2012年12月英语六级考试作文话题:退休

话题:Should Retirement Age Be Postponed?
1. 近年来,推迟退休年龄引发人们热议
2. 推迟退休年龄有利也有弊
3. 我的看法

范文:

Based on a recent survey on the Internet, a majority of individuals admit that aging society will bring a variety of problems to their life. Along with the trend of longevity, it has become a trend for people to debate whether it is wise to postpone retirement age.

Some people favor postponing the retirement age. In their eyes, it is this policy that enables the aging society to build up enough work-force. As a matter of fact, people in mounting numbers have come to realize this problem in an aging society. Even so, others hold a different view that postponing retirement age carries some risks. This policy can bring old people stress, but cannot arouse their enthusiasm for work, and cannot help them to enjoy their retirement pension.

I am convinced that we should balance old people’ interest and this aging society. Thus, if those seniors have enthusiasm for work, we should educate, advocate and encourage them to work and perform their tasks. If we try our utmost to do so, the future of old people’ life will be promising, hopeful and rosy.
  一、 长短句原则

  工作还得一张一驰呢,老让读者读长句,累死人!写一个短小精辟的句子,相反,却可以起到画龙点睛的作用。而且如果我们把短句放在段首或者段末,也可以揭示主题:
  As a creature, I eat; as a man, I read. Although one action is to meet the primary need of my body and the other is to satisfy the intellectual need of mind, they are in a way quite similar.   如此可见,长短句结合,抑扬顿挫,岂不爽哉?牢记!
  强烈建议:在文章第一段(开头)用一长一短,且先长后短;在文章主体部分,要先用一个短句解释主要意思,然后在阐述几个要点的时候采用先短后长的句群形式,定会让主体部分妙笔生辉!文章结尾一般用一长一短就可以了。

  二、 主题句原则

  国有其君,家有其主,文章也要有其主。否则会给人造成“群龙无首”之感!相信各位读过一些破烂文学,故意把主体隐藏在文章之内,结果造成我们稀里糊涂!不知所云!所以奉劝各位一定要写一个主题句,放在文章的开头(保险型)或者结尾,让读者一目了然,必会平安无事!
  特别提示:隐藏主体句可是要冒险的!
  To begin with, you must work hard at your lessons and be fully prepared before the exam(主题句). Without sufficient preparation, you can hardly expect to answer all the questions correctly.


  三、 短语优先原则

  写作时,尤其是在考试时,如果使用短语,有两个好处:其一、用短语会使文章增加亮点,如果老师们看到你的文章太简单,看不到一个自己不认识的短语,必然会看你低一等。相反,如果发现亮点—精彩的短语,那么你的文章定会得高分了。其二、关键时刻思维短路,只有凑字数,怎么办?用短语是一个办法!比如:
  I cannot bear it.
  可以用短语表达:I cannot put up with it.
  I want it.
  可以用短语表达:I am looking forward to it.
  这样字数明显增加,表达也更准确。

  四、 多实少虚原则

  原因很简单,写文章还是应该写一些实际的东西,不要空话连篇。这就要求一定要多用实词,少用虚词。我这里所说的虚词就是指那些比较大的词。比如我们说一个很好的时候,不应该之说nice这样空洞的词,应该使用一些诸如generous, humorous, interesting, smart, gentle, warm-hearted, hospital 之类的形象词。再比如:
  走出房间,general的词是:walk out of the room
  但是小偷走出房间应该说:slip out of the room
  小姐走出房间应该说:sail out of the room
  小孩走出房间应该说:dance out of the room
  老人走出房间应该说:stagger out of the room

  五、 多变句式原则

  1)加法(串联)
  都希望写下很长的句子,像个老外似的,可就是怕写错,怎么办,最保险的写长句的方法就是这些,可以在任何句子之间加and, 但最好是前后的句子又先后关系或者并列关系。比如说:
  I enjor music and he is fond of playing guitar.
  如果是二者并列的,我们可以用一个超级句式:
  Not only the fur coat is soft, but it is also warm.
  其它的短语可以用:
  besides, furthermore, likewise, moreover

  2)转折(拐弯抹角)
  批评某人缺点的时候,我们总习惯先拐弯抹角说说他的优点,然后转入正题,再说缺点,这种方式虽然阴险了点,可毕竟还比较容易让人接受。所以呢,我们说话的时候,只要在要点之前先来点废话,注意二者之间用个专这次就够了。
  The car was quite old, yet it was in excellent condition.
  The coat was thin, but it was warm.
  更多的短语:
  despite that, still, however, nevertheless, in spite of, despite, notwithstanding

  3)因果(so, so, so)
  昨天在街上我看到了一个女孩,然后我主动搭讪,然后我们去咖啡厅,然后我们认识了,然后我们成为了朋友…可见,讲故事的时候我们总要追求先后顺序,先什么,后什么,所以然后这个词就变得很常见了。其实这个词表示的是先后或因果关系!
  The snow began to fall, so we went home.
  更多短语:
  then, therefore, consequently, accordingly, hence, as a result, for this reason, so that

  4)失衡句(头重脚轻,或者头轻脚重)
  有些人脑袋大,身体小,或者有些人脑袋小,身体大,虽然我们不希望长成这个样子,可如果真的是这样了,也就必然会吸引别人的注意力。文章中如果出现这样的句子,就更会让考官看到你的句子与众不同。其实就是主语从句,表语从句,宾语从句的变形。
  举例:This is what I can do.
  Whether he can go with us or not is not sure.
  同样主语、宾语、表语可以改成如下的复杂成分:
  When to go, Why he goes away…

