 67
18 2 63
17 3 60
16 4 57
15 5 54
14 6 51
13 7 48
12 8 46
11 9 44
10 10 42
9 11 40
8 12 38
7 13 36
6 14 35
5 15 34
4 16 33
3 17 32
2 18 31
1 19 30
0 20 29

section III: 词汇:分数(106.5~43.5)= 得分×10×0.15

这份我都不明白为什么会这样....
答对 答错 得分
30 0 71
29 1
28 2
27 3
26 4
25 5
24 6
23
21
20 0 71
19 1 67
18 2 63
17 3 60
16 4 57
15 5 54
14 6 51
13 7 48
12 8 46
11 9 44
10 10 42
9 11 40
8 12 38
7 13 36
6 14 35
5 15 34
4 16 3
3 17 32
2 18 31
1 19 30
0 20 29

section IV: 完形换算:分数(71~29)= 得分×10×0.1

答对 答错 得分
20 0 71
19 1 67
18 2 63
17 3 60
16 4 57
15 5 54
14 6 51
13 7 48
12 8 46
11 9 44
10 10 42
9 11 40
8 12 38
7 13 36
6 14 33
5 15 34
4 16 33
3 17 32
2 18 31
1 19 30
0 20 29

section V: 写作换算:分数(106.5~43.5)= 得分×10×0.15

答对 答错 得分 答对 答错 得分
15 0 71 6 9 42
14 1 67 5 10 39
13 2 63 4 11 37
12 3 60 3 12 35
11 4 57 2 13 33
10 5 54 1 14 31
9 6 51 0 15 29
8 7 48
7 8 45

AB卷所选的答案是一样,大家可以对一下所选的选项。
Part I writing (30 minutes)

注意:此部分试题在答题卡1

Part II Reading Comprehension (Skimming and scanning) (15 minutes)

Supersize surprise

Ask anyone why there is an obesity epidemicand they will tell you that it’s al down to eating too much and burning too fewcalories. That explanation appeals to common sense and has dominated efforts toget to the root of the obesity epidemic and reverse it/ yet obesity researchersare increasingly dissatisfied with it. Many now believe that something elsemust have changed in our environment to precipitate(促成) such dramatic rises in obesityover the past 40 years or so. Nobody is saying that the “big two” – reducedphysical activity and increased availability of food – are not importantcontributors to the epidemic, but they cannot explain it all.

Earlier this year a review paper by 20obesity experts set out the 7 most plausible alternative explanations for theepidemic. Here they are.

1.      Not enough sleep

It is widely believed that sleep is for thebrain, not the body. Could a shortage of shut-eye also be helping to make usfat?

Several large-scale studies suggest theremay be a link. People who sleep less than 7 hours a night tend to have a higherbody mass index than people who sleep more, according to data gathered by theUS National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Similarly, the US Nurses’Health Study, which tracked 68,000 women for 16 years, found that those whoslept an average of 5 hours a night gained more weight during the study periodthan women who slept 6 hours, who in turn gained more than whose who slept 7.

It’s well known that obesity impairs sleep,so perhaps people get fat first and sleep less afterwards. But the nurses’study suggests that it can work in the other direction too: sleep loss mayprecipitate weight gain.

Although getting figures is difficult, itappears that we really are sleeping less. In 1960 people in the USslept an average of 8.5 hours per night. A 2002 poll by the National SleepFoundation suggests that the average has fallen to under 7 hours, and thedecline is mirrored by the increase in obesity.

2.      Climate control

We humans, like all warm-blooded animals,can keep our core body temperatures pretty much constant regardless of what’sgoing on in the world around us. We do this by altering our metabolic(新陈代新的) rate, shivering or sweating. Keepingwarm and staying cool take energy unless we are in the “thermo-neutral zone”,which is increasingly where we choose to live and work.

There is no denying that ambienttemperatures(环境温度) havechanged in the past few decades. Between 1970 and 2000, the average Britishhome warmed from a chilly 13C to 18C. In the US, the changes have been at theother end of the thermometer as the proportion of homes with air conditioningsrose from 23% to 47% between 1978 and 1997. In the southern states – whereobesity rates tend to be highest – the number of houses with air conditioninghas shot up to 71% from 37% in 1978.

Could air conditioning in summer and heating in winter really make adifference to our weight?

Sadlythere is some evidence that it does-at least with regard to heating.Studies show that in comfortable temperatures we use less energy.

