1. In the old society,five hundred million careworn people _________________ (生活在水深火热之中).

2. We think it most important that _______________(理论与实际相结合).

3. _____________(不论晴雨),we'll have to go tomorrow.

4.This is ________________(正是要找的人)we are looking for.

5. Their income is ________________(一般家庭的3~5倍).

6. _________________(我没有买到一张好票)for yesterday's movie.

7. It's confirmed that _______________(铁路将延伸到我们村子).

8. The new manager of our company _____________(有很强的事业心).

9. When I walked past his house,________________(我听见他在弹钢琴).

10. ________________(学生们应该从这里得出一条经验):Don't be misled by false appearances.

【答案and解析】

1. were plunged into a dire suffering

解析:本题考查考生基本词汇量和短语的掌握情况。"水深火热"在英文中没有一个对等词,所以要采用意译法。可以接受的译法有:a dire suffering,an abyss of suffering,extreme misery。Be plunged into表示"使......陷入,使......遭受",如:plunge a country into war(使一个国家陷入战争);plunge sb. into deep sorrow(使某人陷入深深的悲痛之中)。另外,前半句中careworn意为"受折磨的,饱经忧患的"。

2. theory be combined with practice

解析:be combined with...是固定搭配,意为"与......相结合"。Be connected with是指"将......连起来",在含义上有所差别。其次,句首用了We think it most important that句型,暗示从句要用虚拟语气,should可以省略。

3. Rain or shine

解析:本题考查固定用法"不论......",英语用...or...来表达。如:Winter or summer,that lady always wears a long black gown.(不论夏冬,那个老妇人总是穿一身黑色长袍。)类似的表达还有:better or worse,good or evil,sink or swim,men or women,old or young。

4. no other than the man

解析:本题考查采用反译法翻译,以加强语气,取得较好的修辞效果。No other than强调了那个人就是我们要找的。这句话也可以译成This is just the man we are looking for,但强调的语气就显得要弱一些。此外,no other than要和other than区别开来。如:There's nobody here other than me.(这里除了我没别人。)

5. three to five times that of ordinary households

解析:本题考查数的表达。考生要学会用"倍数+the size (length,volume) of...","...倍数+that of (what it was)..."的句型进行倍数的表达。Household是个集合词,表示家庭,如:average household(中等家庭);multiperson household(多人口家庭);peasant household(农户)。"家务"叫做household affairs。

6. I didn't buy a good seat

解析:题中"好票"是一个干扰项,是典型的汉语表达。"没有买到一张好票"实际上是说"没有买到好座位",因此不能译成I didn't buy a good ticket。

7. the railway will be extended to our village

解析:本题考查英语被动语态的翻译。虽然原中文句给出了主动语态,但在这里主动语态表示被动含义。因为铁路不可能自己延伸,延伸铁路的必定是人。再如:这个问题已经解决了。(The problem has been solved.)

8. is a man of great enterprise

解析:本题也有很强的干扰性。考生易译成has a strong heart of career,这种翻译看起来与中文对应,实际上不能被接受,而且完全背离了原文的意思。"很强的事业心"有自己固定说法:sb. of great enterprise,也可以说成:be self-motivated ịand result-oriented。

9. I heard him playing the piano

解析:本题是对基本知识点的考查。我们知道,感官的动词hear,see,watch等有两种接续形式:一个是后接现在分词,一个是后接不带to的不定式作宾语补足语。接现在分词表示动作正在进行中;接不带to的不定式表示动作已经完成。根据题意,应该选择第一种翻译。

10. Students should draw a lesson here

解析:本题意为:学生们应该从这里得出一条经验:不要被假象所迷惑。看到"经验"一词,大多考生会反应出experience,但根据全句意思可知,"经验"两字在这里并不是指取得成功之后所积累的经验,而是指从错误和失败中得出的教训。Lesson表示教训、惩戒、训诫等,在译文中能准确传递原文的内涵。
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