短文改错(Error Correction)

Jane Adams came from a well-to-do and cultural family. She was so
distressed about the misery of poor people as she left her fine home to ___1___
spend her life in slums of Chicago. In 1889, she established a settlement ___2___
house where she initiated many projects such as hot lunch service that for ___3___
factory workers, day care centers for children, free classes for young
and adults, gymnasium and art gallery. Immigrants and other poor people
came to her settlement house for advice and help, as well for fun. ___4___
Jane Adams was also passive in fighting against the use of child labor ___5___
and against war. She work for women’s right to vote and for improving ___6___
the situation of the blacks. She initiated country vocation program for
poor city children. Jane Adams had a great influence to the development ___7___
of social work in the United States and in other parts of the world She
promoted the idea of responsibility for the welfare of the poor. Settlement
houses of a similar kind was founded in many poor neighborhood to make ___8___
the lives of the poor more meaningful. In 1931, Jane Adams was rewarded ___9___
the Nobel Prize for which she had done for the society. ___10___



答案及解析:

1. as -> that
此处是so…that…结构。....so distressed......that she left.....

2. slums前加the
slums后有of Chicago作后置定语,所以定冠词the 不能省略。

3. that -> /
that作引导词时,后面接的是句子,在本题中that后面是短语for factory workers,所以不用that。

4. well后加as

5. passive -> active
passive意为“消极的,被动的”。从文中可知Jane Adams是一位热心服务的人,因此她应该是积极的而不是消极地为人权而战。所以要把passive改为active“积极的”。

6. work –> worked
根据整篇文章的时态可知,此处应该是过去时。

7. to -> on
have an influence / effect / impact on为固定搭配,意为“对…的影响”。

8. was -> were
此处的主语是Settlement houses,所以谓语动词要用复数形式。

9. rewarded -> awarded
reward意为“报答,酬谢,奖励”;award意为“授予,给予”。此处的意思应该是Jane Adams被授予诺贝尔奖,所以要用award。

10. which -> what
此处what引导名词性从句作done的宾语,整个名词性从句what she had done for the society作介词for的宾语。
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