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Part III Listening Comprehension
  Section A
  Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.
  11.
  M: I don’t know what to do. I have to drive to Chicago next Friday for my cousin’s wedding, but I have got a Psychology test to prepare for.
  W: Why don’t you record your notes so you can study on the way?
  Q: What does the woman suggest the man do?
  【答案】A)Listen to the recorded notes while driving.
  12.
  M: Professor Wright, you may have to find another student to play this role, the lines are so long and I simply can’t remember them all.
  W: Look, Tony. It is still a long time before the first show. I don’t expect you to know all the lines yet. Just keep practicing.
  Q: What do we learn from the conversation?
  【答案】C)The man lacks confidence in playing the part.
  13.
  M: Hello, this is Dr. Martin from the Emergency Department. I have a male patient with a fractured ankle.
  W: Oh, we have one bed available in ward 3, send him here and I will take care of him.
  Q: What are the speakers talking about?
  【答案】A)Arranging a bed for a patient.
  14.
  W: Since Simon will graduate this May, the school paper needs a new editor. So if you are interested, I will be happy to nominate you.
  M: Thanks for considering me. But the baseball team is starting up a new season. And I’m afraid I have a lot on my hands.
  Q: What does the man mean?
  【答案】A)He is too busy to accept more responsibility.
  15. W: Have you heard the news that Jame Smeil has resigned his post as prime minister?
  M: Well, I got it from the headlines this morning. It’s reported that he made public at this decision at the last cabinet meeting.
  Q: what do we learn about Jame Smeil?
  【答案】C) He has left his position in the government.
  16. W: The morning paper says the space shuttle is taking off at 10 a.m. tomorrow.
  M: Yeah, it’s just another one of this year’s routine missions. The first mission was undertaken a decade ago and broadcast live then worldwide.
  Q: what can we infer from this conversation?
  【答案】D) The man is well informed about the space shuttle missions.
  17. M: We do a lot of camping in the mountains. What would you recommend for two people?
  W: You’d probably be better off with the four reel drive vehicle. We have several off-road trucks in stock, both new and used.
  Q: Where does the conversation most probably take place?
  【答案】A) At a car renting company
  18. W: I hear you did some serious shopping this past weekend.
  M: Yeah, the speakers of my old stereo finally gave out and there was no way to repair them.
  Q: What did the man do over the weekend?
  【答案】更新中……
  Conversation One
  W: Now, could you tell me where the idea for the business first came from?
  M: Well, the original shop was opened by a retired printer by the name of Gruby. Mr Gruby being left-handed himself, thought of the idea to try to promote a few products for left-handers.
  W: And how did he then go about actually setting up the business?
  M: Well, he looked for any left-handed products that might already be on the market which were very few. And then contacted the manufactures with the idea of having products produced for him, mainly in the scissors range to start with.
  W: Right. So you do commission some part of your stock.
  M: Yes, very much so. About 75 percent of our stock is specially made for us.
  W: And the rest of it?
  M: Hmm, the rest of it now, some 25, 30 years after Mr. Gruby’s initial efforts, there are more left-handed product actually on the market. Manufactures are now beginning to see that there is a market for left-handed products.
  W: And what’s the range of your stock?
  M: The range consists of a variety of scissors from children scissors to scissors for tailors, hairdressers etc. We also have a large range of kitchen ware.
  W: What’s the competition like? Do you have quite a lot of competition?
  M: There are other people in the business now in specialists, but only as mail-order outlets. But we have a shop here in central London plus a mail-order outlet. And we are without any doubt the largest supplier of the left-handed items.
  【材料评析】
  这是一篇采访一名专为左撇子们提供产品的供应商的文章。文中分别谈到了创业理念的来源、产业如何创始、产业日前发展状况以及这家产品供应商所面对的行业现状。具体细节为:创业理念开始于一名名叫Gruby的退休印刷工,他本人是一名左撇子,所以想到找生产商帮他实现自己所想的专门为左撇子设计产品的理念。而这家供应商目前面对的行业现状为:市面上已有的左撇子产品比最初创业之时,增加了许多;但销售渠道来源主要是网络订单。而这些,并不对这家供应商公司构成竞争威胁,因为他们在伦敦有门店和网络销售的双重渠道。因此他们是这种左撇子产品的最大供应商。
  本篇文章为考查细节信息抓取能力题。难度较大主要因为考生可能对产品制造加工行业涉及到的manufacture、stock、mail-order outlet 、supplier等专业术语不太熟悉,而形成困扰。但考生只要能听出这是一篇采访类型的文章,每次都能听到女士(采访者)的问题非常简短,应该立即警惕答案应该是针对男士(被访者)的回答提问。而女士(采访者)的问题中本身就已经暗示出接下来的回答中的关键词。如:女士问的“And what’s the range of your stock?”一句中,stock即为关键信息词。因此,这篇文章同时也提醒考生平时应该注意商务用语和商业常识方面的积累。
  Q19: What kind of business does the man engaged in?
  Q20: What does the man say about his stock of products?
  Q21: What does the man say about other people in his line of business?
  Conversation Two
  M: Can we make you an offer? We would like to run the campaign for four extra weeks.
  W: Well, can we summarize the problem from my point of view? First of all, the campaign was late. It missed two important trade affairs. The ads also did not appear into key magazines. As a result, the campaign failed. Do you accept that summary of what happened?
