2011年12月英语六级快速阅读解题思路

   1.六级快速阅读的做题步骤。

   由于整个快速阅读部分总体时间为15分钟,如果不进行合理的规划,这样的时间是绝对不够用的。很多考生朋友会问到底应该以一种什么样的顺序来做题?我们先来了解一下在考试大纲中的说法:
  “要求考生运用略读和查读的技能从篇章中获取信息。略读考核学生通过快速阅读获取文章主旨大意或中心思想的能力,阅读速度约为每分钟120词。查读考核学生利用各种提示,如数字、大字单词、段首或句首词等,快速查找特定信息的能力。”
  从考纲中我们发现,这里有三个重点信息:略读、查读、速度为120词/分钟。从这三点上我们基本上可以确实整体的步骤了,那就是选定信息+回到文章查找信息+对比解题。而且我们应该是看一题,做一题。这就是所谓的略读、查读。其实这正是我们平时所使用的从题干中找关键词,回文章定位的办法。快速阅读其实就是考定位。
  而另外一个信息,阅读速度问题,表面上看到这个120词/分钟,很考生都望而却步,这绝对是一个无法企及的速度,但笔者提醒大家看它前面的文字,这样读的目的是为了获取文章主旨大意,而不是精细分析,于是结合大家以往所掌握的英语阅读知识应该知道,在英语中主旨的位置往往是相对固定的,想要把握1200个单词的文章的主旨根本不需要全文阅读,只需要看几个位置就可以了,如标题、首段、小标题。所以说这里的阅读速度应该更确切的讲是平均速度。

  建议做题步骤:

  1)看题干,划出关键词。
  2)看一题,定位一题。
  3)对比原文与题干,找出异同或丢失信息,解题。
  3.六级快速阅读的解题方法。

  对历年真题比较熟悉的考生也会发现,在快速阅读中往往会出现以下三条小原则:

  1)题目的顺序与文章的顺序高度一致。

  不论是哪种题目组合,这十道题都是严格的按照行文的顺序,依次出现,所以大家完全可以好好利用这一条小规律,按照顺序去查找,并且坚决不走“回头路”。
  如果在做题中出现某道题的关键词不够明确,也可以通过这个小规律,采用“迂回”战术来解决,那就是先放着无法定位的题目不做,而去做下一道能够明确定位的题目,再利用题目与文章顺序一致,大概确定上题的范围,再做查找,范围缩小,也就意味着难度降低了。
  2)解题句几乎是将文章等分。
  3)正确答案基本是原文再现。

  这一点无需多讲,一如前面关于考纲的分析所讲过的,旨在考察考生快速查找信息的能力,所以重在找,而非转述或分析,只要找到信息就可以了,那么在答案中往往是以原文原词再现。如:2009年6月20日六级考试快速阅读中的第一题:
  1. When Lenore Skenazy’s son was allowed to take the subway alone,he____________________________.
  A) was afraid that he might get lost
  B) enjoyed having the independence
  C) was only too pleased to take the risk
  D) thought he was an exceptional child

  利用划线处的几个关键词,在原文中定位句:
  Still, when Lenore Skenazy, a columnist for the New York Sun, wrote about letting her son take the subway alone to get back to her Manhattan home from a department store on the Upper East Side, she didn’t expect to get hit with a wave of criticism from readers.
  “Long story short: My son got home, overjoyed with independence,” Skenazy wrote on April 4 in the New York Sun.
  于是正确答案即为B项,enjoyed having the independence。正是原文的再现。

  2.六级快速阅读的命题特征。

  六级快速阅读的文章篇幅约为1200单词,通常是略多一些的,整个题目的给定时间为15分钟。文章之后是十道题目,这十题可以会出现两种组合:一种为4 道是非判断题(也就是大家所熟悉的Y/N/NG题)加上6道句子填空题(也可称补全句子);另一种为 7道选择题加上3道句子填空题。
  至于考试最终会以哪种形式出题,在考纲中是没有明确说明的,从改革之后的几次实考情况来看,06年12 月六级开始使用新题型,到09年6月的六级考试中,第一种题目组合形式考了两次,分别是06年12月和07年6月;第二种题目组合形式考了之后的四次。大家可以从以上的信息中来分配自己对于每种题型的复习时间。
2011年12月英语六级阅读理解训练(5)

