Racket, din clamor, noise, whatever you want to call it, unwanted sound is America’s most widespread nuisance. But noise is more than just a nuisance. It constitutes a real and present danger to people’s health. Day and night, at home, at work, and at play, noise can produce serious physical and psychological stress. No one is immune to this stress. Though we seem to adjust to noise by ignoring it, the ear, in fact, never closes and the body still responds—sometimes with extreme tension, as to a strange sound in the night.

  The annoyance we feel when faced with noise is the most common outward symptom of the stress building up inside us. Indeed, because irritability is so apparent, legislators have made public annoyance the basis of many noise abatement programs. The more subtle and more serious health hazards associated with stress caused by noise traditionally have been given much less attention. Nevertheless, when we are annoyed or made irritable by noise, we should consider these symptoms fair warning that other thing may be happening to us, some of which may be damaging to our health.

  Of many health hazards to noise, hearing loss is the most clearly observable and measurable by health professionals. The other hazards are harder to pin down. For many of us, there may be a risk that exposure to the stress of noise increases susceptibility to disease and infection. The more susceptible among us may experience noise as a complicating factor in heart problems and other diseases. Noise that causes annoyance and irritability in health persons may have serious consequences for these already ill in mind or body.

  Noise affects us throughout our lives. For example, there are indications of effects on the unborn child when mothers are exposed to industrial and environmental noise. During infancy and childhood, youngsters exposed to high noise levels may have trouble falling asleep and obtaining necessary amounts of rest.
  Why, then, is there not greater alarm about these dangers? Perhaps it is because the link between noise and many disabilities or diseases has not yet been conclusively demonstrated. Perhaps it is because we tend to dismiss annoyance as a price to pay for living in the modern world. It may also be because we still think of hearing loss as only an occupational hazard.


  1. The author’s attitude toward noise would best be described as ___.
  A. unrealistic
  B. traditional
  C. concerned
  D. hysterical
  2. In Paragraph 1, the phrase “immune to” are used to mean ___.
  A. unaffected by
  B. hurt by
  C. unlikely to be seen by
  D. unknown by
  3. Which of the following best states the main idea of the passage?
  A. Noise is a major problem; most people recognize its importance.
  B. Although noise can be annoying, it is not a major problem.
  C. Noise is a major problem and has not yet been recognized as such.
  D. Noise is a major problem about which nothing can be done.
  4. The author condemns noise essentially because it ___.
  A. is against the law
  B. can make some people irritable
  C. is a nuisance
  D. in a ganger to people’s health
  5. The author would probably consider research about the effects noise has on people to be ___.
  A. unimportant
  B. impossible.
  C. a waste of money
  D. essential
【答案见下页】
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      1.Which of the following statements is INCORRECT?
  [A]Cellphone service is popular among people.
  [B]Cellphone has much use in office.
  [C]Fake foiling is a new cellphone service.
  [D]Fake foning is a new discovery.

  2.What is fake foning?
  [A]A strategy to avoid people.
  [B]A device newly produced.
  [C]A service provided everywhere.
  [D]A skill of communication.

  3.In the author’s opinion,in order to make fake foning look real one has to_____.
  [A]talk about interesting matters
  [B]behave politely to people passing by
  [C]hold the phone while walking
  [D]appear absorbed in conversation

  5.After his phone suddenly began ringing the author_______.
  [A]immediately started talking to the caller
  [B]immediately started talking to his colleague
  [C]putt he phone away and stopped talking
  [D]continued with his fake conversation

  4.what does the last example show?
  [A]One effective way is to fake fone one’s doctor.
  [B]One has to be careful while fake foning.
  [C]Fake foning may not deceive people.
  [D]Fake foning is always quite successful.
【答案见下页】
       首先,现在考试中的阅读量越来越大,寻读的目的主要能在最短的时间找到想要的内容,是有目标地去找出文中某些特定的信息,也就是说,在对文章有所了解(即略读)后,在文章中查找与某一问题、某一观点或某一单词有关的信息,寻找解题的可靠依据。寻读时,要以很快的速度扫视文章,确定所查询的信息范围。值得庆幸的是,在四级快速阅读的测试文章中,已经有了明确的小标题,这就能够帮助我们很快地锁定解题范围。同时,还应该注意题目中体现出的所查信息的特点。

     如:问题或填空的句子中涉及到人名、地名,则主要寻找首字母大写的单词;有关日期、数目的问题,则主要查找具体数字;有关某个事件、某种观点等,就需要寻找与此相关的关键词,而与所查信息无关的内容可一掠而过。

  如样题第6题:In the United States the building of landfills is the job of both federal and local governments.

  在判断时,一些特殊的用词,“United States”,“building of landfills”都提示我们顺利找到原文的“In the United States, taking care of trash and building landfills are local government responsibilities.”来判断正误。

  随后的第9题:To dispose of a ton of trash in a landfill, customers have to pay a tipping fee of . 则可以通过“customers”、“ tipping fee”找到原文“Customers are charged tipping fees for using the site. The tipping fees vary from $10 to $40 per ton.”来填写空格。

  总的来说,从最新的样题来看,快速阅读理解部分由于其篇幅长,题目灵活,会让考生感觉无从下手。但是,对于该题型我们有一个清晰的概念,那就是快速阅读测试的重点就是考生在短时间内获取篇章主旨和特定信息的能力,因此,它更强调了正确的阅读方法和技巧的贯彻。只要我们掌握一定的方法,培养好的阅读习惯,还是很容易在一段时间内取得满意的成绩。

  寻读的目的主要是有目标地去找出文中某些特定的信息,也就是说,在对文章有所了解(即略读)后,在文章中查找与某一问题、某一观点或某一单词有关的信息,寻找解题的可靠依据。寻读时,要以很快的速度扫视文章,确定所查询的信息范围。值得庆幸的是,在四级快速阅读的测试文章中,已经有了明确的小标题,这就能够帮助我们很快地锁定解题范围。同时,还应该注意题目中体现出的所查信息的特点。如:问题或填空的句子中涉及到人名、地名,则主要寻找首字母大写的单词;有关日期、数目的问题,则主要查找具体数字;有关某个事件、某种观点等,就需要寻找与此相关的关键词,而与所查信息无关的内容可一掠而过。
  如样题第6题:In the United States the building of landfills is the job of both federal and local governments.