  M: Well, the delay wasn’t entirely our fault. You did in fact make late changes to the specifications of the advertisements.
  W: Uh, actually, you were late with the initial proposals so you have very little time and in fact, we only asked for small changes.
  M: Well whatever, can we repeat our offer to run the campaign for 4 extra weeks?
  W: That’s not really the point. The campaign missed two key trade affairs. Because of this, we are asking you either to repeat the campaign next year for free, or we only pay 50% of the fee for this year.
  M: Could we suggest a 20% reduction to the fee together with the four week sustention to the campaign.
  W: We are not happy. We lost business.
  M: I think we both made mistakes. The responsibility is on both sides.
  W: Ok, let’s suggest a new solution. How about a 40% cut in fee, or a free repeat campaign?
  M: Well, let’s take a break, we’re not getting very far. Perhaps we should think about this.
  【材料评析】
  这篇对话是围绕一次商业活动的推广是否延期和如何收费的讨论。对话中,女士否决了延期四周这个提议。理由是这次的活动已经错过了两个重要的商业活动事件,而且也没有在重要杂志上打广告。而男士则坚持要求延期,并表示:活动被耽搁的原因是女士所在公司没有及时给出对广告的修改。而男士认为是女士所在公司提交细节修改建议太晚而导致耽搁。女士坚持无需延期,且不应延期,而应定为活动失败。因此,女士向男士的公司提出降低收费或者明年免费为她们公司做活动的要求。最后,男士提出延期四周并给出20%的降价。可惜女士仍然要求更低的40%的降价和下一期的免费活动推广。而男士提出还需再议。显然,他对此提议并不表示赞同。
  这篇文章总体不难,考查文章大意。而文章本身围绕是否延期和如何收费这个中心讨论点展开,没有较生僻的词汇。但值得注意的是,考生需要通过对话推知谈话者的身份,并对说话者的语气和话外音所包含的内容有所把握。另外,这是一篇在真实的商务谈判场景中会经常出现的状况。考生注意平时对商业和商务常识方面的知识积累,会对把握整个听力对话的大意很有帮助。
  22: What do we learn about the man’s company?
  23: Why was the campaign delayed according to the man?
  24: What does the woman propose as a solution to the problem?
  25: What does the man suggest they do at the end of the conversation?
  Section B
  Passage One
  The University of Tennessee’s Walters Life Sciences building, is a model animal facility, spotlessly clean, careful in obtaining prior approval for experiments from an animal care committee. Of the 15,000 mice house there in a typical year, most give their lives for humanity. These are good mice and as such won the protection of the animal care committee. At any given time however some mice escape and run free. These mice are pests. They can disrupt experiments with the bacteria organisms they carry. They are bad mice and must be captured and destroyed. Usually, this is accomplished by means of sticky traps, a kind of fly paper on which they become increasingly stuck. But the real point of the cautionary tale, says animal behaviorist Herzau, is that the labels we put on things can affect our moral responses to them. Using stick traps or the more deadly snap traps would be deemed unacceptable for good mice. Yet the killing of bad mice requires no prior approval. Once the research animal hits the floor and becomes an escapee, says Herza, its moral standard is instantly diminished. In Herzau’s own home, there was more ironic example when his young son’s pet mouse Willy died recently, it was accorded a tearful ceremonial burial in garden. Yet even as they mourned Willy, says Herzau, he and his wife were setting snap traps to kill the pest mice in their kitchen with the bare change in labels from pet to pest, the kitchen mice obtained totally different moral standards
  【材料评析】
  本篇文章主要是讲述人们对待老鼠不同的道德态度。
  同是一个实验室里面老鼠,如果是为了人类实验做贡献,就是人们眼中的好老鼠;而一旦老鼠从实验室里面跑出来,携带病菌危害到了人类健康,那么这些逃跑掉的老鼠就成为了人们眼中的坏老鼠。人类会使用那些捕鼠夹子来消灭坏老鼠,但是对待好老鼠的时候态度截然不同,比如作者儿子的宠物老鼠死掉了,他们家甚至给它办了一场葬礼。
  作者的观点就是:如果我们对一样事物贴上了标签,那么在道德层面上,我们内心会根据标签的不同作出不同的反应。并不是事物本身有任何好与不好,只是人类自作主张给各个事物贴上了不同的标签。
  Questions:
  26 What does the passage say about most of the mice used for experiments?
  【答案】D)They sacrifice their lives for the benefit of humans.
  27 Why did the so-called bad mice have to be captured and destroyed?
  【答案】C) They may affect the results of experiments.
  28 When are mice killed without prior approval?
  【答案】C) When they become escapees.
  29, Why does the speaker say what the Herzau’s did at home is ironical?
  【答案】A)While holding a burial ceremony for a pet mouse, they were killing pest mice.
  Passage Two
  There are roughly three New Yorks. There is, first, the New York of the man or woman who was born here, who takes the city for granted and accepts its size and its turbulence as natural and inevitable. Second, there is the New York of the commuter — the city that is swallowed up by locusts each day and spat out each night. Third, there is the New York of the person who was born somewhere else and came to New York in quest of something. Of these three trembling cities the greatest is the last, the city of final destination, the city that has a goal. It is this third city that accounts for New York’s high-strung disposition, its poetical deportment, its dedication to the arts, and its incomparable achievements. Commuters give the city its tidal restlessness; natives give it solidity and continuity; but the settlers give it passion. And whether it is a farmer arriving from Italy to set up a small grocery store in a slum, or a young girl arriving from a small town in Mississippi to escape the indignity of being observed by her neighbors, or a boy arriving from the Corn Belt with a manuscript in his suitcase and a pain in his heart, it makes no difference: each embraces New York with the intense excitement of first love, each absorbs New York with the fresh eyes of an adventurer, each generates heat and light to dwarf the Consolidated Edison Company.
