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Part Writing (30 minutes)

注意:此部分试题在答题卡1

Part Reading Comprehension(Skimming and Scanning)(15 minutes)

Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet 1 For questions 1-7,choose the best answer from the four choices marked A),B),C)and D. For questions 8-10,complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.

What will the world be like in fifty years?

This week some top scientists, including Nobel Prize winners, gave their vision of how the world will look in 2056,fron gas-powered cars to extraordinary health advances, John Ingham reports on what the world’s finest minds believe our futures will be.

For those of us lucky enough to live that long,2056 will be a world of almost perpetual youth, where obesity is a remote memory and robots become our companions.

We will be rubbing shoulders with aliens and colonizing outer space. Better still, our descendants might at last live in a world at peace with itself.

The prediction is that we will have found a source of inexbaustible, safe, green energy, and that science will have killed off religion. If they are right we will have removed two of the main causes of war-our dependence on oil and religious prejudice.

Will we really, as today’s scientists claim, be able to live for ever or at least cheat the ageing process so that the average person lives to 150?

Of course, all these predictions come with a scientific health warning. Harvard professor Steven Pinker says: “This is an invitation to look foolish, as with the predictions of domed cities and nuclear-powered vacuum cleaners that were made 50 year ago.”

Living longer

Anthony Atala, director of the Wake Forest Institute in North Carolina, belives failing organs will be repaired by injecting cells into the body. They will naturally to straight to the injury and help heal it. A system of injections without needles could also slow the ageing process by using the same process to “tune” cells.

Bruce Lahn, professor of human genetics at the University of Chicago, anticipates the ability to produceunlimited supplies” of transplantable human organs without the needed a new organ, such as kidney, the surgeon would contact a commercial organ producer, give him the patient’s immuno-logical profile and would then be sent a kidney with the correct tissue type.

These organs would be entirely composed of human cells, grown by introducing them into animal hosts, and alloweing them to deveoop into and organ in place of the animal’s own. But Prof. Lahn believes that farmed brains would be “off limits”.He says: Very few people would want to have their brains replaced by someone else’s and we probably don’t want to put a human brain ing an animal body.

Richard Miller, a professor at the University of Michigan, thinks scientist could develop“an thentic anti-ageing drugs” by working out how cells in larger animals such as whales and human resist many forms of injuries. He says:It’s is now routine, in laboratory mammals, to extend lifespan by about 40%. Turning on the same protective systems in people should, by 2056, create the first class of 100-year-olds who are as vigorous and productive as today’s people in their 60s

Aliens

Conlin Pillinger ,professor of planerary sciences at the Open University,says:”I fancy that at least we will be able to show that life didi start to evolve on Mars well as Earth.”Within 50years he hopes scientists will prove that alien life came here in Martian meteorites(陨石).

Chris McKay,a planetary scientist at NASA’s Ames Research Center.believes that in 50 years we may find evidence of alien life in ancient permanent forst of Mars or on other planers.

He adds:”There is even a chance we will find alien life forms here on Earth.It mightbe as different as English is to Chinese.

Priceton professor Freeman Dyson thinks it “likely” that life form outer space will be discovered defore 2056 because the tools for finding it, such as optical and radio detection and data processing,are improving.

He ays:”As soon as the first evidence is found,we will know what to look for and additional discoveries are likely to follow quickly.Such discoveries are likely to have revolutionary consequences for biology, astronomy and philosophy. They may change the way we look at ourselves and our place in the universe.

Colonies in space

Richard Gottprofessor of astrophysics at Princeton,hopes man will set up a self-sufficient colony on Mars,which would be a “life insurance policy against whatever catastrophes,natural or otherwise,might occur on Earth.

“The real space race is whether we will colonise off Earth on to other worlds before money for the space programme runs out.”

Spinal injuries

Ellen Heber-Katz,a professor at the Wistar Institude in Philadelphia,foresees cures for inijuries causing paralysis such as the one that afflicated Superman star Christopher Reeve.

She says:”I believe that the day is not far off when we will be able to profescribe drugs that cause severes(断裂的) spinal cords to heal,hearts to regenerate and lost limbs to regrow.

“People will come to expect that injured or diseased organs are meant to be repaired from within,inmuch the same way that we fix an appliance or automobile:by replancing the damaged part with a manufacturer-certified new part.”She predict that within 5 to 10 years fingers and toes will be regrown and limbs will start to be regrown a few years later. Reparies to the nervous system will start with optic nerves and,in time,the spinal cord.”Within 50years whole body replacement will be routine,”Prof.Heber-Katz adds.

