英语日记如何写

[不指定 07/10/09 19:28 | by admin ]
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     日记是人们对日常生活的记录,用来记述自己一天生活的所见、所闻、所问、所思、所感。英文日记通常由两部分构成,即书端和正文,其格式与中文相同,下面就是英文日记各部分的书写格式示意图:
  
  那么,用英语写日记应注意哪些方面的问题呢?
  
  1. 注意日期、星期和天气的书写位置。
  
  日期和星期要写在正文的左上角,其顺序多是“星期 + 月、日、年”,也有把星期放在后面的,如“ 2003 年 11 月 22 日,星期一”可写为“ Monday November 22, 2003 或 November 22, 2003 Monday ”。天气情况应写在正文的右上角,如: Fine, Rainy, Cloudy, Windy 等。
  
  2. 关于标题的书写。
  
  在日期和天气的下一行中间可以写上日记小标题,也可以不写标题。
  
  3. 关于正文的书写。
  
  正文是关于一天生活的记载,也是日记的主题。在书写正文时要做到: 1 )要选择当天感受最深刻、最有意义的事件来描述,不要写成简单的流水帐; 2 )日记的内容多是亲身经历和耳闻目睹的事情,所以要用第一人称来写; 3 )日记多是在当天晚上来记述当天发生过的事情,因为动词时态常使用过去时,但使用时必须灵活掌握,如景物描写、议论某事、对话引语等要使用现在时态; 4 )日记应以时间发生的先后顺序来展开,并且要简明扼要,条理清楚,写出真实感。


  [精彩展品]
  
  Sunday May 21,2003 Sunny
  
  Going on a Picnic
  
  Today was Sunday. The weather was fine and warm. The sky was very clear and blue. My classmates and I were very happy, because we went out for a picnic at Nanshan Hill. We went to Nanshan Hill by bike with fruits, eggs, meat, vegetables, knives and some other things.
  
  About one and a half hours later, we came to a nice place at the foot of the hill. There were many beautiful flowers and green trees. Birds sang their sweet songs. How pleased we were! Then we were busy with the picnic. Some of us were getting water, some were cutting the meat and vegetables and cook, others were sitting on the grass and waiting for nice lunch. At about 13 o'clock, our lunch was ready. We all sat around on the green grass, singing, talking, eating and drinking. At about 16:00 we began packing for our return.
  
  What a nice time we were having!
  
  [点到为止]
  
  小作者能用准确、地道的语言,简练的语句非常生动地描写出了野炊的场面。这篇文章条理清楚,尤其是“ some … some … , others …”句型,以及 singing, eating 等现在分词作伴随状语的运用,使这篇日记增色不少。本文结尾使用了一个感叹句,更加反映出小作者对这次野炊的真实情感。
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