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  全国大学英语四、六级考试委员会
Part Ⅰ        Writing            (30 minutes)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled The Impact of the Internet on Interpersonal Communication. Your essay should start with a brief description of the picture. You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.

作文标准版

The Impact of the Internet on Interpersonal Communication

As is described in the picture, a father asks her daughter how her school today goes on. Instead of answering directly, the daughter tells her father to read her blog. It is common that youngsters nowadays incline to communicate with others on internet increasingly, and lack communication with people around them. With the development of Internet, it has influenced our society to a large extent, especially interpersonal communication.



To begin with, we can communicate with others anytime via internet. Otherwise, we would have to arrange our schedules strictly in advance. Also, interpersonal communication through the internet is not restricted by space. For example, in most multinational corporations, instant messages and video conferences help colleagues solve problems timely and efficiently. Last but not least, the internet can greatly speed up our interpersonal communication. Whereas, there are also disadvantages that the internet brings to us. More and more people complained that they have lost face-to-face communicating skills. As a result, people become more and more indifferent to each other in real life. Some netizens who are immersed in virtual world even have difficulty in making friends in reality.



In conclusion, communication through the internet could bring us both convenience and inconvenience. We should strike a balance between them and make the best of the internet.



【解析】

这次的六级写作是请考生谈谈网络对人际交流的影响。这个话题本身已是日常生活的热点,考生并不陌生,有话可说。



文章的展开还是同过去的议论文写作一致。仍然可以用引入、阐释有何影响和自己的观点这样的三段式进行写作。在行文时,注意文章的层次和逻辑梳理,在谈具体影响时,可适当进行对比论证,论证网络出现和没有网络时,人际交流的差异,也可进行结合自身经历进行举例论证。



本篇范文在句式上,长短搭配,形式多变。从句、非谓语动词等多种表达方式,值得借鉴。同时,用词同样注意多样化,对网络相关词汇的多种表达(web, cyber, instant message, video conference等),考生同样应在平时注意归类、积累。

作文高分版

The Impact of the Internet on Interpersonal Communication

Today I saw an interesting cartoon, in which a father asked his daughter about her school performance of the day, and the daughter replied that he could go to her blog to check it. This small cartoon indicates a big change in our life, especially the way people communicate.

Internet enables people to break though the limitations of distance, strengthening social network. Unlike post offices, Internet service with its convenience helps people engage and converse real time with their parents, soul mates, friends though emails, IRC, micro blog anytime, anywhere with a network terminal, without suffering the long and painful wait for a reply.

Besides, such online communities as Twitter, Facebook are well under way and becoming the most dominating platforms for on-line social activities. These communities offer great opportunities for us to follow and interact with those we like and even those celebrities. It is also a platform for us to share and update information of each other, and learn the outside world.

Internet today and tomorrow is a virtual space where we live, where we learn, where we speak, and where we communicate.

【解析】

今年的六级作文依旧延续了四六级的传统,考查“现象类”话题,要求根据漫画,发表对于“The impact of the internet on interpersonal communication”的观点。近年的六级作文题目,已经不再局限于传统的议论文考察模式,即要求考生给出非此即彼或既此既彼的观点、而是偏向于启发考生自己去思考,结合自己的生活经历以及对事物的理解,对话题中的现象进行深入的探讨,给出事实支撑。
  一、 长短句原则

  工作还得一张一驰呢,老让读者读长句,累死人!写一个短小精辟的句子,相反,却可以起到画龙点睛的作用。而且如果我们把短句放在段首或者段末,也可以揭示主题:
  As a creature, I eat; as a man, I read. Although one action is to meet the primary need of my body and the other is to satisfy the intellectual need of mind, they are in a way quite similar.   如此可见,长短句结合,抑扬顿挫,岂不爽哉?牢记!
  强烈建议:在文章第一段(开头)用一长一短,且先长后短;在文章主体部分,要先用一个短句解释主要意思,然后在阐述几个要点的时候采用先短后长的句群形式,定会让主体部分妙笔生辉!文章结尾一般用一长一短就可以了。

  二、 主题句原则

  国有其君,家有其主,文章也要有其主。否则会给人造成“群龙无首”之感!相信各位读过一些破烂文学,故意把主体隐藏在文章之内,结果造成我们稀里糊涂!不知所云!所以奉劝各位一定要写一个主题句,放在文章的开头(保险型)或者结尾,让读者一目了然,必会平安无事!
  特别提示:隐藏主体句可是要冒险的!
  To begin with, you must work hard at your lessons and be fully prepared before the exam(主题句). Without sufficient preparation, you can hardly expect to answer all the questions correctly.


