Error Correction (15 minutes)

Time spent in a bookstore can be enjoyable, if --71.

you are a book-lover or merely there to buy a book a

present. You may even have entered the shop

just to find shelters away a sudden shower. --72.

Whatever the reasons, you can soon become totally

unaware of your surroundings. The desire to pick

up a book with an attractive dust jacket is

irresistible, even this method of selection ought --73.

not to be followed, as you might end up with a

rather bored book. You soon become engrossed in --74.

some book or other, and usually it is only much

later that you realise you have spent far much --75.

time there and must dash off to keep some forgotten

appointment -- without buying a book, of course.

This opportunity to escape the realities of

everyday life is, I think, the main attraction of a

bookshop. There are not many places where it is

impossible to do this. A music shop is very much --76.

like a bookshop. You can wander round such places

to your heart's content. If it is a good shop, no

assistant will approach to you with the inevitable --77.

greeting: "Can I help you, Sir?" You needn't buy

anything if you don't want. In a bookshop an

assistant should remain the background until you --78.

have finished browsing. Then, only then, are his

services necessary. Of course, you may want to

find out where a particular section is, since when he --79.

has led you there, the assistant should retire

discreetly and look as he is not interested in --80.

selling a single book.【答案见下页】
Error Correction (15 minutes)

Most studies suggest that when women and men do the

same job and have the experience, pay rates tend to be

similar. Most of the dollar differences stem from fact that        -------71.

women tend to be more recently employed and have more       -------72.

years on the job. Whether women who have started a career

will attain pay equality with men rest on at least two factors.        -------73.

First, will most of them continue part time at their jobs after       -------74.

they have children? A break in their employment, or a decision       -------75.

to work part time, will slow its raises and promotions

because it would for men. Second, will male-dominated       -------76.

companies elevate women to higher-paid jobs at the different       -------77.

rate as they elevate men? On some fields, this had clearly not       -------78.

happened. Many men, for example, have committed their       -------79.

lives to teaching careers, yet relative few have become        -------80.

principals or headmasters.【答案见下页】
英语六级短文改错常见七大错误

      一、动词

  二、连词

  三、平行结构

  四、代词

  五、语义矛盾

  六、词性

  七、固定搭配


  以下列出常见错误公式,请借此举一反三,加以理解常见错误规律:

  一、动词:

  – 谓语动词:时态,语态,主谓一致

  · 时态:

  – do----did

  – did----do

  · 语态:

  – 被动语态:be + v-ed + by(of/with...)

  eg....the countries which threatened by...(05年)

  ·主谓一致:n. + (prep. + n.) + v

  – 非谓语动词:

  – doing----done

  二、连词:

  – 三大从句:

  ·定语从句:...,that + 从句----which/who

  ...prep + that/who + 从句----which/whom

  ·名词性从句:that - what

  · 状语从句:S + even/just + S

  · 平行结构:

  – do, do, and doing

  – prep + do and doing

  – N, like N-s, N-s...

  三、代词:

  it----they/them

  its----their

  · 语义矛盾:

  acceptance----rejection

  ·词性:adj-adv,adv-adj 
改错的形式有三种:

错词>=6个,漏词,多词<=4个

错误类型:

1、名词:单复数用错,可数不可数的混用,大多数改错常有此类错误。
On the way up I was busy taking picture since the scenery was so beautiful.

2、冠词:定冠词the及不定冠词的多余和缺失
As everyone knows, it’s famous mountain with all kinds of plants and animals.

3、动词:时态和全文一致;小心被动语态;多个动词同时出现时,考虑用非谓
Soon I began to enjoy talk to myself on paper as I was learning to express me in simple English.

4、主谓一致:非谓语动词做主语,动词应该为单数;并列名词做主语,动词用复数;小心就近一致
Now my picture and the prize is hanging in the library.

5、形容词,副词:形容词和副词词性的混用;
I would describe myself as shy and quietly.

6、介词:多余,缺失或错用,根据上下文做调整,更多靠平时积累的固定搭配
We must keep in mind that we play for the team instead ourselves.

7、连词: 上下文逻辑关系

8、代词:人称代词前后指代不一致;反身代词和人称代词的误用;关系代词的误用that, what等
I was learning to express me in simple English.

