Part II Reading Comprehension(Skimming and Scanning)
  1. Google claims its plan for the world’s biggest online library is _____
  A. to save out-of-print books in libraries.
  B. to serve the interest of the general public
  C. to encourage reading around the world
  D. to promote its core business of searching
  【答案】B. to serve the interest of the general public
  【解析】关键词:claims its motives。关键句:The company claims its motives are essentially public-spirited. Its overall mission, after all, is to "organise the world’s information", so it would be odd if that information did not include books.
  2. According to Santiago de la Mora, Google’s book-scanning project will
  A. help the broad masses of readers
  B. broaden humanity’s intellectual horizons
  C. make full use of the power of its search engine
  D. revolutionise the entire book industry
  【答案】B. broaden humanity’s intellectual horizons
  【解析】关键词:Santiago de la Mora。关键句:As Santiago de la Mora, head of Google Books for Europe, puts it: "By making it possible to search the millions of books that exist today, we hope to expand the frontiers of human knowledge."
  3. Opponents of Google Books believe that digitally archiving the world’s books should be controlledby_______.
  A) the world’s tech giants
  B)the world’s leading libraries
  C)non-profit organizations
  D)multinational companies
  【答案】C. non-profit organizations
  【解析】关键词:Opponent。关键句:In a recent essay in the New York Review of Books, Robert Darnton, the head of Harvard University’s library, argued that because such books are a common resource – the possession of us all – only public, not-for-profit bodies should be given the power to control them.
  4. 4. Google has involved itself in a legal battle as it ignored______.
  A. the copyright of authors of out-of -print books
  B. the interest of traditional sellers
  C. the copyright of the books it scanned
  D. the differences of in-print and out-of-print books.
  【答案】D. the copyright of the books it scanned
  【解析】关键词:legal battle 。关键句:At its centre, however, is one simple issue: that of copyright. The inconvenient fact about most books, to which Google has arguably paid insufficient attention, is that they are protected by copyright.
  5. Google defends its scanning in-copyright books by saying that __________.
  A) making electronic copies of books is not a violation of copyright
  B) the online display of in-copyright books is not for commercial use
  C) it is willing to compensate the copyright holders
  D) it displays only a small part of their content
  【答案】B. the online display of in-copyright books is not for commercial use
  【解析】关键词:defends。关键句:In its defence, Google points out that it displays only snippets of books that are in copyright – arguing that such displays are "fair use".
  6. What do we learn about the class action suit against Google?
  A. It ended in a victory for the Authors Guild of America.
  B . It was settled after more than two years of negotiations.
  C . It failed to protect the interest of American publishers.
  D. It could lead to more out-of-court settlements of such disputes.
  【答案】 B. It was settle after more than two years of negotiation.
  【解析】关键词:the class action suit 。关键句:In 2005, the Authors Guild of America, together with a group of US publishers and publishers, launched a class action suit against Google that, after more than two years of wrangling, ended with an announcement last October that Google and the claimants had reached an out-of-court settlement.
  7. What remained controversial after the class action suit ended?
  A. The compensation for copyright holders.
  B. The change in Google’s business model.
  C. Google’s further exploitation of its database.
  D. The commercial provisions of the settlement.
  【答案】D. The commercial provision of the settlement
  【解析】关键词:controversial。关键句: It is these commercial provisions that are proving the settlement’s most controversial aspect.
  8. While_______, Google makes money by selling advertising.
  【答案】Providing information for free
  【解析】关键词:advertising。关键句:"Google’s business model has always been to provide information for free, and sell advertising on the basis of the traffic this generates,"
  9. Books whose copyright holders are not known are called_______.
  【答案】orphan works
  【解析】关键词:copyright holder 。关键句:Interest in this aspect of the settlement has focused on "orphan" works, where there is no known copyright holder – these make up an estimated 5% to 10% of the books Google has scanned.
  10. Google’s entrance into digital bookselling will tremendously _______ in the future.
  【答案】change the world’s book market
  【解析】关键词:digital book selling。关键句:But what is certain is that, in some way or another, Google’s entrance into digital bookselling will have a significant impact on the book world in years to come.

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