  三、 短语优先原则

  写作时,尤其是在考试时,如果使用短语,有两个好处:其一、用短语会使文章增加亮点,如果老师们看到你的文章太简单,看不到一个自己不认识的短语,必然会看你低一等。相反,如果发现亮点—精彩的短语,那么你的文章定会得高分了。其二、关键时刻思维短路,只有凑字数,怎么办?用短语是一个办法!比如:
  I cannot bear it.
  可以用短语表达:I cannot put up with it.
  I want it.
  可以用短语表达:I am looking forward to it.
  这样字数明显增加,表达也更准确。

  四、 多实少虚原则

  原因很简单,写文章还是应该写一些实际的东西,不要空话连篇。这就要求一定要多用实词,少用虚词。我这里所说的虚词就是指那些比较大的词。比如我们说一个很好的时候,不应该之说nice这样空洞的词,应该使用一些诸如generous, humorous, interesting, smart, gentle, warm-hearted, hospital 之类的形象词。再比如:
  走出房间,general的词是:walk out of the room
  但是小偷走出房间应该说:slip out of the room
  小姐走出房间应该说:sail out of the room
  小孩走出房间应该说:dance out of the room
  老人走出房间应该说:stagger out of the room

  五、 多变句式原则

  1)加法(串联)
  都希望写下很长的句子,像个老外似的,可就是怕写错,怎么办,最保险的写长句的方法就是这些,可以在任何句子之间加and, 但最好是前后的句子又先后关系或者并列关系。比如说:
  I enjor music and he is fond of playing guitar.
  如果是二者并列的,我们可以用一个超级句式:
  Not only the fur coat is soft, but it is also warm.
  其它的短语可以用:
  besides, furthermore, likewise, moreover

  2)转折(拐弯抹角)
  批评某人缺点的时候,我们总习惯先拐弯抹角说说他的优点,然后转入正题,再说缺点,这种方式虽然阴险了点,可毕竟还比较容易让人接受。所以呢,我们说话的时候,只要在要点之前先来点废话,注意二者之间用个专这次就够了。
  The car was quite old, yet it was in excellent condition.
  The coat was thin, but it was warm.
  更多的短语:
  despite that, still, however, nevertheless, in spite of, despite, notwithstanding

  3)因果(so, so, so)
  昨天在街上我看到了一个女孩,然后我主动搭讪,然后我们去咖啡厅,然后我们认识了,然后我们成为了朋友…可见,讲故事的时候我们总要追求先后顺序,先什么,后什么,所以然后这个词就变得很常见了。其实这个词表示的是先后或因果关系!
  The snow began to fall, so we went home.
  更多短语:
  then, therefore, consequently, accordingly, hence, as a result, for this reason, so that

  4)失衡句(头重脚轻,或者头轻脚重)
  有些人脑袋大,身体小,或者有些人脑袋小,身体大,虽然我们不希望长成这个样子,可如果真的是这样了,也就必然会吸引别人的注意力。文章中如果出现这样的句子,就更会让考官看到你的句子与众不同。其实就是主语从句,表语从句,宾语从句的变形。
  举例:This is what I can do.
  Whether he can go with us or not is not sure.
  同样主语、宾语、表语可以改成如下的复杂成分:
  When to go, Why he goes away…

  5)附加(多此一举)
  如果有了老婆,总会遇到这样的情况,当你再讲某个人的时候,她会插一句说,我昨天见过他;或者说,就是某某某,如果把老婆的话插入到我们的话里面,那就是定语从句和同位语从句或者是插入语。
  The man whom you met yesterday is a friend of mine.
  I don’t enjoy that book you are reading.
  Mr liu, our oral English teacher, is easy-going.
  其实很简单,同位语--要解释的东西删除后不影响整个句子的构成;定语从句—借用之前的关键词并且用其重新组成一个句子插入其中,但是whom or that 关键词必须要紧跟在先行词之前。

  6)排比(排山倒海句)
  文学作品中最吸引人的地方莫过于此,如果非要让你的文章更加精彩的话,那么我希望你引用一个个的排比句,一个个得对偶句,一个个的不定式,一个个地词,一个个的短语,如此表达将会使文章有排山倒海之势!
  Whether your tastes are modern or traditional, sophisticated or simple, there is plenty in London for you.
  Nowadays, energy can be obtained through various sources such as oil, coal, natural gas, solar heat, the wind and ocean tides.
  We have got to study hard, to enlarge our scope of knowledge, to realize our potentials and to pay for our life. (气势恢宏)
  要想写出如此气势恢宏的句子非用排比不可!