点击在新窗口中浏览此图片

  1. What is fake foning?
  [A] A strategy to avoid people.
  [B] A device newly produced.
  [C] A service provided everywhere.
  [D] A skill of communication.
  2. Which of the following statements is INCORRECT?
  [A] Cellphone service is popular among people.
  [B] Cellphone has much use in office
  [C] Fake foning is a new cellphone service.
  [D] Fake foning is a new discovery.
  3. In the author’s opinion, in order to make fake foning look real one has to
  [A] talk about interesting matters
  [B] behave politely to people passing by
  [C] hold the phone while walking
  [D] appear absorbed in conversation
  4. What does the last example show?
  [A] One effective way is to fake fone one’s doctor.
  [B] One has to be careful while fake foning.
  [C] Fake foning may not deceive people.
  [D] Fake foning is always quite successful.
  5. After his phone suddenly began ringing, the author
  [A] immediately started talking to the caller
  [B] immediately started talking to his colleague
  [C] put the phone away and stopped talking
  [D] continued with his fake conversation

【答案见下页】
点击在新窗口中浏览此图片

  1. By saying "the growth of the proportion...to younger generations." (Line 2, Para. 5 ), Anthea Tinker really means that
  [A] currently wealth flows from older generation to younger generation
  [B] traditionally wealth flows from younger generation to older generation
  [C] with the increasingly big population of over 50, the trend arises that wealth flows from younger generation to older generation
  [D] with more and more people of over 50, traditions have been reversed
  2. Why are today’s older middle-aged and elderly becoming the new winners?
  [A]Because they made relatively small contributions in tax, but younger generation will possibly hand over more than a third of their lifetime’s earnings for the care of them.
  [B] Because they contributed a lot in tax and now can claim much on the welfare system.
  [C] Because they made small contributions, but now can make money easily.
  [D] Because they outnumber younger generation and enjoy more privileges in the present society.
  3. Which factor pushed up house prices?
  [A] Many young men, who live alone, have increased demand for houses.
  [B] Many young men need to rent more houses.
  [C] It is easy to apply for a mortgage for young generation.
  [D] The number of older people, many of whom live alone, becomes bigger and bigger.
  4. In what way does Laura Lenox-Conyngham make her living?
  [A] By taking photographs for magazines.
  [C] By subletting the lounge sofa-bed to her brother.
  [B] By marrying a rich man.
  [D] By preparing food for photographs for some magazines.
  5. We can conclude from the passage that
  [A] today’s under-thirties are leading a miserable life in Britain
  [B] Laura Lenox-Conyngham’s attitude to work and life represents that of many young professionals in Britain
  [C] life can get harder for under-thirties in Britain
  [D] elders enjoy extremely high living standards in Britain

【答案见下页】
  As Toyota and Hummer have learned, growing too fast can be a dangerous thing.
  From its origins, success in the auto industry has been about scale. In the early decades of the 20th century, Henry Ford was able to democratize the car and dominate the early auto industry because he built, and then continually improved, an assembly line that could make huge numbers of cars in a short amount of time. Bigger was always better.
  But two items from yesterday’s dispatch in the ongoing car dramas indicate why that’s not always true.
  Item No. 1: The Toyota debacle (失败). The mass failings of Toyota’s legendary quality-control efforts are now on full display in the hearings that have subjected CEO Akio Toyoda to a ritualized set of apologies and humiliations (羞辱). In recent years Toyota rode its efficiency and better financial management — it didn’t have to contend with the burdensome pension and health-care benefits that sandbagged the Big Three (i.e. General Motors, Ford, and Chrysler) — to large gains in market share and significant growth. In 2007 Toyota surpassed GM as the largest carmaker in the world.
  But something got lost in the process. As Toyoda acknowledged on Wednesday: “I fear the pace at which we have grown may have been too quick. I would like to point out here that Toyota’s priority has traditionally been: first, safety; second, quality; and third, volume. These priorities became confused.” In other words, Toyoda seemed to admit, the company went wrong by moving size — i.e., volume — to the front of the line.
  Item No. 2: After a series of failed efforts to sell it, GM announced that its Hummer brand would be wound down. Hummer had a different problem with bigness than Toyota has. It wasn’t that its production volumes were too high. In 2008 only 2,710 Hummers were sold. Rather, the outsize Hummer was simply too big — too inefficient, too out of step with the times — to succeed in a marketplace in which oil spiked to $150 per barrel and seems to have settled at a plateau above $70 a barrel. As the economy tanked, energy prices rose, and the spirit of the time shifted in favor of conservation, the gas-guzzling Hummer faced a double whammy (厄运): consumers had difficulty affording the vehicle’s high list price as well as difficulty affording its high operating price.
  Size does matter when it comes to auto production. But not always in the way manufacturers think.
  1. The example of Henry Ford’s assembly line suggests that the success in the auto industry was built on__________ .
  2. According to the author, Toyota’s fast growth in recent years was attributed to__________ .
  3. CEO Akio Toyoda seemed to admit that Toyota betrayed its tradition of putting __________at top priority.
  4. According to the passage, GM decided to gradually bring its Hummer brand to an end because of __________ .
  5. According to the passage, whether purchasing or operating a Hummer, consumers found it hard to __________ .
【答案见下页】
  There he was America’s first President with a MBA, the man who loves to boast about his business background, whose presidential campaign raised unprecedented sums from corporate wallets and whose cabinet is stuffed with chief executives. Faith in the integrity of American business leaders was being undermined(破坏), George Bush said fiercely, by executives "breaching trust and abusing power". It was time for "a new ethic of personal responsibility in the business community". He was going to "end the days of cooking the books, shading the truth and breaking our laws"。

