六级高频词汇点评㈠④

[不指定 07/04/26 09:57 | by admin ]
高频词讲解:Comprehension

共出现2次,均作为陪考词出现

n. 1.理解(力); 2.理解力测验。

真题讲解:

C 1. Do you have any ______ about what living beings on other planets would be like? (98/6)

A) ideal
B) comprehension
C) notion
D) intelligence

翻译:你……其他行星上的生命会是什么样子?

Ideal理想的;Comprehension理解;

Notion概念,观念,想法;Intelligence指里,聪明,只能;

在表示明白,懂得时常与have搭配的只有notion.

D 2. They tossed your thoughts back and forth for over an hour, but still could not make __________ of them. (97/1)

A) impression
B) comprehension
C) meaning
D) sense

翻译:他们大概用了一个多小时反复揣摩你的想法,但是仍然没有弄……。

Impression印象,压痕;Comprehension理解力;Meaning意义,含义;

Sense官能,感觉判断力,make sense of理解,明白。

高频词讲解:Compulsory

共出现2次,均作为主考词出现。

adj. 必须做的,强制性的,(课程)必修的。

常用搭配:compulsory education 义务教育;

compulsory service system义务兵役制;

compulsory subjects必修课目。

真题讲解:

C 1. They have done away with ____Latin for university entrance at Harvard. (03/9)

A) influential
B) indispensable
C) compulsory
D) essential

翻译:在哈佛,他们已经废除了作为大学入学……的拉丁语考试。

题干中do away with的意思是“废除”。

Influential有影响的,有实力的;

Indispensable不可缺少的,绝对本质的,如水对于生命的不可缺少;

Compulsory必须做的,必须的,强迫的;Essential本质的,实质的。

A 2. Many countries have adopted systems of _____ education in order to promote the average level of education. (03/6)

A) compulsory
B) cardinal
C) constrained
D) conventional

翻译:许多国家已采纳了……教育制度以提高受教育的整体水平。

Compulsory必须的,强制性的,(课程)必修的, compulsory education义务教育;

Constrained被强迫的,拘泥的,常指声音或态度,如constrained smile苦笑;

Cardinal最主要的,基本的,但不修饰education,基础教育应是:elementary education;

Conventional普通的,习惯的,常规的,符合习俗的。

总结:

1.上述17题请多看几遍,重在理解。

2.重点掌握rectify、competitive、compromise、comprehension、compulsory这五个单词,以及词语辨析。

3.除了rectify、competitive、compromise、comprehension、compulsory之外,请熟背以下单词:expel, exclude, refute, authorize, endow, reconcile, reclaim, testify, charge, minimize, compatible, considerate, remedy, commence, compensate, compliment, constrain.

六级高频词汇点评㈠③

[不指定 07/04/26 09:54 | by admin ]
高频词讲解:Competitive

共出现3次,作为主考词1次,陪考词2次。

adj. 1.竞争的;2.好竞争的,求胜心切的;3.(价格等)有竞争力的。

真题讲解:

C 1. This new laser printer is _______ with all leading software. (02/12)

A) comparable
B) competitive
C) compatible
D) cooperative

翻译:这台激光打印机与所有主要软件……。

Compatible可兼容的,compatible with相容的,与……不矛盾的;

Comparable可以比较的,表示同类事物之间比较;

Competitive竞争的,竞争性的;Cooperative合作的,乐意合作的。

B 2. Even when textbooks are ______ through a school system, methods of teaching may vary greatly. (99/1)

A) commonplace
B) standardized
C) competitive
D) generalized

翻译:即使当教科书通过教育系统标准化了,教学方式也会有很大变化。

Standardize使符合标准,使标准化;使规范化;

Commonplace普通的,平庸的;寻常的事物,平庸的事物;

Competitive竞争的,竞争性的;Generalize概括,归纳,推断。

C 3. Because a degree form a good university is the means to a better job, education is one of the most ________ areas in Japanese life. (98/6)

A) sophisticated
B) competitive
C) considerate
D) superficial

翻译:因为在日本获得一个名校的学位是取得好的工作的一种方式,所以教育是一个人生活中竞争最激烈的部分。

Sophisticated在文化和艺术领域成就非凡的,造诣精深的;事故的,老练的;

