2011年6月英语六级完形填空训练(4)

  A great deal of attention is being paid today to the so-called digital divide--the division of the world into the info(information) rich and the info poor. And that __1__ does exist today. My wife and I lectured about this looming danger twenty years ago. What was less __2__ then, however, were the new, positive __3__ that work against the digital divide. __4__,there are reasons to be __5__.

  There are technological reasons to hope the digital divide will narrow. As the Internet becomes more and more __6__, it is in the interest of business to universalize access-after all, the more people online, the more potential __7__ there are. More and more __8__, afraid their countries will be left __9__, want to spread Internet access. Within the next decade or two, one to two billion people on the planet will be __10__ together. As a result, I now believe the digital divide will __11__ rather than widen in the years ahead. And that is very good news because the Internet may well be the most powerful tool for __12__ world poverty that we've ever had.

  Of course, the use of the Internet isn't the only way to __13__ poverty. And the Internet is not the only tool we have. But it has __14__ potential.

  To __15__ advantage of this tool, some poor countries will have to get over their outdated anti-colonial prejudices __16__ respect to foreign investment. Countries that still think foreign investment is a/an __17__ of their sovereignty might well study the history of __18__ (the basic structural foundations of a society) in the United States. When the United States built its industrial infrastructure, it didn't have the capital to do so. And that is __19__ America's Second Wave infrastructure-__20__ roads, harbors, highways, ports and so on-were built with foreign investment.

  1. A) divide B) information C) world D) lecture

  2. A) obscure B) visible C) invisible D) indistinct

  3. A) forces B) obstacles C) events D) surprises

  4. A) Seriously B) Entirely C) Actually D) Continuously

  5. A) negative B) optimistic C) pleasant D) disappointed

  6. A) developed B) centralized C) realized D) commercialized

  7. A) users B) producers C) customers D) citizens

  8. A) enterprises B) governments C) officials D) customers

  9. A) away B) for C) aside D) behind

  10. A) netted B) worked C) put D) organized

  11. A) decrease B) narrow C) neglect D) low

  12. A) containing B) preventing C) keeping D) combating

  13. A) win B) detail C) defeat D) fear

  14. A) enormous B) countless C) numerical D) big

  15. A) bring B) keep C) hold D) take

  16. A) at B) with C) of D) for

  17. A) offence B) investment C) invasion D) insult

  18. A) construction B) facility C) infrastructure D) institution

  19. A) why B) where C) when D) how

  20. A) concerning B) concluding C) according D) including

【答案见下页】
2011年6月英语六级完形填空训练(3)

  Have you ever wondered what our future is like?Practically all people _1_ a desire to predict their future _2_.Most people seem inclined to _3_ this task using causal reasoning.First we _4_ recognize that future circumstances are _5_ caused or conditioned by present ones.We learn that getting an education will _6_ how much money we earn later and that swimming beyond the reef may bring an unhappy _7_ with a shark.Second,people also learn that such _8_ of cause and effect are probabilistic(可能的) in nature.That is,the effects occur more often when the causes occur than when the causes are _9_, but not always.Thus,students learn that studying hard _10_ good grades in most instances,but not every time.Science makes these concepts of causality and probability more _11_ and provides techniques for dealing _12_ then more accurately than does causal human inquiry.In looking at ordinary human inquiry,we need to _13_ between prediction and understanding.Often,even if we don't understand why,we are willing to act _14_ the basis of a demonstrated predictive ability.Whatever the primitive drives _15_ motivate human beings,satisfying them depends heavily on the ability to_16_future circumstances.The attempt to predict is often played in a _17_ of knowledge and understanding.If you can understand why certain regular patterns _18_,you can predict better than if you simply observe those patterns.Thus,human inquiry aims _19_ answering both "what" and "why" question,and we pursue these _20_ by observing and figuring out.

  1. [A]exhibit [B]exaggerate [C]examine [D]exceed

  2. [A]contexts [B]circumstances [C]inspections [D]intuitions

  3.[A]underestimate [B]undermine [C]undertake [D]undergo

  4. [A]specially [B]particularly [C]always [D]generally

  5. [A]somehow [B]somebody [C]someone [D]something

  6. [A]enact [B]affect [C]reflect [D]inflect

  7. [A]meeting [B]occurrence [C]encounter [D]contact

  8. [A]patterns [B]designs [C]arrangements[D]pictures

  9. [A]disappointde [B]absent [C]inadequate [D]absolute

  10.[A]creates [B]produces [C]loses [D]protects

  11.[A]obscure [B]indistinct [C]explicit [D]explosive

  12.[A]for [B]at [C]in [D]with

  13.[A]distinguish [B]distinct [C]distort [D]distract

  14.[A]at [B]on [C]to [D]under

  15.[A]why [B]how [C]that [D]where

  16.[A]predict [B]produce [C]pretend [D]precede

  17.[A]content [B]contact [C]contest [D]context

  18.[A]happen [B]occur [C]occupy [D]incur

  19.[A]at [B]on [C]to [D]beyond

  20.[A]purposes [B]ambitions [C]drives [D]goals


【答案见下页】
    距离2011年6月18日的英语六级考试还有7天时间,对于很多人来说,完型填空一是所占分较小,二是最后阶段冲刺不容易拿分的题型,所以很多同学都比较头疼,往往在复习的最后阶段就放弃了。

   一:判断选项中单词常用语境,根据上文意思选择最适合的选项。

  在考试的时候,当你发现这四个单词你都认识,你可以回忆一下在你初中或者是高中阶段,我们学过这单词,一般情况下用于哪种句型当中,会用在哪种场景当中。你可以通过这样一种基本的场景来判断这个词所使用的角度。比如说平时我们都知道a good idea!很少会有人用a good thought!idea和thought都是想法的意思,你可以根据常规的想法来想,idea会更适合一些,因此说第一就是根据我们常说的一些固定感来确定这单词所使用的方向。