  在判断时,一些特殊的用词,“United States”,“building of landfills”都提示我们顺利找到原文的“In the United States, taking care of trash and building landfills are local government responsibilities.”来判断正误。

  随后的第9题:To dispose of a ton of trash in a landfill, customers have to pay a tipping fee of . 则可以通过“customers”、“ tipping fee”找到原文“Customers are charged tipping fees for using the site. The tipping fees vary from $10 to $40 per ton.”来填写空格。

  总的来说,从最新的样题来看,快速阅读理解部分由于其篇幅长,题目灵活,会让考生感觉无从下手。但是,对于该题型我们有一个清晰的概念,那就是快速阅读测试的重点就是考生在短时间内获取篇章主旨和特定信息的能力,因此,它更强调了正确的阅读方法和技巧的贯彻。只要我们掌握一定的方法,培养好的阅读习惯,还是很容易在一段时间内取得满意的成绩。



2012年12月英语六级快速阅读注意范围和速度

1、扩大阅读的范围

    在英语六级阅读中前两部分通常是实用性强的功能性短文,如菜单、产品说明、通知、住宿安排和广告等,非常贴近西方的实际生活,但对我们国内绝大多数考生而言会很陌生。这就要求考生们争取每天阅读一定量的原版英文报刊、书籍,如time、 reader’s digest等,尤其注意其中的各种各样的广告。并非要读懂每一个字,或完全理解,只要能理解其中大至含义既可。

英语阅读中主要是关于历史中的重要人物、事件和发明和科学现象、学科最新动向、地理现象以及社会发展、经济状况等。其中大部分文章选自国外人文类、经济类和科学类的知名报纸、杂志或各政府、组织的研究报告。如:new scientist、 financial times、 the economist、 popular science、national geographic、scientific american 等。这些刊物在国内虽然不易看到,但考生们可以通过internet在网上进行阅读,以熟悉它们的文风、常用的词汇和句子结构。

2、提高阅读的速度

    提高英语阅读的速度,靠的不是一日之功,通常需要相当长一段时间的学习及训练。但过,加强英文基础训练、掌握必要的测试技巧和鄙弃一些坏习惯,都会有助于考生们阅读文章是加快速度。另外,可以参考阅读理解的两边阅读法。

英语考试的阅读部分,都是同时测试考生的阅读速度和理解的精确度,考生们既不能为了在1小时的时间内答完考题而单一求快,也不能为了答题的准确性高而不得不放弃回答一些问题。

英语阅读的速度可以通过加强自己快速阅读的能力来提高。快速阅读就是用扫描文章的方法对其结构有大致的了解,并把握其主旨。同时,在重点句子和词汇上做出标记。这种方法对阅读考试帮助极大,平时可多加练习。考生们应鄙弃逐词阅读的陋习,逐词阅读不但速度太慢,而且容易引起误解。而学会词汇组合阅读。

另外,为了提高阅读的速度还要养成良好的阅读习惯,不能边看边用嘴跟着读,眼、嘴并用必会降低读速;一旦发现生词(这种情况绝大多数考生都肯定要遇到),先不要紧张,要通过英语构词法(前缀、词根和后缀)来分析推测词义,或结合上下文、前后词语去猜测,如果根据上下文及前后词语还是无法确切了解其真正含义,你可以再看一下这个词对整个句子所构成的影响是肯定的,还是否定的,实际上这对你理解作者的意图已足够了,实在不行就做上记号,将来看一看是否影响答题,如无影响就坚决忽略,切记不要恋战。

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  1. In ancient Greece, the Olympic Games__________
  [A] were merely national athletic festivals
  [B] were in the nature of a national event with a strong religious color
  [C] had rules which put foreign participants in a disadvantageous position
  [D] were primarily national events with few foreign participants
  2. The order of athletic events at the ancient Olympics__________
  [A] was not definitely established
  [B] varied according to the number of foreign competitors
  [C] was decided by Zeus, in whose honor the Games were held
  [D] was considered unimportant
  3. In the early days of ancient Olympic Games, __________
  [A] only male Greek athletes were allowed to participate in the games
  [B] all Greeks, irrespective of sex, religion or social status, were allowed to take part
  [C] all Greeks, with the exception of women, were allowed to compete in Games
  [D] all male Greeks were qualified to compete in the Games

  4. Modem athletes’ results cannot be compared with those of ancient runners because __________
  [A] the Greeks had no means of recording the results
  [B] details such as the time were not recorded in the past
  [C] they are much better
  [D] they are much worse
  5. Nowadays, the athletes’ expenses are paid __________
  [A] out of the prize money of the winners
  [B] out of the funds raised by the competing nations
  [C] by the athletes them selves
  [D] by contributions
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