We all know that the normal human daily cycle of activity is of some 7-8 hours’ sleep alternation with some 16-17 hours’wakefulness and that, broadly speaking, the sleep normally coincides with the hours of darkness. Our present concern is with how easily and to what extent this cycle can be modified.
  The question is no mere academic one. The ease, for example, with which people can change from working in the day to working at night is a question of growing importance in industry where automation calls for round-the-clock working of machines. It normally takes from five days to one week for a person to adapt to a reversed routine of sleep and wakefulness, sleeping during the day and working at night. Unfortunately, it is often the case in industry that shifts are changed every week; a person may work from 12:00 midnight to 8:00 a.m. one week, 8:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. the next, and 4:00p.m. to 12:00 midnight the third and so on. This means that no sooner has he got used to one routine than he has to change to another, so that much of his time is spent neither working nor sleeping very efficiently.
  The only real solution appears to be to hand over the night shift to a number of permanent night workers. An interesting study of the domestic life and health of night-shift workers was carried out by Brown in 1957. She found a high incidence of disturbed sleep and other disorders among those on alternating day and night shifts, but no abnormal occurrence of these phenomena among those on permanent night work.
  This latter system then appears to be the best long-term policy, but meanwhile something may be done to relieve the strains of alternate day and night work by selecting those people who can adapt most quickly to the changes of routine. One way of knowing when a person has adapted is by measuring his body temperature. People engaged in normal daytime work will have a high temperature during the hours of wakefulness and a low one at night; when they change to night work, the pattern will only gradually go back to match the new routine and the speed with which it does so parallels, broadly speaking, the adaptation of the body as a whole, particularly in terms of performance. Therefore, by taking body temperature at intervals of two hours throughout the period of wakefulness it can be seen how quickly a person can adapt to a reversed routine, and this could be used as a basis for selection. So far, however, such a form of selection does not seem to have been applied in practice. (445 words)
  1. The main problem of the round-the-clock working system lies in _______.
  A. the disturbance of the daily cycle of workers who have to change shifts too frequently
  B. the inconveniences brought about to the workers by the introduction of automation
  C. the fact that people working at night are often less effective
  D. the fact that it is difficult to find a number of good night workers
  2. The best solution to implementing the 24-hour working system seems ________.
  A. to employ people who work on night shifts only
  B. to create better living conditions for night workers
  C. to change shifts at longer intervals
  D. to have longer shifts
  3. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
  A. Body temperature may serve as an indication of a worker’s performance.
  B. The employment of permanent night shift workers seems to be the best solution to problems of the round-the-clock working system.
  C. Taking body temperature at regular intervals can show how a person adapts to the changes of routine.
  D. Disturbed sleep occurs more frequently among shift workers.
  4. It is possible to find out if a person has adapted to the changes of routine by measuring his body temperature because ________.
  A. body temperature changes when the cycle of sleep and wakefulness alternates
  B. body temperature changes when he changes to night shift or back
  C. the temperature reverses when the routine is changed.
  D. people have higher temperature when they are working efficiently.
  5. The phrase “coincide with”(Line 3, Para.1) could best be replaced by _______.
  A. take place
  B. agree with
  C. accord to
  D. take up
    1. B 推理引申题。第二段中提到人适应新习惯需要五天到一个礼拜的时间,但事实是工人的正常生活节奏经常处于被扰乱的状态,使工作和睡眠效率不佳。所以,正确考试*大答案为B。
  2. A 事实细节题。根据第三段第一句“The only real solution appears…night workers”
  3. A 事实细节题。最后一段提到“…by taking body temperature…can be seen how quickly a person can adapt to a reversed routine”。
  4. C 推理引申题。最后一段指出体温与人处于醒着的状态还是睡眠状态的关系,只有C与原文相符。
  5. B 词意猜测题。意思是“与……一致”。



On the way up I was busy taking picture since the scenery was so beautiful.

As everyone knows, it’s famous mountain with all kinds of plants and animals.

Soon I began to enjoy talk to myself on paper as I was learning to express me in simple English.

Now my picture and the prize is hanging in the library.

I would describe myself as shy and quietly.

We must keep in mind that we play for the team instead ourselves.

7、连词: 上下文逻辑关系

8、代词:人称代词前后指代不一致;反身代词和人称代词的误用;关系代词的误用that, what等
I was learning to express me in simple English.