  5)附加(多此一举)
  如果有了老婆,总会遇到这样的情况,当你再讲某个人的时候,她会插一句说,我昨天见过他;或者说,就是某某某,如果把老婆的话插入到我们的话里面,那就是定语从句和同位语从句或者是插入语。
  The man whom you met yesterday is a friend of mine.
  I don’t enjoy that book you are reading.
  Mr liu, our oral English teacher, is easy-going.
  其实很简单,同位语--要解释的东西删除后不影响整个句子的构成;定语从句—借用之前的关键词并且用其重新组成一个句子插入其中,但是whom or that 关键词必须要紧跟在先行词之前。

  6)排比(排山倒海句)
  文学作品中最吸引人的地方莫过于此,如果非要让你的文章更加精彩的话,那么我希望你引用一个个的排比句,一个个得对偶句,一个个的不定式,一个个地词,一个个的短语,如此表达将会使文章有排山倒海之势!
  Whether your tastes are modern or traditional, sophisticated or simple, there is plenty in London for you.
  Nowadays, energy can be obtained through various sources such as oil, coal, natural gas, solar heat, the wind and ocean tides.
  We have got to study hard, to enlarge our scope of knowledge, to realize our potentials and to pay for our life. (气势恢宏)
  要想写出如此气势恢宏的句子非用排比不可!

  六、 一 二 三原则

  领导讲话总是第一部分、第一点、第二点、第三点、第二部分、第一点… 如此罗嗦。可毕竟还是条理清楚。考官们看文章也必然要通过这些关键性的“标签”来判定你的文章是否结构清楚,条理自然。破解方法很简单,只要把下面任何一组的词汇加入到你的几个要点前就清楚了。
  1)first, second, third, last(不推荐,原因:俗)
  2)firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally(不推荐,原因:俗)
  3)the first, the second, the third, the last(不推荐,原因:俗)
  4)in the first place, in the second place, in the third place, lastly(不推荐,原因:俗)
  5)to begin with, then, furthermore, finally(强烈推荐)
  6)to start with, next, in addition, finally(强烈推荐)
  7)first and foremost, besides, last but not least(强烈推荐)
  8)most important of all, moreover, finally
  9)on the one hand, on the other hand(适用于两点的情况)
  10)for one thing, for another thing(适用于两点的情况)
  建议:不仅仅在写作中注意,平时说话的时候也应该条理清楚!
  1. 结尾万能公式一:如此结论

  说完了,毕竟要归纳一番,相信各位都有这样的经历,领导长篇大论,到最后终于冒出个“总而言之”之类的话,我们马上停止开小差,等待领导说结束语。也就是说,开头很好,也必然要有一个精彩的结尾,让读者眼前一亮,这样,你就可以拿高分了!比如下面的例子:
  Obviously(此为过渡短语), we can draw the conclusion that good manners arise from politeness and respect for others.
  如果读者很难“显而见之”,但说无妨,就当读者的眼光太浅罢了!
  更多过渡短语:
  to sum up, in conclusion, in brief, on account of this, thus
  更多句型:
  Thus, it can be concluded that…, Therefore, we can find that…

  2. 结尾万能公式二:如此建议

  如果说“如此结论”是结尾最没用的废话,那么“如此建议”应该是最有价值的废话了,因为这里虽然也是废话,但是却用了一个很经典的虚拟语气的句型。拽!
  Obviously, it is high time that we took some measures to solve the problem.
  这里的虚拟语气用得很经典,因为考官本来经常考这个句型,而如果我们自己写出来,你说考官会怎么想呢?
  更多句型:
  Accordingly, I recommend that some measures be taken.
  Consequently, to solve the problem, some measures should be taken.
  ForeignInvestment

  1.外商投资的优越性

  2.外资给中国经济建设带来的变化

  3.如何进一步吸引外资

【范文】

  The merit of foreign investments lies in many aspects. It increases capital investment in our economic construction, speeds up the technical innovation in our enterprises and accelerates our output. In brief, the foreign investment plays an important role in the modernization of our country.
  Thanks to the foreign investment, great changes have taken place in our economic construction. Many new and advaced enterprises have been set up, old enterprise have been revolutionized and the living standards of our people have been greatly improved. All these have something to do with the foreign investment.
  Then, how can we attract more foreign investment? We must maintain our country’s stability to create a good investment environment. Meanwhile we should carry out some favorable policies, making the foreign businessmen believe that to invest in China does pay off. Only in this way can we further attract and secure foreign investment.

  对大学课程的看法和建议

  2010年最迫切需求的10种职业,在2004年时根本不存在。

    我们现在要教导学生准备胜任还不存在的工作,使用根本还不存在的科技以解决我们还未曾想到过的问题。

    我们生活在信息爆炸时代,新科技的咨询量每两年就增长一倍,这对于4年制理工学生的意义是一年级时学的知识有一半到了三年级就过时了。而大学的课程要么一成不变,要么就是不断的开新课程,什么行业热,就针对什么行业开课程,就现在大学课程,

     用英语写一篇作文表达你对大学课程的看法和建议。

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