Part V

Individuals and businesses have legalprotection for intellectual property they create and own . intellectual proper_62_from creative thinking and may include products, 63  processes, and ideas. Intellectual propertyis protected  64  misapproprition(盗用)Misappropriation is taking theIntellectual propetty of others withour ____65____ compensation and using itfor monetary gain.

       Legalprotection is provided for the ___66___of intellectual propetty. The threecommon types of legal protection are patents, copyrights, and trademarks.

       Patentsprovide exclusive use of inventions. If the u.s patent office __67__ a patent,it is confirmind that the intellectual property is ___68____. The patentprevents others from making ,using, or selling the invention without the owner’s__69___ for a period of 20 years.

       Copyrightare similar to patents __70___that they are applied to artistic works. Acopyright protects the creator of an __72___artisitic or intellectual work,such as a song or a novel. A copyright gives the owner wxclusive rights tocopy, __72___ display, or perform the work . the copyright prevents others fromusing and selling the work , the __73___ of a copyright is typically thelifetime of the author

62

retrieves

deviates

results

departs

63

services

reservers

assumptions

motions

64

for

with

by

from

65

sound

partial

due

random

66

users

owners

masters

executives

67

affords

affiliates

funds

grants

68

solemn

sober

unique

universal

69

perspective

permission

conformity

consensus

70

except

besides

eyond

despite

71

absolute

alternative

original

orthodox

72

presume

stimulate

nominate

distribute

73

range

length

scale

extent

74 an additional 70 years.                              74 A) plus     C)via

Trademarks are words, names, or symbols that             B) versus    D) until

Identify the manufacturer of a productand  75 it           75 A)distract   C)distinguish

from similar goods of others.  A servicemark is               B)differ      D) disconnect

similar to a trademark 76 is used to identify               76 A) or      C) so

services. A trademark prevents others fromusing              B) but       D)whereas

the  77or a similar word, name, or symbol to               77 A) identical  C)literal

                                                      B) analogical  D) parallel

take advantage of the recognition and 78of the               78 A) ambiguity  C) popularity

brand or to create confusion in themarketplace.                B)utility      D) proximity

79registration, a trademark is usually granted                79 A) From     C) Before

                                                       B) Over      D) Upon

for a period of ten years. It can be 80 for                 80 A)recurred      C) recalled

                                                     B) renewed      D) recovered

additional ten-year periods indefinitely as 81 as            81 A)long      C)far

the mark’s use continues.                                  B)soon    D) well

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