完形填空考点

1、固定搭配:动介搭配,介名搭配等

2、词意辨析:形近词,意近词,形近意似词

It is an immensely complex______ that we take for granted.
A process B progress
C product D prospect
四个词为形近词,但从语意上看,和“complex复杂的”,搭配最恰当的只有“process过程”
B 前进,进步C 产品D 前景
Families__1__many as 10 people have had to shelter__2__a single tent and share cookstoves and bathing___3__with neighbors.
1. A like B as C so D too
2. A by B below C under D with
3. A facilities   B instruments
  C implements D appliances

Q1题纯属固定搭配;Q2 根据句意选择“在帐篷下遮蔽” Q3难度较大,近义词辨析:

B通常和乐器搭配musical instruments
C farm implements 农具
D electric appliances 家用电器
A facility: rooms, services or equipment that are provided for particular purposes 设备,设施

This point in that cycle at which you wake can ___ how you feel later.
A effect  B affect
C reflect  D perfect

3、通过形近意似的原则,可以判断答案在A,B之间,而横线之前是can,所以选动词affect
逻辑关系:转折让步,递进,对比,因果,并列(增补,转折,选择,因果),举例
转折让步词:
however, nevertheless, yet, still(然而), though, in spite of , despite,regardless of (尽管,即使)
递进词:besides, in addition, moreover, furthermore, what’s more(此外), even(甚至)
对比词:in contrast, on the contrary,  on the other hand, instead (相反)
因果词:because, since, due to, owing to, because of, therefore,consequently
并列 (增补):also, as well as (并且)
not only … but also … (不但,而且)
both … and …
neither … nor …
并列(转折):but, while
并列(选择):or, either……or……, whether……or……
并列(因果):for(因为), so(所以)
举例:for example, for instance, such as  

4、上下文意思衔接:高频原则,简单原则
For this reason, they _1_students to meet others with differing _2_ and to read widely to _3_ their understanding in many fields of study.

  1.A prompt   B provoke
     C encourage D anticipate
  2.A histories  B expression
     C interests  D curiosities
  3.A broaden  B lengthen
     C enforce   D specify

完形填空做题步骤:

1、第一遍,边阅读全文,边做出2-3个固定搭配。阅读的时候,千万不要急于看文章后每个题目的选项,应该对空格所在的上下文仔细阅读,预测可能出现的答案。如果选项中某一个与预测的答案接近或一致,那么答案十有八九是这个选项
2、了解大意之后,其余的选项方可以句子为单位,或以上下一句为背景,在词意,词性,搭配和用法上对词语进行辨析
3、遇到逻辑关系的选项,转折首选,递进其次
4、留意横线之前的and, 小心前后呼应,借用相似相反相近原则

_1_ overnight, scores of tent villages bloomed _2_ the region, tended by international aid organizations, military _3_ and aid groups working day and night to shelter the survivors before winter set _4_.
Mercifully, the season was mild. But with the _5__ of spring, the refugees will be moved again.
   1.A altogether B almost
      C scarcely  D surely
   2.A among   B above
  C amid    D across  
   3.A ranks    B equipment
        C personnel D installations
   4.A out      B in
     C on      D forth
   5.A falling   B emergence
      C arrival   D appearing
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