  【材料评析】
  这篇文章的主题是城市和文化。属于散文性质。
  讲述了不同的人带给纽约不同的气息。第一种,纽约本地人,让纽约完整持续;第二种,纽约上班族,让纽约躁动不安;第三种,来纽约寻梦的人,他们让纽约充满热情。作者在内心觉得纽约正是因为有这样三种人才能如此闪耀光彩,尤其是最后一类人,为纽约做出的贡献最大。
  本篇文章中,The Three New Yorks 具有双关含义,既可以指纽约城,也可以指纽约人。有些学生可能看到这里就没看懂。遇到这种情况应该先接着往后看,然后猜这个three New Yorks到底指什么。
  Questions 30 to 32 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  30. What does the speaker say about the natives of New York?
  【答案】D) They take it for granted.
  31. What does the speaker say commuters give to New York?
  【答案】A) Tidal restlessness.
  32. What do we learn about the settlers of New York?
  【答案】B) They are adventurers from all over the world.
  Passage Three
  “If you asked me television is unhealthy”, I said to my roommate Walter, as I walked into the living room.“While you are sitting passively in front of the TV set, your muscles are turning to fat, your complexion is fading, and your eyesight is being ruined.”
  “Shh~”Walter put his finger to his lips, “This is an intriguing murder mystery.”
  “Really?” I replied.
  “But you know, the brain is destroyed by TV viewing. Creativity is killed by that box. And people are kept from communicating with one another. From my point of view, TV is the cause of the declining interest in school and the failure of our entire educational system.”
  “Ah ha, I can’t see your point.” Walter said softly. “But see? The woman on the witness stand in this story is being questioned about the murder that was committed one hundred years ago.”
  Ignoring his enthusiastic description of the plot, I went on with my argument.
  “As I see it,” I explained, “not only are most TV programs badly written and produced, but viewers are also manipulated by the mass media. As far as I am concerned, TV watchers are cut off from reality from nature, from the other people, from life itself! I was confident in my ability to persuade.
  After a short silence, my roommate said, “Anyway, I’ve been planning to watch the football game. I am going to change the channel.”
  “Don’t touch that dial!” I shouted, “I wanted to find out how the mystery turns out!”
  I am not sure I got my point to cross.
  【材料评析】
  这是一篇很有趣的记叙文。讲述了作者和室友的一段关于看电视问题的对话。
  作者一直在强调看电视如何如何不好,并且列举出了一大堆的原因:会让身体变胖,面色枯黄,视力下降,并且会让孩子们的创造能力,交际能力下降。但是他的室友一直没有接他的话,一直专心于看自己的电视节目。
  文章最幽默的是,最后一个情节,当室友说要换台的时候,作者立刻不愿意了,真是非常地讽刺,原来作者自己也是离不开电视机,受不了电视节目的诱惑的。
  这篇文章难度比较低,生词几乎没有,大家只要看懂情节,基本上所有问题也可以回答出来,需要仔细认真,在听听力的时候虚拟场景。
  Questions 33- 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  33. As the speaker walked into the living room, what was being shown on TV?
  【答案】D) A murder mystery
  34. What does the speaker say about watching television?
  【答案】C)It is unhealthy for the viewers.
  35. What can we say about the speaker?
  【答案】B) He can’t resist the temptation of T.V. either.
  Section C Compound Dictation
   In the past, one of the biggest disadvantages of machines has been their inability to work on a micro scale. For example, doctors did not have devices allowing them to go inside the human body to detect health problems or to perform delicate surgery. Repair crews did not have a way of identifying broken pipes located deep within a high-rise apartment building. However, that’s about to change. Advances in computers and biophysics have started a micro miniature revolution that allows scientists to envision and in some cases actually build microscopic machines. These devices promise to dramatically change the way we live and work.
  Micromachines already are making an impact. At Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland, Ohio, research scientists have designed a 4-inch silicon chip that holds 700 tiny primitive motors. At Lucas Nova Sensor in Fremont, California, scientists have perfected the world’s first microscopic blood-pressure sensor. Threaded through a person’s blood vessels, the sensor can provide blood pressure readings at the valve of the heart itself.
  Although simple versions of miniature devices have had an impact, advanced versions are still several years away.
  Auto manufacturers, for example, are trying to use tiny devices that can sense when to release an airbag and how to keep engines and breaks operating efficiently. Some futurists envision nanotechnology also being used to explore the deep sea in small submarine, or even to launch finger-sized rockets packed with micro miniature instruments.
  “There is an explosion of new ideas and applications,” So, when scientists now think about future machines doing large and complex tasks, they’re thinking smaller than ever before.
  【答案】
  36. detect
  37. delicate 38. identifying 39. apartment
  40. revolution 41. dramatically 42. primitive 43. vessels 44. Although simple versions of miniature devices have had an impact, advanced versions are still several years away 45. that can sense when to release an airbag and how to keep engines and breaks operating efficiently 46. when scientists now think about future machines doing large and complex tasks, they’re thinking smaller than ever before.
  Part I Writing