  二:语句表达一定符合中国人的逻辑表达方式,注意单词最基本的中文含义。

  就是大家要清楚由于我们的完形填空文章是来自国外的杂志,但是出题人是中国人,因此说它的表达一定符合中国人的逻辑表达方式,所以当你把这四个单词放进去的时候,比如说四个单词,安静,平静,镇静和宁静。它们都是什么静,但是中国人的语言表达永远都有自己的特色。比方说我们会说这是一个宁静的小山村,我们一般很少说这是一个镇静的小山村,平静的小山村。虽然平静也符合语言规范,但是它不符合中国人的逻辑表达。所以大家平时在做词汇辨析的时候,看看哪个词的中文意思更符合中国人的逻辑表达。所以说这就是我们的第二点,注意这个单词最基本的中文含义。

  三:学会借助上下文逻辑关系,判断最佳选项。

  因为老外的文章每个句子之间都有逻辑关系,所以可以根据后面或者前面的句子来看它前后表达的意思是什么来选择,甚至会出现原文复现。中国甚至很忌讳一篇文章里同一个单词表述两到三遍,会觉得这样比较啰嗦,比较累赘。但老外写文章,因为他有一个前后呼应的概念,他经常会在前面一个句子或者后面一个句子出现相类似的单词。

  所以大家在做完形的时候,不要光盯着这句话看,应该多看看前面或者后面的句子,可能会有一些提示,这样也会帮助我们做到这一点。

  词汇辨析主要是从几个角度讲,第一个角度就是看到我们常用的语境,第二就是要符合中国人的逻辑表达,第三就是借助前后句子的逻辑关系。
2011年6月英语六级完形填空训练(2)

  Most people would be 67 by the high quality of medicine 68 to most Americans. There is a lot of specialization, a great deal of 69 to the individual, a 70 amount of advanced technical equipment, and 71 effort not to make mistakes because of the financial risk which doctors and hospitals must 72 in the courts if they 73 things badly.
  But the Americans are in a mess. The problem is the way in 74 health care is organized and 75 . 76 to public belief it is not just a free competition system. The private system has been joined a large public system, because private care was simply not 77 the less fortunate and the elderly.
  But even with this huge public part of the system, 78 this year will eat up 84.5 billion dollars—more than 10 per cent of the U.S. budget—large numbers of Americans are left 79 . These include about half the 11 million unemployed and those who fail to meet the strict limits 80 income fixed by a government trying to make savings where it can.
  The basic problem, however, is that there is no central control 81 the health system. There is no 82 to what doctors and hospitals charge for their services, other than what the public is able to pay. The number of doctors has shot up and prices have climbed. When faced with toothache, a sick child, or a heart attack, all the unfortunate person concerned can do is 83 up.
  Two-thirds of the population 84 covered by medical insurance. Doctors charge as much as they want 85 that the insurance company will pay the bill.
  The rising cost of medicine in the U.S. is among the most worrying problems facing the country. In 1981 the country's health bill climbed 15.9 per cent—about twice as fast as prices 86 general.


  67. A compressed B impressed C obsessed D repressed
  68. A available B attainable C achievable D amenable
  69. A extension B retention C attention D exertion
  70. A countless B titanic C broad D vast
  71. A intensive B absorbed C intense D concentrated
  72. A run into B come into C face D defy
  73. A treat B deal C maneuver D handle
  74. A which B that C what D when
  75. A to finance B financed C the finance D to be financed
  76. A Contrary B Opposed C Averse D Objected
  77. A looking for B looking into C looking after D looking over
  78. A which B what C that D it
  79. A over B out C off D away
  80. A for B in C with D on
  81. A over B on C under D behind
  82. A boundary B restriction C confinement D limit
  83. A to pay B paying C to be paid D to have paid
  84. A is being B are C have been D is
  85. A knowing B to know C they know D known
  86. A in B with C on D for

【答案见下页】
  疑问一:对于完形填空,我基本上是放弃的,我根本就不知道完型到底怎么复习,完型填空到底考什么?

  考试大纲明确提到“完型填空部分的目的是测试学生综合运用语言的能力”,也即理解篇章和使用词汇和语法的能力。大学英语(论坛)四六级考试采用的完型填空题是:“在一篇题材熟悉、难度适中的短文(约200-250词)内留有20个空白,每个空白为一题,每题有四个选择项,要求考生在全面理解内容的基础上选择一个最佳答案,使短文的意识和结构恢复完整”,要求考生在15分钟内填完这20个空。所以完型考的就是考生的“理解篇章和使用词汇和语法的能力”。

  疑问二:完型在解题前有必要通读全文吗?但感觉挺费时间的。如果我直接解题可以吗?

  英语六级考试中的完形填空不仅测试应试者在词汇和句子水平上运用语言的能力,还测试应试者在语篇上综合运用语言结构的能力。完形填空中所填的词是与文章的上下文紧密联系的。因此,要做好完形填空,必须要在通读全文。

  疑问三:在考场上,我应该如何做完形填空呢?也就是解题的步骤是什么?

  根据完型填空测试的特点和目的,我建议可以这样安排解题步骤。

  第一步:考生可以通读原文,了解文章大意

  第二步:考生在通读全文后,应以句子为单位,细读文章、初选答案

  第三步:初选答案后,考生可以回头补缺、再次检查答案

  最后建议大家,如果有某道难题一时做不出来,应立刻跳过此题,继续往下做,不要在某一题上花费大量的时间,提高解题效率。

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