对大学课程的看法和建议

  2010年最迫切需求的10种职业,在2004年时根本不存在。

    我们现在要教导学生准备胜任还不存在的工作,使用根本还不存在的科技以解决我们还未曾想到过的问题。

    我们生活在信息爆炸时代,新科技的咨询量每两年就增长一倍,这对于4年制理工学生的意义是一年级时学的知识有一半到了三年级就过时了。而大学的课程要么一成不变,要么就是不断的开新课程,什么行业热,就针对什么行业开课程,就现在大学课程,

     用英语写一篇作文表达你对大学课程的看法和建议。

【例文见下页】
   When it comes to love, there are no hard and fast rules though many people follow the age-old theory that opposites attract.

  虽然许多人都遵循“相异相吸”这一老话,但情场上其实并没有铁的法则。
  But now a study has found that more often that not, similarity rules the day.
  如今一项研究发现,大多数时候,是相似的人之间互相吸引。
  Researchers at Berkeley found that people are drawn to potential romantic partners if they are of their own or similar leagueand desirability, which they called the ‘matching hypothesis’.
  伯克利大学的研究人员发现,如果潜在恋爱对象的魅力指数和自己是同一水平的,那么他们更容易互相吸引,研究人员将这称为“配对假说”。
  Of course personality traits and common interests play a factor but for that instant attraction, like is drawn towards like, putting paid to the phrase, ‘You're out of my league‘.
  诚然,个性特质和共同的兴趣也会有影响,但是就像一见钟情的瞬间吸引力一样,人们也可以立刻觉察到“咱俩不是一路人”。
  For their research, the authors of the study turned - as most singletons do today - to online dating sites.
  为了进行这一研究,研究人员和现在的许多单身人士一样,求助于在线约会网站。
  They measured the popularity of more than 3,000 heterosexualusers of a site and looked at the popularity of each.
  他们测评了一个约会网站3000多名异性恋用户的魅力指数,然后再单独观察每个用户的人气。

  Popularity was defined by the number of opposite-sex individuals who had sent unsolicitedmessages to a user.

  研究人员根据向一名用户主动发送信息的异性人数来评估这名用户的人气。
  Analyses indicated that high-popularity users contacted other popular users at a rate greater than would be expected by chance.
  分析表明,人气高的用户联系其他人气用户比预期联系随机用户的几率要高得多。
  Similarly, the less popular users of the site also contacted other low-popularity users.
  同样地,人气欠佳的用户联系的也是其他人气较低的用户。
  The researchers then conducted a follow-up study of more than a million users and found a similar result - when it comes to dating, potential mates stick to someone in their own league.
  研究人员随后对100多万名用户进行了后续调查,发现了相似的结果:人们都会选择和自己同一层次的人进行约会。
  The authors found that: ’Individuals on the dating market will assess their own self-worth and select partners whose social desirability approximately equals their own.
  研究报告作者发现:“约会市场上的人会评估自身的价值,并选择受欢迎程度和自己大致相当的人作为伴侣。
  ‘Using data collected in the laboratory and from users of a popular online dating site, the authors found evidence for matching based on self-worth, physical attractiveness, and popularity, but to different degrees and not always at the same stage of the dating process.
  “根据从实验室和从热门在线约会网站用户收集到的数据,笔者发现配对主要基于自我价值、外表吸引力和受欢迎程度,不过各个因素的影响力大小不同,而且也并不总是在约会过程中的同一阶段产生影响。
  ’The most striking prediction is that undesirable individuals will choose undesirable partners.‘
  “最不寻常的预测就是:没人要的人会选择没人要的人做伴侣。”  
2012年12月英语六级快速阅读注意范围和速度

1、扩大阅读的范围

    在英语六级阅读中前两部分通常是实用性强的功能性短文,如菜单、产品说明、通知、住宿安排和广告等,非常贴近西方的实际生活,但对我们国内绝大多数考生而言会很陌生。这就要求考生们争取每天阅读一定量的原版英文报刊、书籍,如time、 reader’s digest等,尤其注意其中的各种各样的广告。并非要读懂每一个字,或完全理解,只要能理解其中大至含义既可。

英语阅读中主要是关于历史中的重要人物、事件和发明和科学现象、学科最新动向、地理现象以及社会发展、经济状况等。其中大部分文章选自国外人文类、经济类和科学类的知名报纸、杂志或各政府、组织的研究报告。如:new scientist、 financial times、 the economist、 popular science、national geographic、scientific american 等。这些刊物在国内虽然不易看到,但考生们可以通过internet在网上进行阅读,以熟悉它们的文风、常用的词汇和句子结构。

2、提高阅读的速度

    提高英语阅读的速度,靠的不是一日之功,通常需要相当长一段时间的学习及训练。但过,加强英文基础训练、掌握必要的测试技巧和鄙弃一些坏习惯,都会有助于考生们阅读文章是加快速度。另外,可以参考阅读理解的两边阅读法。

英语考试的阅读部分,都是同时测试考生的阅读速度和理解的精确度,考生们既不能为了在1小时的时间内答完考题而单一求快,也不能为了答题的准确性高而不得不放弃回答一些问题。

英语阅读的速度可以通过加强自己快速阅读的能力来提高。快速阅读就是用扫描文章的方法对其结构有大致的了解,并把握其主旨。同时,在重点句子和词汇上做出标记。这种方法对阅读考试帮助极大,平时可多加练习。考生们应鄙弃逐词阅读的陋习,逐词阅读不但速度太慢,而且容易引起误解。而学会词汇组合阅读。

