"Culture shock" occurs as result of total immersion in a new culture.It happens to "people who have been suddenly transplanted abroad."Newcomers may be anxious because they do not speak the language,know the customs,or understand people's behavior in daily life.The visitor finds that "yes" may not always mean "yes",that friendliness does not necessarily mean friendship,or that statements that appear to be serious are really intended as jokes.The foreigner may be unsure as to when to shake hands,when to start conversations,or how to approach a stranger.The notion of "culture shock" helps explain feelings of bewilderment and disorientation.Language problems do not account for all the frustrations that people feel.When one is deprived of everything that was once familiar,such as understanding a transportation system, knowing how to register for university classes,or knowing how to make friends,difficulties in coping whth the new society may arise.

  "...when an individual enters a strange culture,he or she is like fish out of water."Newcomers feel at times that they do not belong to and feel alienated from the native members of the culture.When this happens visitors may want to reject everything about the new environment and may glorify and exaggerate the positive aspects of their own culture.Conversely visitors may scorn their native country by rejecting its values and instead choosing to identify with(if only temporatily)the value of the new country.This may occur as an attempt to over-identify with the new culture in order to be accepted by the people in it.

引用
1.The expression "he or she is like fish out of water"suggests ______.
a.people away from their cultures can hardly survive in a new culture
b.a fish can not survive without water
c.people away from their culture experience mental isolation
d.people away from their culture have difficulties in new environment
  
2.In order to identify with the new environment,some people may ______.
a.give an exaggerated picture of their own country
b.criticize the positive aspects of their own county
c.abandon their original beliefs
d.accept a temporary set of values
  
3.Which of the following statements is true according to the author?
a.Perplexity results in culture shock.
b.A typical symptom of cultur shock is confusion.
c.Culture shock is the explanation of anxiety.
d.Culture shock happens to foreign students only.

4.Newcomer may worry about ______.
a.their ignorance of the alien customs
b.their knowledge of "Yes" in the native language
c.their understanding of friendship
d.their control of their behavior

5.When the foreign visitor is immersed in new problems he finds hard to cope whith,he is most likely to feel ______.
a.uninsured
b.deprived
c.alienated
d.baffled

【答案】:cbbac
【解析】:1.选C。根据下文“Newcomers feel at times that they do not belong to and feel alienated from the native members of the culture.”推断本句要说明“远离自己文化背景的人,会忍受精神上的孤独”。
2.选B。由文章最后一段得知“有的人会采取认同所在地的文化价值观而贬低自己的原有文化价值观的方式,已求得当地人的接受。”
3.选B。由文中“The notion of ‘culture shock’ helps explain feelings of bewilderment and disorientation.”中bewilderment和disorientation两词含义可知。
4.选A。因为alien是生词,而另外三句话中没有生词,因此可用排除法来做此题,B、C、D选项都太片面了。
5.选C。文中在Newcomers feel at times that they do not belong to and feel alienated from the native members of the culture.这句里有明显提示。
tiny blue IP
08/05/29 09:29
为什么有6个答案 ?麻烦编辑核对一下shy
admin 回复于 08/05/29 10:59
谢谢您的提醒,编辑的时候出了些问题。我们已经核对,并附上答案解析。
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