Competitive竞争激烈的,竞争性强的;

Considerate为别人着想的,体谅别人的=thoughtful;

Superficial表面的,表面上的,肤浅的。

高频词讲解:Compromise

共出现3次,均作为陪考词出现。

v. n. 妥协,折中的办法。

辨析:

形近辨析:compromise,comprise

compromise n. 妥协,折中办法

comprise v. 包括;组成。

真题讲解:

D 1. President Wilson attempted to ____ between the powers to end the war, but neither side was prepared to give in. (03/12)

A) segregate
B) whirl
C) compromise
D) mediate

翻译:威尔逊总统试图在这些国家之间……以结束战争,但双方都不打算让步。

Segregate隔离,使分开,用于segregate A from B指将A和B分开;

Whirl回旋,使回旋,指具体动作,不用于抽象意义;

Compromise妥协,使妥协,用于compromise with sb.或compromise on sth.指为达成协议妥协让步;

Mediate调解,调停,斡旋,常与in或between连用。

C 2. If a person talks about his weak points, his listener is expected to say something in the way of _______ . (98/6)

A) persuasion
B) remedy
C) encouragement
D) compromise

翻译:一个人在谈论自己的弱点时,他希望听者能够说一些……的话。

Persuasion说服;Remedy成功解决问题的方法,治愈疾病的良方;治疗,纠正;

Encouragement鼓励,激励;Compromise妥协。

C 3. To ____ for his unpleasant experiences he drank a little more than was good for him. (98/1)

A) commence
B) compromise
C) compensate
D) compliment

翻译:为了……不愉快的经历,他多喝了点酒。

Commence开始;Compromise妥协;

Compensate补偿;Compensate一般与for连用,表示为某事进行补偿;Compliment恭维。

六级高频词汇点评㈠②

[不指定 07/04/26 09:52 | by admin ]
接:六级高频词汇点评①
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参考答案:

Rectify:DBAAA CD

Competitive:CBB

Compromise:DCC

Comprehension:CD

Compulsory:CA

高频词讲解:Rectify

共出现7次,作为主考词2次,陪考词5次。

vt. 纠正,修复

真题讲解:

D 1. It is my hope that everyone in this class should __ their errors before it is too late. (05/12)

A) expel
B) exclude
C) refute
D)rectify

翻译:我希望这个班上的每个人能在为时不完的时候……错误。

Rectify纠正,一般指“对错误的纠正”,rectify one's error意为纠正某人的错误;

Refute反驳;Exclude排斥;Expel驱逐。

B 2. A membership card ____the holder to use the club's facilities for a period of twelve months. (03/9)

A) approves
B) authorizes
C) rectifies
D) endows

翻译:会员卡可以……持有人在一年之内使用俱乐部的设施。

这个句子在第六期出现过。

Authorize sb. to do sth.授权某人做某事;

Approve批准,认可;approve of sb./sth. 同意某人或某事;

Rectify矫正,调整;

Endow赋予,捐赠;endow sb. with sth.资助某人某事。

A 3. In order to prevent stress from being set up in the metal, expansion joints are fitted which _______ the stress by allowing the pipe to expand or contract freely. (02/12)

A) relieve
B) reconcile
C) reclaim
D) rectify

翻译:为了不使金属内部有压力,安装了扩张接头,通过使管子自由扩张或收缩而……压力。

本题的题眼在于stress,压力只能是减缓,解除,故答案为A.

Relieve减轻,缓和等;可以relieve的一般有:stress, suffering, discomfort, traffic jams;

Reconcile使顺从,使调和;常接观点,情形,事实等词;

Reclaim收回,要求归还,开垦(荒地);一般接土地、金钱;

Rectify纠正,矫正,整顿,修复。

A 4. He is the only person who can ____ in this case,because the other witnesses were killed mysteriously. (02/6)

A) testify
B) charge
C) accuse
D) rectify

翻译:他是这个案子中唯一可以……的人,因为其他的目击证人都被神秘杀害了。

Testify证明,作证,与case, witnesses构成同义语场;Charge控告,指控,常与with连用;

Accuse指控,控告,指责,常用于accuse sb. of sth.指控某人;Rectify纠正。

A 5. Once you get to know your mistakes, you should __________ them as soon as possible. (02/1)