Obesity

Sydney Brenner,senior distinguished fellow of the Crick-Jacobs Center in California,won the 2002 Noblel Prize for Medicine and says that if there is a global disaster some humans will survive-and evolition will favour small people with bodies large enough to support the required amount of brain power.”Obesity,”he says.”will have been solved.”

Robots

Rodney Brooks,professor of robotice at MIT,says the problems of developing artificial intelligence for robots will be at least partly overcome.As a result,”the possibilities for robots working with people will open up immensely”

Energy

Bill Joy,green technology expert in Califomia,says:”The most significant breakthrought would be to have an inexhaustible source of safe,green energy that is substantially cheaper than any existing energy source.”

Ideally,such a source would be safe in that it could not be made into weapons and would not make hazardous or toxic waste or carbon dioxide,the main greenhouse gas blamed for global warming.

Society

Geoffrey Miller,evolutionary psychologist at the University of New Mexico,says:”The US will follow the UKin realizing that religion is nor a prerequisite (前提)for ordinary human decency.

“This,science will kill religion-not by reason challenging faith but by offering a more practical,uniwersal and rewarding moral frameworkfor human interaction.”

He also predicts that “ahsurdly wasteful”displays of wealth will become umfashionable while the importance of close-knit communities and families will become clearer.

These there changer,he says,will help make us all”brighe\ter,wiser,happier and kinder”.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡1上作答。

1.What is john lngham’s report about?

A)A solution to the global energy crisis

B)Extraordinary advances in technology.

C)The latest developments of medical science

D)Scientists’vision of the world in halfa century

2. According to Harvard professor Steven Pinker,predictions about the future_____.

A)may invite trouble

B)may not come true

C)will fool the public

D)do more harm than good

3. Professor Bruce Lahn of the University of Chicago predicts that____.

A)humans won’t have to donate organs for transplantation

B)more people will donate their organs for transplantation

C)animal organs could be transplanted into human bodies

D)organ transplantation won’t be as scary as it is today

4. According to professor Richard Miller of the University of Michigarr, prople will____.

A)life for as long as they wish

B)be relieved from all sufferings

C) life to 100 and more with vitality

D)be able to live longer than whales

5.Priceton professor Freeman Syson thinks that____.

A)scientists will find alien life similar to ours

B)humans will be able to settle on Mars

C)alien life will likely be discovered

D)life will start to evolve on Mars

 

6.According to Princeton professor Richard Gott,by setting up a self-sufficient colony on Mars,

Humans_____.

A)Might survie allcatastrophes on earth

B)Might acquire ample natural resources

C)Will be able to travel to Mars freely

D)Will mo\ve there to live a better life

7.Ellen Heber-Katz, professor at the Wistar Institue in Philadelpia,predicts that_____.

A)human organs can bu manufactured like appliances

B)people will be as strong and dymamic as supermen

C) human nerves can be replanced by optic fibers

D)lost fingers and limbs will be able to regrow

8.rodney Brooks says that it will be possible for robots to work with humans as a result or the development of__artificaial intelligence for robots_____

9. The most significant breakthrough predicted by Bill joy will be an inexhaustible green energy source that can’t be used to make__pollutions___________

10 According to Geoffrey Miller, science will offer a more practical, universal and rewarding moral framework in place of _________religion_______

由于B卷缺失比较多,稍后补全
各位朋友,不好意思,由于缺少B卷真题。
导致答案一直无法补全。

1-7:acabbda
8:artific at intelligence  
9:weapon and hazardous or toxic waste or carbon dioxide
10:religion for human interction
11-15  13124
16-25【缺失】
26-30 13421  
31-33  324
33-35【缺失】
36、invited
37、original
38、deflicient
39、regardless of
40、tried to
41、expire
42、obscure
43、conserve
44、so many relatives
45、complexity of
46、on ability to work
47 causing a reaction  
48 debate    
49 To secure the approval of every victim's family    
50 exploiting a national tragedy    
51 raise awareness
52-56  34241  
57-61  32242
62-67:bdbbcd  
68-74:dddaccb
75-81【缺失】
82.who have devoted their whole life to poetry.
83.or else she would have replied my letter last week.
84. finish chemistry experiment
85. have the old couples quarrelled with each other.
86. To a large extent one nation's future prosperity rests on

