Sporting activities are essentially modified forms of

  hunting behavior. Viewing biologically, the modernS1. __________

  footballer is revealed as a member of a disguised hunting

  pack. His killing weapon has turned into a harmless football

  and his prey into a goal-mouth. If his aim is inaccurate and heS2. __________

  scores a goal, enjoys the hunter’s triumph of killing his prey.

  To understand how this transformation has taken place weS3. __________

  must briefly look up at our ancient ancestors. They spent over aS4. __________

  million year evolving as co-operative hunters. Their very survivalS5. __________

  depended on success in the hunting-field. Under this pressure

  their whole way of life, even if their bodies, became radicailyS6. __________

  changed. They became chasers, runners, jumpers, aimers,

  throwers and prey-killers. They co-operate as skillful male-groupS7. __________

  attackers.

  Then, about ten thousand years ago, when this immenselyS8. __________

  long formative period of hunting for food, they became

  farmers. Their improved intelligence, so vital to their old

  hunting life, were put to a new use—that of penning (把S9. __________

  ……关在圈中), controlling and domesticating their prey. The

  food was there on the farms, awaiting their needs. The risks and

  uncertainties of farming were no longer essential for survival.S10.__________

  【答案请见下页】

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