  The Way to Success First essay—stream of thought type
  The Way to Success
  "Genius is one percent inspiration and ninety-nine percent perspiration." And here comes our question, what is the way to success?
  A strong will and great efforts are the most essential two keys to the door of success.
  Why do people fail to achieve their goal? The reason is that most of them give up halfway due to their lack of a strong will once they encounter any difficulty. A man of a strong will always sticks to his cause no matter how tough it might be.
  Would Thomas Edison be such a great man in history if he had done nothing but possessing a strong will? We are all familiar with his story that he had tried one thousand kinds of materials before he finally made his great bulb light up. Without hard effort, Edison might have been a nobody. Without efforts, no one can succeed.
  To sum up, a strong will and great efforts can help one open up the way to success. Where there is a will with efforts, there is a way.
2011年12月17日英语六级考试真题 拍照版

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  2011年英语六级成绩查询时间:2012年2月21日早点9点准时发布。
  “改错的目的是测试学生综合运用语言的能力”。改错题的主要错误类型有主谓不一致、时态和语态错误、连接词误用、形容词与副词错误、反义词误用、非谓语动词错误、关系代词错误、介词错误、缺漏和赘述、句子结构等等。考生在做改错题时,首先应通读短文,对文章有个大致的了解。然后,仔细读出现10个错误的所在行,一般来说,每个错误基本都可以归入上述的某一个错误类型,看有没有出现语法错误和词汇错误。如果通过细读确认没有语法错误和词汇错误,那就把细读扩大到该行上下各二、三行,有时甚至要联系该行所在的自然段,这时的重点必须转移到对文章的理解上来,从上下文的关系找出连接关系和逻辑关系的前后矛盾的错误。最后应再通读一篇改正后的文章,看整篇文章总体上是否连贯一致。