电子书是否能够取代传统的书?
1、随着信息技术的发展,电子图书越来越多
2、有人认为电子图书会取代传统图书,理由是——
3、我的看法
范文
   Bookstore operators certainly still have a future, mainly to see business ideas and methods. EBook is becoming increasingly popular, but people look at the computer at the same time, the eyes of the harm caused is on the increase, the paper of the book than the more serious The. But now because of the popularity of computers, sales of books have a new channel, many people already do not like Quguang bookstores, but in need of the time Internet search, you can go for the shop sales Ah your book, did you sell a wider range. Of course, provided that you have to master methods, and is familiar with the necessary links, but also devote sufficient confidence and patience to. I wish you prosperity!
全书包括2002年6月~2007年12月的历年六级考试真题,答案及详细的解析(其中阅读部分配有中文译文)。本书优势及卖点:
  
※ 13套完整试卷 再现真题风采
※ 阅读精彩译文 展现翻译技巧
※ 配有听力录音 营造考场氛围
※ 解析鞭辟入里 揭示考试题眼

[file]ftp://ftp.hjenglish.com/【音频】/●大学英语/大学英语&CET/真题/新东方大学英语六级考试历年全真试题解析.rar[/file]
[A卷答案在下一页]
Part I Writing (30 minutes)
Directions:    For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Should One Expect a Reward When Doing a Good Deed? You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below.

1.     有人做好事期望得到回报;

2.     有人认为应该像雷锋那样做好事不图回报;

3.     我的观点。

Should One Expect a Reward When Doing a Good Deed?

Part II Reading Comprehension (Skimming and Scanning) (15 minutes)
Directions:    In this part, you will have 15 minutes to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet 1.

For questions 1-4, mark

Y (for YES)                              if the statement agrees with the information given in the passage;

N (for NO)                              if statement contradicts the information given in the passage;

NG (for NOT GIVEN)           if the information is not given in the passage.

For questions 5-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage.

Seven Steps to a More Fulfilling Job
Many people today find themselves in unfulfilling work situations. In fact, one in four workers is dissatisfied with their current job, according to the recent “Plans for 2004” survey. Their career path may be financially rewarding, but it doesn’t meet their emotional, social or creative needs. They’re stuck, unhappy, and have no idea what to do about it, except move to another job.

Mary Lyn Miller, veteran career consultant and founder of the Life and Career Clinic, says that when most people are unhappy about their work, their first thought is to get a different job. Instead, Miller suggests looking at the possibility of a different life. Through her book, 8 Myths of Making a Living, as well as workshops, seminars and personal coaching and consulting, she has helped thousands of dissatisfied workers reassess life and work.

Like the way of Zen, which includes understanding of oneself as one really is, Miller encourages job seekers  and those dissatisfied with work or life to examine their beliefs about work and recognize that “in many cases your beliefs are what brought you to where you are today.” You may have been raised to think that women were best at nurturing and caring and, therefore, should be teachers and nurses. So that’s what you did. Or, perhaps you were brought up to believe that you should do what your father did, so you have taken over the family business, or become a dentist “just like dad.” If this sounds familiar, it’s probably time to look at the new possibilities for your future.

Miller developed a 7-step process to help potential job seekers assess their current situation and beliefs, identify their real passion, and start on a journey that allows them to pursue their passion through work.

Step 1: Willingness to do something different.

Breaking the cycle of doing what you have always done is one of the most difficult tasks for job seekers. Many find it difficult to steer away from a career path or make a change, even if it doesn’t feel right. Miller urges job seekers to open their minds to other possibilities beyond what they are currently doing.

Step 2: Commitment to being who you are, not who or what someone wants you to be.

Look at the \gifts and talents you have and make a commitment to pursue those things that you love most. If you love the social aspects of your job, but are stuck inside an office or “chained to your desk” most of the time, vow to follow your instinct and investigate alternative careers and work that allow you more time to interact with others. Dawn worked as a manager for a large retail clothing store for several years. Though she had advanced within the company, she felt frustrated and longed to be involved with nature and the outdoors. She decided to go to school nights and weekends to pursue her true passion by earning her master’s degree in forestry. She now works in the biotech forestry division of a major paper company.

Step 3: Self-definition

Miller suggests that once job seekers know who they are, they need to know how to sell themselves. “In the job market, you are a product. And just like a product, you most know the features and benefits that you have to offer a potential client, or employer.” Examine the skills and knowledge that you have identify how they can apply to your desired occupation. Your qualities will exhibit to employers why they should hire you over other candidates.

Step 4: Attain a level of self-honoring.

Self-honoring or self-love may seem like an odd step for job hunters, but being able to accept yourself, without judgment, helps eliminate insecurities and will make you more self-assured. By accepting who you are – all your emotions, hopes and dreams, your personality, and your unique way of being – you’ll project more confidence when networking and talking with potential employers. The power of self-honoring can help to break all the falsehoods you were programmed to believe – those that made you feel that you were not good enough, or strong enough, or intelligent enough to do what you truly desire.

