Part IV      Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth)     (25 minutes)



Section A



Directions: In this section, there is a short passage with 5 questions or incomplete statements. Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words. Please write your answers on Answer Sheet 2.



答案:

47.capturing and storing CO2或者capture and storage of CO2

48. capture and storage

49. put it to new use

50. increase their yield of fruits and vegetables

51. the scale of CO2 emissions



【解析】

这是一篇科技文。文章就降低碳排放这个话题,讨论了捕捉并储存二氧化碳的可能性。主题虽然是碳排放,但是文章科技术语很少,也比较贴近生活,所以难度并不高。题目都是事实细节题,不需要推论,考生只要根据题干的关键词,定位信息,在原文中找到答案,誊抄下来就可以了。此题阅卷的原则就是尽量用原文的话来回答问题,所以注意,尽量少修改原文信息。



Section B



Directions: There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.



Passage One

52. D. Its negative effects have long been neglected.

53. A. Goals with financial rewards have strong motivational power.

54. B. They resorted to unethical practice to meet their sales quota.

55. B. Its conclusion is not based on solid scientific evidence.

56. A. Studying goal-setting can throw more light on successful business practices.



【解析】

本文出自http://www.upenn.edu/pennnews/current/node/4056,原文题目为The dark side of goal-setting。 这篇文章有一定难度,尤其是作者的态度一定要把握好。作者并未全盘否定目标制定,而是说一定要制定切合实际的目标,以保证建设性推进计划,避免不道德行为伤害到计划的实施,因此这方面的研究值得继续推进下去,给大家更好的指导。



Passage two

57. D) Free market plus government intervention.

58. B) Government regulation hinders economic development.

59. B) Effective measures adopted by the government.

60. D) They give up the idea of smaller government and less regulation.

61. D) Excessive borrowing.



【解析】

文章改编自新闻网站The Daily Beast的文章Asian Wisdom,主题是“那些过度负债、经济增长缓慢的西方国家能从经济繁荣的亚洲学到什么东西”。作者认为美国和欧洲都受制于自己的意识形态,并指出一些明智的联邦政府措施就可以使美国重新走上正确的道路;欧洲的问题在于不断增加的债务,必须从根本上寻找解决之道。

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