  Only months ago, the idea that George W Bush would publicly lambaste America’s cooperate bosses was laughable. As a candidate, born on the wave of a decade-long economic boom and an unprecedented 18-year bull market, he cashed in on American’s love affair with corporate success. But things are different now. The stock market bubble has burst and, despite signs of economic recovery. Wall Street seems to be sunk in gloom. A string of scandals at some of America’s most high-flying firms--including Enron, Xerox. Tyco, Global Crossing and most recently, World Com??has radically changed the public mood。

  As political pressure for reform increases, so too does the heat on Mr Bush. Is the businessman’s president really prepared to take business on and push hard for reform? Despite the set jaw and aggrieved tone in New York. Probably not. Mr. Bush thinks the current crisis stems from a few bad-apple chief executives rather than the system as a whole. Hence he focus on tough penalties for corrupt businessmen and his plea for higher ethical standards. The president announced the creation of a financial-crimes SWAT team, at the Justice Department to root out corporate fraud, and wants to double the maximum prison sentence for financial fraud from five to ten years. But he offered few concrete suggestions for systemic reform: little mention of changes to strengthen shareholders’ rights, not even an endorsement of the Senate corporate-reform bill。

  There are few signs yet that cleaning up corporate America is an issue that animates the voters. Polls show that Americans have little faith in their business leaders, but politicians do not seem to be suffering as a result. Mr. Bush’s approval ratings have fallen from their sky-highs, but they are still very strong。

  The president, therefore, need do no more than talk tough. This alone will convince ordinary Americans that he is on top of the issue. As the economy rebounds and public outage subsides, the clamor for change will be quieter. Democratic attacks will fizzle, and far-reaching reform bills will be watered down before they become law. Politically, the gamble makes sense. Unfortunately for American capitalism, a great opportunity will be missed。

  1 We can infer from the third paragraph that Mr. Bush______。
  A) didn’t intend to take business on and push hard for reform
  B) did not do anything at all for the presence of the current situation
  C) took shareholders’ right into account, but he didn’t approve reform bill
  D) took some measures to pave the way for the reform
  2. According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE?
  A) Bush had to offer concrete suggestions for reform as political pressure increase
  B) At present, the maximum prison sentence for financial fraud is five year
  C) It is laughable that M Bush publicly attacked America’s corporate bosses
  D) Americans have little faith in their business as well as political leaders
  3. Which of the following statements about Mr. Bush is mentioned in this passage?
  A) M Bush is the second President with an MBA in American history
  B) M Bush contributes a lot to decade-long economic boom
  C) M Bush’s approval ratings are still high D) M Bush didn’t get support in his presidential campaign
  4 The author’s attitude towards the reform is______。
  A) indifferent B) optimistic C) skeptical D) favorable
  5. The phrase "a great opportunity" mentioned in the last paragraph refers to an opportunity to______。
  A) carry out reform B) boom economy C) animate the voters D) attack chief executive
【答案见下页】
分页: 4/36 第一页 上页 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 下页 最后页 [ 显示模式: 摘要 | 列表 ]