Step 5: Vision.

Miller suggests that job seekers develop a vision that embraces the answer to “What do I really want to do?” one should create a solid statement in a dozen or so sentences that describe in detail how they see their life related to work. For instance, the secretary who longs to be an actress describes a life that allows her to express her love of Shakespeare on stage. A real estate agent, attracted to his current job because her loves fixing up old homes, describes buying properties that need a little tender loving care to make them more saleable.

Step 6: Appropriate risk.

Some philosophers believe that the way to enlightenment comes through facing obstacles and difficulties. Once people discover their passion, many are too scared to do anything about it. Instead, they do nothing. With this step, job seekers should assess what they are willing to give up, or risk, in pursuit of their dream. For one working mom, that meant taking night classes to learn new computer-aided design skills, while still earning a salary and keeping her day job. For someone else, it may mean quitting his or her job, taking out loan and going back to school full time. You’ll move one step closer to your ideal work life if you identify how much risk you are willing to take and the sacrifices you are willing to make.

Step 7: Action.

Some teachers of philosophy describe action in this way, “If one wants to get to the top of a mountain, just sitting at the foot thinking about it will not bring one there. It is by making the effort of climbing up the mountain, step by step, that eventually the summit is reached.” All too often, it is the lack of action that ultimately holds people back from attaining their ideals. Creating a plan and taking it one step at a time can lead to new and different job opportunities. Job-hunting tasks gain added meaning as you sense their importance in your quest for a more meaningful work life. The plan can include researching industries and occupations, talking to people who are in your desired area of work, taking classes, or accepting volunteer work in your targeted field.

Each of these steps will lead you on a journey to a happier and more rewarding work life. After all, it is the journey, not the destination, that is most important.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡1上作答。

1.     According to the recent “Plans for 2004” survey, most people are unhappy with their current jobs.

2.     Mary Lyn Miller’s job is to advise people on their life and career.

3.     Mary Lyn Miller herself was once quite dissatisfied with her own work.

4.     Many people find it difficult to make up their minds whether to change their career path.

5.     According to Mary Lyn Miller, people considering changing their careers should commit themselves to the pursuit of ________.

6.     In the job market, job seekers need to know how to sell themselves like ________.

7.     During an interview with potential employers, self-honoring or self-love may help a job seeker to show ________.

8.     Mary Lyn Miller suggests that a job seeker develop a vision that answers the question “________”

9.     Many people are too scared to pursue their dreams because they are unwilling to ________.

10.   What ultimately holds people back from attaining their ideals is ________.

Part III Listening Comprehension (35 minutes)
Section A
Directions:    In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A) B) C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

11.   A) Surfing the net.

B) Watching a talk show.

C) Packing a birthday gift.

D) Shopping at a jewelry store.(A)

12.   A) He enjoys finding fault with exams.

B) He is sure of his success in the exam.

C) He doesn’t know if he can do well in the exam.

D) He used to get straight A’s in the exams he took.(B)

13.   A) The man is generous with his good comments on people.

B) The woman is unsure if there will be peace in the world.

C) The woman is doubtful about newspaper stories.

D) The man is quite optimistic about human nature.(D)

14.   A) Study for some profession.

B) Attend a medical school.

C) Stay in business.

D) Sell his shop.(C)

15.   A) More money.

B) Fair treatment.

C) A college education.

D) Shorter work hours.(A)

16.   A) She was exhausted from her trip.

B) She missed the comforts of home.

C) She was impressed by Mexican food.

D) She will not go to Mexico again.(B)

17.   A) Cheer herself up a bit.

B) Find a more suitable job.

C) Seek professional advice.

D) Take a psychology course.(C)

18.   A) He dresses more formally now.

B) What he wears does not match his position.

C) He has ignored his friends since graduation.

D) He failed to do well at college.(A)

Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

19.   A) To go sightseeing.

B) To have meetings.

C) To promote a new champagne.

D) To join in a training program.(B)

20.   A) It can reduce the number of passenger complaints.

B) It can make air travel more entertaining.

C) It can cut down the expenses for air travel.

D) It can lessen the discomfort caused by air travel.(D)

21.   A) Took balanced meals with champagne.

B) Ate vegetables and fruit only.

C) Refrained from fish or meat.

D) Avoided eating rich food.(D)

22.   A) Many of them found it difficult to exercise on a plane.

B) Many of them were concerned with their well-being.

