Part V Cloze
  The Truth About Plastic
  By BRYAN WALSH Thursday, July 10, 2008 (Time magazine)
  If you know where to find a good plastic-free shampoo, can you tell Jeanne Haegele? Last September, the 28-year-old Chicago resident 62. resolved to cut plastics out of her life. The marketing coordinator was concerned about 63. what the chemicals coming out of some common types of plastic might be doing to her body. She was also worried about the damage all the plastic 64. rubbish was doing to the environment. So she 65. hopped on her bike and rode to the nearest grocery store to see what she could find that didn’t 66. include plastic. "I went in and 67. barely bought anything," Haegele says. She did 68. purchase some canned food and a carton (纸盒) of milk---69. only to discover later that both containers were 70. lined with plastic resin(树脂). "Plastic," she says, "just seemed like it was in everything."
  She’s right. Back in the 1960s, plastic was well 71. on its way to becoming a staple of American life. The U.S. produced 28 million tons of plastic waste in 2005--27 million tons of which 72. ended up in landfills. Our food and water come 73. wrapped in plastic. It’s used in our phones and our computers, the cars we drive and the planes we ride in. But the 74. infinitely adaptable substance has its dark side. Environmentalists fret about the petroleum needed to make it. Parents worry about the possibility of 75.toxic chemicals making their way from 76. household plastic into children’s bloodstreams. Which means Haegele isn’t the only person trying to cut plastic out of her life--she isn’t 77. even the only one blogging about this kind of 78. endeavor. But those who’ve tried know it’s 79. far from easy to go plastic-free. "These things seem to be so common 80. that it is practically impossible to avoid coming into 81. contact with them," says Frederick vom Saal, a biologist at the University of Missouri.
  62:resolved
  63:what
  64: rubbish
  65:hopped
  66:include
  67:barely
  68:purchase
  69:only
  70:lined
  71:on
  72:ended up
  73:wrapped
  74:infinitely
  75:toxic
  76:household
  77:even
  78:endeavor
  79:far
  80:that
  81:contact
  本文摘自2008年《美国时代周刊》7月10日科技版,标题为The Truth About Plastic,由环保主义者Jeanne Haegele如何在生活中发现无塑料制品的举动引申到对塑料制品的思考。
  62. 介词搭配题。第一段开头提出问题:如果你知道哪儿能找到一种非塑料包装的洗发液,你能告诉Jeanne Haegele吗?接着引出去年9月,这位28岁的芝加哥居民决心不在日常生活中使用塑料制品。resolve to do sth. 决定做某事,recover和from搭配,重新获得…;remove… form 移开,免除…; retreat 撤退,退却,均不符合题意。
  63. 本题缺少一个连接词构成介词+宾语形式,根据句意判断,这里是常见塑料制品化学物质对可能会对人体产生的影响,应用what。
  64. 该题比较简单,根据上下文不难推断,这里是指塑料垃圾也会对环境产生危害。
  65. 这里考查固定搭配。hop on 跳上…。
  66. 根据前文,她跳上自行车去百货商店寻找不含塑料的商品。consist of sth.组成…; induce 诱导,引起;compose 构成,组成,与要表达的意义相反。
  67. 根据文章和常识可推断出,不含塑料成分的商品很少,因此她几乎买不到不含塑料的制品。此外,句末的anything也提示前面要用一个否定含义的词语,因此选barely。
  68. 和上句的bought对应,这里应该填purchase,“她没买到…,她确实买到了….”;pursue 继续,从事,追赶; preserve 保存,保护,维护; prescribe 开药方。
  69. 考查only to结构。她买到了罐装的食品和盒装牛奶,却发现外包装也是含有塑料树脂的。only to 结果是,不料竟会,表转折。
  70. 考查短语意义。be lined with给某物安衬里;做内衬;这里指罐装食品和盒装牛奶的包装内层是塑料树脂。
  71. 考查固定搭配。on one’s way to…在…的途中。
  72. 考查固定短语意义。end up in 以…告终;以…结束,尤指经历了一长段路程或过程。这里指垃圾2700万垃圾都被填埋在垃圾填埋场里。
  73. 词义辨析。这里举例说明20世纪60年代,塑料制品在美国人的日常生活中屡见不鲜,食品和水都采用塑料包装。wrap 包,缠绕;adopt 采取,接受;adapt 使适应,改变;trap 诱捕,使陷入困境。
  74. 根据上下文意义,这里需要填写一个说明塑料制品的性质的副词。依次代入各选项,infinitely是可无限再利用,符合题意。
  75. 跟上题一样,这里需要填入形容词说明塑料制品的性质。父母们担忧塑料制品有毒性,因此选toxic。
  76. 本题有一定难度,词义辨析。家长们担忧塑料制品有毒,会从家庭用品进入孩子们的血液循环,household比family更地道合适。
  77. 考查考生对上下文关系的理解。这里说Haegele不是唯一一个摈弃塑料制品的人,后半句递进,说明她甚至不是第一个写博客记录这种努力的人。
  78. 根据上题的阐释,Haegele的行为只是一种努力,不是出于勤奋,也不是娱乐,也并没有取得一定的成就。因此选endeavor。
  79. 考查固定搭配。根据全文意义可推断,塑料制品在我们的生活中如此普遍,要做到不使用塑料制品绝非易事,far from… 远非…。
  80. 考查so…that固定搭配。本题为送分题,不做过多解释。
  81. 考查固定短语搭配。come into contact with 接触到。
  总之,今年六级的完型填空,涉及4处名词,1处介词,7处动词,1处形容词和5处连词,2个副词。有一定难度,第76题较难,其余部分只要在句子内部或者句子之间进行上下文逻辑比对或语法搭配,即可完成。词义辨析和短语搭配考查较多,因此,考生要特别注意六词汇的积累、掌握和运用。
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