9、并列的平行结构:both…and…, not only… but also, prefer to do rather than do




3. 短文改错解题秘诀



It is an immensely complex______ that we take for granted.
A process B progress
C product D prospect
B 前进,进步C 产品D 前景
Families__1__many as 10 people have had to shelter__2__a single tent and share cookstoves and bathing___3__with neighbors.
1. A like B as C so D too
2. A by B below C under D with
3. A facilities   B instruments
  C implements D appliances

Q1题纯属固定搭配;Q2 根据句意选择“在帐篷下遮蔽” Q3难度较大,近义词辨析:

B通常和乐器搭配musical instruments
C farm implements 农具
D electric appliances 家用电器
A facility: rooms, services or equipment that are provided for particular purposes 设备,设施

This point in that cycle at which you wake can ___ how you feel later.
A effect  B affect
C reflect  D perfect

however, nevertheless, yet, still(然而), though, in spite of , despite,regardless of (尽管,即使)
递进词:besides, in addition, moreover, furthermore, what’s more(此外), even(甚至)
对比词:in contrast, on the contrary,  on the other hand, instead (相反)
因果词:because, since, due to, owing to, because of, therefore,consequently
并列 (增补):also, as well as (并且)
not only … but also … (不但,而且)
both … and …
neither … nor …
并列(转折):but, while
并列(选择):or, either……or……, whether……or……
并列(因果):for(因为), so(所以)
举例:for example, for instance, such as  

For this reason, they _1_students to meet others with differing _2_ and to read widely to _3_ their understanding in many fields of study.

  1.A prompt   B provoke
     C encourage D anticipate
  2.A histories  B expression
     C interests  D curiosities
  3.A broaden  B lengthen
     C enforce   D specify


4、留意横线之前的and, 小心前后呼应,借用相似相反相近原则

_1_ overnight, scores of tent villages bloomed _2_ the region, tended by international aid organizations, military _3_ and aid groups working day and night to shelter the survivors before winter set _4_.
Mercifully, the season was mild. But with the _5__ of spring, the refugees will be moved again.
   1.A altogether B almost
      C scarcely  D surely
   2.A among   B above
  C amid    D across  
   3.A ranks    B equipment
        C personnel D installations
   4.A out      B in
     C on      D forth
   5.A falling   B emergence
      C arrival   D appearing


[不指定 08/11/27 20:59 | by admin ]
      Thanksgiving Day is the most truly American of the national Holidays in the United States and is most closely connected with the earliest history of the country.

In 1620, the settlers, or Pilgrims, they sailed to America on the May flower, seeking a place where they could have freedom of worship. After a tempestuous two-month voyage they landed at in icy November, what is now Plymouth, Massachusetts.

During their first winter, over half of the settlers died of[1] starvation or epidemics. Those who survived began sowing in the first spring.

All summer long they waited for the harvests with great anxiety, knowing that their lives and the future existence of the colony depended on the coming harvest. Finally the fields produced a yield rich beyond expectations. And therefore it was decided that a day of thanksgiving to the Lord be fixed[2]. Years later, President of the United States proclaimed the fourth Thursday of November as Thanksgiving Day every year. The celebration of Thanksgiving Day has been observed on that date until today.

The pattern of the Thanksgiving celebration has never changed through the years. The big family dinner is planned months ahead. On the dinner table, people will find apples, oranges, chestnuts, walnuts and grapes. There will be plum pudding, mince pie, other varieties of food and cranberry juice and squash. The best and most attractive among them are roast turkey and pumpkin pie. They have been the most traditional and favorite food on Thanksgiving Day throughout the years.

Everyone agrees the dinner must be built around roast turkey stuffed with a bread dressing[3] to absorb the tasty juices as it roasts. But as cooking varies with families and with the regions where one lives, it is not easy to get a consensus on[4] the precise kind of stuffing for the royal bird.

Thanksgiving today is, in every sense, a national annual holiday on which Americans of all faiths and backgrounds join in to express their thanks for the year' s bounty and reverently ask for continued[5] blessings.





  4. 时间分配:在做完听力后,剩下的仔细阅读部分、综合部分(可能考改错,也可能是完形)以及翻译部分的时间分配由自己决定。建议,首先做5道题目的翻译,这个比较简单,容易拿分,一般建议4---5分钟搞定。然后一定集中精力做仔细阅读部分,然后是综合部分。仔细阅读部分,尤其是2篇传统阅读题型这是重中之重,考试建议的时间是20分钟左右,但是我想大家尽量的多花一点时间,一定保证正确率。





































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