  以往六级考试中曾经出现过改错题,下面结合历年六级的改错题来看一下改错题不同的错误类型。

  1、反义词误用

  这是短文改错中出现频率较高也是比较有特色的一种错误类型,这类错误必须在透彻理解上下文语义的基础上才能发现并改正。比较常见的错误有:

  a、派生反义词

  如00年1月的72题将directly改为indirectly。

  b、其他反义词

  如00年1月的77题将little改为much。

  2、连接词误用

  连接词的错误虽然是属于传统的语法题范畴,但其用法主要根据上下文语义上的逻辑关系,也就是上下文的理解。连接词有很多种,有并列连词,如and, but, or等,主从连词,如because, if, after等,以及其他连接介词和副词,如however, despite等。曾经考查过的题目有2000年6月的73题,将as改为than,这考查的是比较连词的搭配,根据上一行中之more即可确定改as为than。

  3、指代错误

  这一般考查的是代词的指代,在文章当中如果说出现了代词,那么代词所指代的对象在前文中一定是出现过的,否则就会出现指代不清,所以出现代词时候,我们要注意它所指代的对象的单复数是否与代词一致。如2003年9月的S9题将it改为they,因为它指代的是前面的复数名词new houses。再如2002年6月的S9题,将it改为them,因为指代的对象是前文中的immigrants,仍然是个复数名词,当然同时还要注意区分主格和宾格。

  4、介词错误

  这是改错中最常见的一种错误,当然这也包括一些用法搭配上的错误,这种错误在历年的考试当中出现的频率非常高。如2000年1月的73题,将into改为on或onto,才能与planet相搭配。再如2000年6月的10道改错题中有3道涉及到介词错误,分别是71、75和78题。做对这类题目最重要的是平常的积累,尤其是一些动词词组的搭配,虽然在词汇部分出现的已经很少了,但有可能在改错题中出现,当然这占的比重并不是很大,所以大家平常在英语学习当中适当注意即可。

  5、名词和冠词的错误

  最近比较经常考查名词的错误的是关于名词的单复数问题,如2000年1月的75题,将planet根据上下文改为复数形式。而对于冠词的考查,主要是单数名词前面一定要有一个冠词来修饰,如2002年6月的S1题在new one前要加一个不定冠词a。

  6、非谓语动词

  非谓语动词分为三类:不定式、动名词和分词。其中分词又分为现在分词和过去分词,其特点是:不定式、动名词和分词可以做很多句子成分,但就是不能单独做谓语,这也是它们被称为“非谓语动词”的原因。这也是在四六级考试改错中常见的错误。如2000年1月的78题将consider改为considering。

  7、主谓不一致

  产生这种错误的主要原因是没有找对句子的主语,英语追求形式上的完美,所以有时候句子的结构非常复杂,这也是为什么我们一直强调难句分析在英语复习中的重要性。句子的结构一般是“主谓宾”或“主系表”,正确地找出各个句子成分对于阅读也是非常有帮助的。如2002年6月的S7题,这一行中有一个倒装语序,所以有的同学会找不出句子的主语,因而找不到错误。答案是把lies改为lie,因为该句的主语是复数two myths。

  8、形容词与副词错误

  这类错误一般是形容词与副词的误用,形容词一般用来修饰名词,而副词可以修饰动词和形容词,往往出题者就会把该用副词的地方误用为形容词。如2003年12月的S3题应将relative改为副词形式relatively,因为它是用来修饰isolated的。

  9、并列结构

  像有or或and连接的一般是并列结构,前后的形式一般来说应该是一样的,如2003年12月的S6题,将politics改为political,与其他两个形容词economic和environmental相并列。

  10、关系词的误用

  这一类错误主要是针对定语从句的,读者可以找一本语法书对定语从句做个回顾复习。这几年考题中出现的错误有00年1月的79题中在定语从句中多了一个they,应该划去。

  11、时态的错误

  这也是改错中常见的考法。如00年6月76题考查的就是时态,综观短文,全部用过去时态,因而前后应该一致。

  当然,除了以上提到的11大类错误之外,还有一些关于上下文逻辑错误,包括上下文语义矛盾和逻辑关系错误等等,这需要通读全文,了解大意方可做对。总之大家在平时复习时要善于总结,在考试时要耐心仔细才能将答对率提高。

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