本篇短改错为2006年12月老题型真题


The most important starting point for improving the
understanding of science is undoubtedly an adequate
scientific education at school. Public attitudes towards
science owe much the way science is taught in these ___1___
institutions. Today, school is what most people come into ___2___
contact with a formal instruction and explanation of science
for the first time, at least in a systematic way. It is at this
point which the foundations are laid for an interest in science. ___3___
What is taught (and how) in this first encounter will largely
determine an individual’s view of the subject in adult life.
Understanding the original of the negative attitudes ___4___
towards science may help us to modify them. Most education
system neglect exploration, understanding and reflection. ___5___
Teachers in schools tend to present science as a collection of
facts, often by more detail than necessary. As a result, ___6___
children memorize processes such as mathematical formulas or the
periodic table, only to forget it shortly afterwards. The ___7___
task of learning facts and concepts, one at a time, makes
learning laborious, boring and efficient. Such a purely ___8___
empirical approach, which consists of observation and
description, is also, in a sense, unscientific or incomplete.
There is therefore a need for resources and methods of
teaching that facilitates a deep understanding of science in___9___
an enjoyable way. Science should not only be “fun” in the
same way as playing a video game, but ‘hard fun’—deep
feeling of connection made possibly only by imaginative ___10___
engagement.



答案及解析:
1. much后加to
本题考查owe的固定搭配用法。owe sth to sth / sb 意为“把…归功于...”,还有另一种表达就是owe sb sth,与owe sth to sb同义,意为“欠某人某物”。

2. what -> where
本题要表达的意思是:学校是……的地方,所以要用where。

3. which -> that
此处是it is .. that..的强调句句型,强调句的that不能省略。which不能做强调句的引导词。

4. original -> origin
original是形容词,这里需要一个名词做understanding的宾语,所以要改成其相应的名词origin。

5. system -> systems
System是单数可数名词,不能单独使用。由前面的Most可判断,这里应该用复数形式。

6. by -> in
in detail是固定搭配,意为“详细地,详尽地”。

7. it -> them
此处的代词指的是上一行的processes,由于processes是复数,所以用复数形式的代词them。

8. efficient -> inefficient
由前面的laborious“废劲的”和boring“烦人的”可判断,这里应该用一个贬义词与它们并列,所以要把efficient改为inefficient“无效率的”。

9. facilitates -> facilitate
这句话that引导的是一个定语从句,在找错误前首先要了解先行词究竟是哪个(teaching,resources and methods还是need?)。根据意思,应该是“教学资源和教学方法使得对科学的深刻了解变得更容易”,所以这个定语从句的先行词应该是resources and methods,of teaching只是作resources and methods的定语。先行词是复数,从句的谓语也应该用复数形式,所以将facilitates改为facilitate。

10. possibly -> possible
此处考查的是make +宾语+形容词(宾语补足语),这里把宾语提前,用了被动语态形式。还原成原句应该是deep feeling of connection is made possible only by imaginative engagement, 这里把is去掉了,直接用过去分词made作deep feeling of connection的定语。
发表评论
表情
emotemotemotemotemot
emotemotemotemotemot
emotemotemotemotemot
emotemotemotemotemot
emotemotemotemotemot
打开HTML
打开UBB
打开表情
隐藏
记住我
昵称   密码   游客无需密码
网址   电邮   [注册]