3.Less smoking

  Badnews: smokers really do tend to be thinner than the rest of us,and quittingreally does pack on the pounds, though no one isn sure why. It probably hassomething to do with the fact that nicotine is an appetite suppressant andappears to up your metabolic rate.

Katherine Flegal and colleagres at the US National Center for HealthStatistics in Hyattsville,Maryland, have calculated that people kicking thehabit have been respousible for a small but significant portion of the USepidemic of fatness.From data collected aroud 1991 by the US National Healthand Nutrition Examination Survey,they worked out that people who had quit inthe previous decade were much more likely to be overweight than smokers andpeople who had never smoked .Among men, for example, nearly half of quitterswere overweight compared with 37% of non-smokers and only 28%of smokers.

4. Genetic effects

Yours chances of becoming fat may be set,at least in part,before youwere even born.children of boese mothers are much more likely to become obestthemselves later in life.Offspring of mice fed a high-fat diet during pregnancyare much more likely to become fat than the offspring of identical mice fed anormal diet. Intriguingly,the effect persists for two or threegenerations.Grand-children of mice fed a high-fat diet grow up fat even iftheir own mother is fed normally-so you fate may have been sealed even beforeyou were conceived.

5.A little older…

  Somegroups of people just happen to be fatter than others.surveys carried out bythe US national center for health statisties found that adults aged 40 to 79were around three times as likely to be obese as younger people.non-whitefemales also tend to fall at the fatter end of the spectreum:Mexican-americanwomen are 30% more likely than white women to be obsess,and black women havetwice the risk.

   Inthe US,these groups account for an increasing percentage of thepopulation.between 1970 and 2000 the US population aged 35 to 44 grew by43%.the proportion of Hispanic-americans also grew,from under 5% to 12.5% ofthe population,while the proportion of black Americans increased from 11% to12.3%.these changes may account in part for the increased prevalence ofobesity.

6.mature mums

   Mothersaround the world are getting older.in the UK,themean age for aving a frist child is 27.3,compared with 23.7 in 1970 .mean age at frist birth in the US hasalso increased, rising from 21.4 in 1970 to 24.9 in 2000.

   Thiswould be neither here nor there if it were’t for the observation that having anolder mother seems to be an independent risk factor for obesity. Results fromthe USnational heart,lung and blood institute’s study found that the odds of a childbeing obese increase 14% for every five extra years of their mother’s age ,though why this should be so is not entirely clear.

    MichaelSymonds at the university of Nottingham,UK,found that first-bron childrenhave more fat than younger ones. As family size decreases, firstbrons accountfor a greather share of the population. In 1964, british women gave birth to anaverage of 2.95 children;by 2005 that figure had fallen to 1.79. in the US in1976, 9.6% of woman in their 40s had only one chile;in 2004 it was 17.4%. thiscombination of older mothers and more single children could be contributing tothe obesity epidemic.

7.Like marrying like

Just as people pair off according to looks, so they do for size. Leanpeople are more likely to marry lean an d fat more likely to marry fat. On its own,like marrying like cannot account for any increase in obesity. But combinedwith others- particularly the fact that obesity is partly genetic, and thatheavier people have more children-it amplifies the increase form other causes.

1. A)effects of obesity on people’s health

  B)the link between lifestyle an obesity

   C)New explanations forthe obesity epidemic

  D)possible ways to combat the obesity epidemic

2. A)gained theleast weight

  B)were inclined to eat less

  C)found their vigor enhanced

  D)were less susceptible to illness

3. A)it makes us sleepy

   B)it causes sleep loss

  C)it increases our appetite

  D)it results from lack of sleep

4. A)it makes us stay indoors more

  B)it accelerates our metabolic rate

  C)it makes us feel more energetic

   D)it contributes to our weight gain

5. A)it threatens their health

  B)it heightens their spirits

   C)it suppresses their appetite

   D)itslows down their metabolism

6. A)heavy smokers

  B)passive smokers

  C)those who never smoke

   D)those who quit smoking

7. A)the growing number of smokers amongyoung people

   B)the rising proportion of minorities in its population

  C)the increasing consumption of high-calorie foods

  D)the improving living standards of the poor people

8.according to the US National Heart, Lungand Blood Institute, the reason why older mothers’ children tend to be obeseremains not entirely clear

9.According to Michael Symonds, one factorcontributing to the obesity epidemic is decrease of familysize

10 when two heavy people get married,chances of their children getting fat increase, because obesity is party genetiz

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