另外,为了提高阅读的速度还要养成良好的阅读习惯,不能边看边用嘴跟着读,眼、嘴并用必会降低读速;一旦发现生词(这种情况绝大多数考生都肯定要遇到),先不要紧张,要通过英语构词法(前缀、词根和后缀)来分析推测词义,或结合上下文、前后词语去猜测,如果根据上下文及前后词语还是无法确切了解其真正含义,你可以再看一下这个词对整个句子所构成的影响是肯定的,还是否定的,实际上这对你理解作者的意图已足够了,实在不行就做上记号,将来看一看是否影响答题,如无影响就坚决忽略,切记不要恋战。

    2012年6月英语六级完形填空训练(1)

  Public image refers to how a company is viewed by its customers, suppliers, and stockholders, by the financial community, by the communities 62 it operates, and by federal and local govemments. Public image is controllable 63 considerable extent, just as the product, price, place, and promotional efforts are.

  A firm’s public image plays a vital role in the 64 of the firm and its products to employees, customers, and to such outsiders 65 stockholders, suppliers, creditors ,government officials, as well as 66 special groups. With some things it is impossible to 67 all the diverse publics: for example, a new highly automated plant may meet the approval of creditors and stockholders, 68 it will undoubtedly find 69 from employees who see their jobs 70 .

     On the other hand, high and service standards should bring almost complete approval, 71 low and 72 claims would be widely looked down up on. A firm’s public image, if it is good, should be treasured and protected. It is a valuable 73 that usually is built up over a long and satisfying relationship of a firm with publics. If a firm has learned a quality image, it is not easily 74 or imitated by competitors. Such an image may enable a firm to 75 higher prices, to win the best distributors and dealers, to attract the best employees, to expect the most 76 creditor relationships and lowest borrowing costs. It should also allow the firm’s stock to command higher price-earnings 77 than other firms in the same industry with such a good reputation and public image.

  A number of factors affect the public image of a corporation. 78 include physical 79 , contacts of outsiders 80 company employees, product quality and dependability, prices 81 to competitors, customer service, the kind of advertising and the media and programs used, and the use of public relations and publicity.

  62.
  [A] which
  [B] what
  [C] where
  [D] whom
  63.
  [A] in
  [B] within
  [C] on
  [D] to
  64.
  [A] attraction
  [B] attachment
  [C] affection
  [D] generalization
  65.
  [A] and
  [B] with
  [C] as
  [D] for
  66.
  [A] converse
  [B] diverse
  [C] reverse
  [D] universe
  67.
  [A] satisfy
  [B] treat
  [C] amuse
  [D] entertain
  68.
  [A] so
  [B] then
  [C] thus
  [D] but
  69.
  [A] support
  [B] identification
  [C] compliment
  [D] resistance
  70.
  [A] ensured
  [B] promoted
  [C] threatened
  [D] unemployed
  71.
  [A] because
  [B] while
  [C] though
  [D] when
  72.
  [A] false
  [B] fake
  [C] artificial
  [D] counterfeit
  
  73.
  [A] fortune
  [B] asset
  [C] possession
  [D] property
  74.
  [A] countered
  [B] defeated
  [C] repelled
  [D] compelled
  75.
  [A] pay
  [B] get
  [C] order
  [D] charge
  76.
  [A] favorite
  [B] prosperous
  [C] favorable
  [D] prospective
  77.
  [A] rate
  [B] ratio
  [C] ration
  [D] interest
  78.
  [A] These
  [B] They
  [c] that
  [D] It
  79.
  [A] appliances
  [B] equipment
  [C] devices
  [D] facilities
  80.
  [A] on
  [B] with
  [C] in
  [D] along
  81.
  [A] relative
  [B] related
  [C] reliable
  [D] reconcilable

      大意:本文主要介绍了企业公众形象这一话题。公众形象对于一个企业起着至关重要的作用,因此需要保护好企业的良好形象,因为它对企业来说是非常有价值的资产。文中提到一些因素或许会对企业的形象产生一定影响。

【答案见下页】
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  1. In ancient Greece, the Olympic Games__________
  [A] were merely national athletic festivals
  [B] were in the nature of a national event with a strong religious color
  [C] had rules which put foreign participants in a disadvantageous position
  [D] were primarily national events with few foreign participants
  2. The order of athletic events at the ancient Olympics__________
  [A] was not definitely established
  [B] varied according to the number of foreign competitors
  [C] was decided by Zeus, in whose honor the Games were held
  [D] was considered unimportant
  3. In the early days of ancient Olympic Games, __________
  [A] only male Greek athletes were allowed to participate in the games
  [B] all Greeks, irrespective of sex, religion or social status, were allowed to take part
  [C] all Greeks, with the exception of women, were allowed to compete in Games
  [D] all male Greeks were qualified to compete in the Games

  4. Modem athletes’ results cannot be compared with those of ancient runners because __________
  [A] the Greeks had no means of recording the results
  [B] details such as the time were not recorded in the past
  [C] they are much better
  [D] they are much worse
  5. Nowadays, the athletes’ expenses are paid __________
  [A] out of the prize money of the winners
  [B] out of the funds raised by the competing nations
  [C] by the athletes them selves
  [D] by contributions
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