  六、 一 二 三原则

  领导讲话总是第一部分、第一点、第二点、第三点、第二部分、第一点… 如此罗嗦。可毕竟还是条理清楚。考官们看文章也必然要通过这些关键性的“标签”来判定你的文章是否结构清楚,条理自然。破解方法很简单,只要把下面任何一组的词汇加入到你的几个要点前就清楚了。
  1)first, second, third, last(不推荐,原因:俗)
  2)firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally(不推荐,原因:俗)
  3)the first, the second, the third, the last(不推荐,原因:俗)
  4)in the first place, in the second place, in the third place, lastly(不推荐,原因:俗)
  5)to begin with, then, furthermore, finally(强烈推荐)
  6)to start with, next, in addition, finally(强烈推荐)
  7)first and foremost, besides, last but not least(强烈推荐)
  8)most important of all, moreover, finally
  9)on the one hand, on the other hand(适用于两点的情况)
  10)for one thing, for another thing(适用于两点的情况)
  建议:不仅仅在写作中注意,平时说话的时候也应该条理清楚!
  一、举实例

  思维短路,举实例!提出一个观点,举实例!提出一个方案,举实例!而且者也是我们揭示一个观点最好的方式,任何情况下,只要我们无法继续文章,不管三七二十一,尽管举例子!
  In order to attract more customers, advertisers have adopted every possible stimulative factor in making ads, such as sound, light, colours, cartoon films and human performance. For instance, to advertise a certain food, advertisers will ask an actor or actress to sit at a table and devour the seemingly delicious food while they fime him or her.
  更多句型:
  To take … as an example, One example is…, Another example is…, for example

  二、做比较

  方法:写完一个要点,比较与之相似的;又写完一个要点,再比较与之相反的;
  世界上没有同样的指纹,没有相同的树叶,文章亦同,只有通过比较,你才会发现二者的相同点(through comparison)和不同点(through contrast)。下面是一些短语:
  相似的比较:
  in comparison, likewise, similarly, in the same manner
  相反的比较:
  on the other hand, conversely, whereas, while, instead, nevertheless, in contrast, on the contrary, compared with …, …

  三、换言之

  没话说了,可以换一句话再说,让你的文章在多一些字,或者文邹邹地说,是让读者更充分的理解你的观点。
  实际就是重复重复再重复!下面的句子实际上就三个字 I love you!
  I am enthusiastic about you. That is to say, I love you.
  I am wild about you. In other words, I have fallen in love with you.
  或者上面我们举过的例子:
  I cannot bear it.
  可以用短语表达:I cannot put up with it.
  因此可以这样说:I cannot bear it. That is to say, I cannot put up with it or I am fed up with it.
  更多短语:
  in more difficult language, in simpler words, put it more simply

  1. 结尾万能公式一:如此结论

  说完了,毕竟要归纳一番,相信各位都有这样的经历,领导长篇大论,到最后终于冒出个“总而言之”之类的话,我们马上停止开小差,等待领导说结束语。也就是说,开头很好,也必然要有一个精彩的结尾,让读者眼前一亮,这样,你就可以拿高分了!比如下面的例子:
  Obviously(此为过渡短语), we can draw the conclusion that good manners arise from politeness and respect for others.
  如果读者很难“显而见之”,但说无妨,就当读者的眼光太浅罢了!
  更多过渡短语:
  to sum up, in conclusion, in brief, on account of this, thus
  更多句型:
  Thus, it can be concluded that…, Therefore, we can find that…

  2. 结尾万能公式二:如此建议

  如果说“如此结论”是结尾最没用的废话,那么“如此建议”应该是最有价值的废话了,因为这里虽然也是废话,但是却用了一个很经典的虚拟语气的句型。拽!
  Obviously, it is high time that we took some measures to solve the problem.
  这里的虚拟语气用得很经典,因为考官本来经常考这个句型,而如果我们自己写出来,你说考官会怎么想呢?
  更多句型:
  Accordingly, I recommend that some measures be taken.
  Consequently, to solve the problem, some measures should be taken.
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