9、并列的平行结构:both…and…, not only… but also, prefer to do rather than do

10、固定搭配

方法:

    在做改错题时,首先要通读短文,对文章有最基本的了解之后,以行为单位逐词寻找以上提到的错误类型。
鉴于动词出错的频率较高,并且在句中起到举足轻重的作用,考生可以考虑先从动词下手寻找错我。例如每句话先看动词,马上判断时态、语态,如没有错误,可以向前寻找主语,考量主谓是否一致。因此寻找错误的顺序,可以概括为一下口诀:

3. 短文改错解题秘诀
  见到动词找主语
  动词很多想非谓
  见到名词单复数
  名词前面冠词配
  见到介词想搭配
  多漏错误不一定
  见到定状看词性
  形副词性总混用
  见到连词想逻辑
  转折因果肯否定
  见到代词找指代
  指代通常不一致
  见到平行看结构
形式功能要对称
完形填空考点

1、固定搭配:动介搭配,介名搭配等

2、词意辨析:形近词,意近词,形近意似词

It is an immensely complex______ that we take for granted.
A process B progress
C product D prospect
四个词为形近词,但从语意上看,和“complex复杂的”,搭配最恰当的只有“process过程”
B 前进,进步C 产品D 前景
Families__1__many as 10 people have had to shelter__2__a single tent and share cookstoves and bathing___3__with neighbors.
1. A like B as C so D too
2. A by B below C under D with
3. A facilities   B instruments
  C implements D appliances

Q1题纯属固定搭配;Q2 根据句意选择“在帐篷下遮蔽” Q3难度较大,近义词辨析:

B通常和乐器搭配musical instruments
C farm implements 农具
D electric appliances 家用电器
A facility: rooms, services or equipment that are provided for particular purposes 设备,设施

This point in that cycle at which you wake can ___ how you feel later.
A effect  B affect
C reflect  D perfect

3、通过形近意似的原则,可以判断答案在A,B之间,而横线之前是can,所以选动词affect
逻辑关系:转折让步,递进,对比,因果,并列(增补,转折,选择,因果),举例
转折让步词:
however, nevertheless, yet, still(然而), though, in spite of , despite,regardless of (尽管,即使)
递进词:besides, in addition, moreover, furthermore, what’s more(此外), even(甚至)
对比词:in contrast, on the contrary,  on the other hand, instead (相反)
因果词:because, since, due to, owing to, because of, therefore,consequently
并列 (增补):also, as well as (并且)
not only … but also … (不但,而且)
both … and …
neither … nor …
并列(转折):but, while
并列(选择):or, either……or……, whether……or……
并列(因果):for(因为), so(所以)
举例:for example, for instance, such as  

4、上下文意思衔接:高频原则,简单原则
For this reason, they _1_students to meet others with differing _2_ and to read widely to _3_ their understanding in many fields of study.

  1.A prompt   B provoke
     C encourage D anticipate
  2.A histories  B expression
     C interests  D curiosities
  3.A broaden  B lengthen
     C enforce   D specify

完形填空做题步骤:

1、第一遍,边阅读全文,边做出2-3个固定搭配。阅读的时候,千万不要急于看文章后每个题目的选项,应该对空格所在的上下文仔细阅读,预测可能出现的答案。如果选项中某一个与预测的答案接近或一致,那么答案十有八九是这个选项
2、了解大意之后,其余的选项方可以句子为单位,或以上下一句为背景,在词意,词性,搭配和用法上对词语进行辨析
3、遇到逻辑关系的选项,转折首选,递进其次
4、留意横线之前的and, 小心前后呼应,借用相似相反相近原则

_1_ overnight, scores of tent villages bloomed _2_ the region, tended by international aid organizations, military _3_ and aid groups working day and night to shelter the survivors before winter set _4_.
Mercifully, the season was mild. But with the _5__ of spring, the refugees will be moved again.
   1.A altogether B almost
      C scarcely  D surely
   2.A among   B above
  C amid    D across  
   3.A ranks    B equipment
        C personnel D installations
   4.A out      B in
     C on      D forth
   5.A falling   B emergence
      C arrival   D appearing
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