A) rectify
B) reclaim
C) refrain
D) reckon

翻译:一旦你知道了自己的错误,就应该尽快……。

Rectify纠正,rectify mistakes指纠正错误;

Reclaim收回,开垦(荒地),意为改正时宾语为人;

Refrain节制,控制,抑制,通常与from连用,意为避免做某事;

Reckon估计,认为;盼望,指望(与on连用);测算,测量。

C 6. Since the two countries couldn't ______ their differences, they decided to stop their negotiations. (99/6)

A) rectify
B) oblige
C) reconcile
D) obscure

翻译:由于两国无法……其分歧,双方决定停止谈判。

Rectify纠正,修复,常与mistake、error、omission搭配;

Oblige三个基本意思:迫使,施恩于,使感激;

Reconcile使协调,使和解;Obscure晦涩的,难以理解的;不著名的。

D 7. Reading _______ the mind only with materials of knowledge; it is thinking that makes what we read ours. (97/6)

A) rectifies
B) prolongs
C) minimizes
D) furnishes

翻译:读书只不过是用知识的材料……我们的大脑,只有通过思考才能让我们了解自己。

我手中的参考书还有选A的,但我认为根据句意,还是D能讲得通,如有不同意见还请指正啦。

Rectify纠正,改正(错误行为);Prolong延长,延伸;

Minimize最小化;Furnish装备,提供,与题意相符。

六级高频词汇点评㈠①

[不指定 07/04/26 09:49 | by admin ]
Rectify(7次)

1. It is my hope that everyone in this class should __ their errors before it is too late. (05/12)

A) expel
B) exclude
C) refute
D) rectify

2. A membership card ____the holder to use the club's facilities for a period of twelve months. (03/9)

A) approves
B) authorizes
C) rectifies
D) endows

3. In order to prevent stress from being set up in the metal, expansion joints are fitted which _______ the stress by allowing the pipe to expand or contract freely. (02/12)

A) relieve
B) reconcile
C) reclaim
D) rectify

4. He is the only person who can ____ in this case,because the other witnesses were killed mysteriously. (02/6)

A) testify
B) charge
C) accuse
D) rectify

5. Once you get to know your mistakes, you should __________ them as soon as possible. (02/1)

A) rectify
B) reclaim
C) refrain
D) reckon

6. Since the two countries couldn't ______ their differences, they decided to stop their negotiations. (99/6)

A) rectify
B) oblige
C) reconcile
D) obscure

7. Reading _______ the mind only with materials of knowledge; it is thinking that makes what we read ours. (97/6)

A) rectifies
B) prolongs
C) minimizes
D) furnishes

Competitive(3次)

1. This new laser printer is _______ with all leading software. (02/12)

A) comparable
B) competitive
C) compatible
D) cooperative

2. Even when textbooks are ______ through a school system, methods of teaching may vary greatly. (99/1)

A) commonplace
B) standardized
C) competitive
D) generalized

3. Because a degree form a good university is the means to a better job, education is one of the most ________ areas in Japanese life. (98/6)

A) sophisticated
B) competitive
C) considerate
D) superficial

Compromise(3次)

1. President Wilson attempted to ____ between the powers to end the war, but neither side was prepared to give in. (03/12)

A) segregate
B) whirl
C) compromise
D) mediate

2. If a person talks about his weak points, his listener is expected to say something in the way of _______ . (98/6)

A) persuasion
B) remedy
C) encouragement
D) compromise

3. To ____ for his unpleasant experiences he drank a little more than was good for him. (98/1)

A) commence
B) compromise
C) compensate
D) compliment

Comprehension(2次)

1. Do you have any ______ about what living beings on other planets would be like? (98/6)

A) ideal
B) comprehension
C) notion
D) intelligence

2. They tossed your thoughts back and forth for over an hour, but still could not make __________ of them. (97/1)

A) impression
B) comprehension
C) meaning
D) sense

Compulsory(2次)

1. They have done away with ____Latin for university entrance at Harvard. (03/9)

A) influential
B) indispensable
C) compulsory
D) essential

2. Many countries have adopted systems of _____ education in order to promote the average level of education. (03/6)

A) compulsory
B) cardinal
C) constrained
D) conventional

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