C) Not many of them chose to do what she did.

D) Not many of them understood the program.(C)

Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

23.   A) At a fair.

B) At a cafeteria.

C) In a computer lab.

D) In a shopping mall.(A)

24.   A) The latest computer technology.

B) The organizing of an exhibition.

C) The purchasing of some equipment.

D) The dramatic changes in the job market.(C)

25.   A) Data collection.

B) Training consultancy.

C) Corporate management.

D) Information processing.(B)

Section B
Directions:    In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choice marked A) B) C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

Passage One
Questions 26 to 28 are based on the passage you have just heard.

26.   A) Improve themselves.

B) Get rid of empty dreams.

C) Follow the cultural tradition.

D) Attempt something impossible.(A)

27.   A) By finding sufficient support for implementation.

B) By taking into account their own ability to change.

C) By constantly keeping in mind their ultimate goals.

D) By making detailed plans and carrying them out.(D)

28.   A) To show people how to get their lives back to normal.

B) To show how difficult it is for people to lose weight.

C) To remind people to check the calories on food bags.

D) To illustrate how easily people abandon their goals.(D)

Passage Two
Questions 29 to 31 are based on the passage you have just heard.

29.   A) Michael’s parents got divorced.

B) Karen was adopted by Ray Anderson.

C) Karen’s mother died in a car accident.

D) A truck driver lost his life in a collision.(B)

30.   A) He ran a red light and collided with a truck.

B) He sacrificed his life to save a baby girl.

C) He was killed instantly in a burning car.

D) He got married to Karen’s mother.(B)

31.   A) The reported hero turned out to be his father.

B) He did not understand his father till too late.

C) Such misfortune should have fallen on him.

D) It reminded him of his miserable childhood.(A)

Passage Three
Questions 32 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.

32.   A) Germany.

B) Japan.

C) The U.S.

D) The U.K.(B)

33.   A) By doing odd jobs at weekends.

B) By working long hours every day.

C) By putting in more hours each week.

D) By taking shorter vacations each year.(D)

34.   A) To combat competition and raise productivity.

B) To provide them with more job opportunities.

C) To help them maintain their living standard.

D) To prevent them from holding a second job.(A)

35.   A) Change their jobs.

B) Earn more money.

C) Reduce their working hours.

D) Strengthen the government’s role.(C)

Section C
Directions:    In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 you are required to fill in the missing information. For these blanks, you can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

Nursing, as a typically female profession, must deal constantly with the false impression that nurses are there to wait on the physician. As nurses, we are (36) ________ to provide nursing care only. We do not have any legal or moral (37) ________ to any physician. We provide health teaching, (38) ________ physical as well as emotional problems, (39) ________ patient-related services, and make all of our nursing decisions based upon what is best or suitable for the patient. If, in any (40) ________, we feel that a physician’s order is (41) ________ or unsafe, we have a legal (42) ________ to question that order or refuse to carry it out.

Nursing is not a nine-to-five job with every weekend off. All nurses are aware of that before they enter the profession. The emotional and physical stress. However, that occurs due to odd working hours is a (43) ________ reason for a lot of the career dissatisfaction. (44) ________________________________. That disturbs our personal lives, disrupts our sleeping and eating habits, and isolates us from everything except job-related friends and activities.

The quality of nursing care is being affected dramatically by these situations. (45) ________________________________. Consumers of medically related services have evidently not been affected enough yet to demand changes in our medical system. But if trends continue as predicted, (46) ________________________________.

Part IV Reading Comprehension (Reading in Depth) (25 minutes)
Section A
Directions:    In this section, there is a short passage with 5 questions or incomplete statements. Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete statements in the fewest possible words. Please write your answers on Answer Sheet 2.

Questions 47 to 51 are based on the following passage.

Google is a world-famous company, with its headquarters in Mountain View, California. It was set up in a Silicon Valley garage in 1998, and  inflated (膨胀) with the Internet bubble. Even when everything around it collapsed the company kept on inflating. Google’s search engine is so widespread across the world that search became Google, and google became a verb. The world fell in love with the effective, fascinatingly fast technology.

Google owes much of its success to the brilliance of S. Brin and L. Page, but also to a series of fortunate events. It was Page who, at Stanford in 1996, initiated  the academic project that eventually became Google’s search engine. Brin, who had met Page at a student orientation a year earlier, joined the project early on. They were both Ph.D. candidates when they devised the search engine which was better than the rest and, without any marketing, spread by word of mouth from early adopters to, eventually, your grandmother.

Their breakthrough, simply put, was that when their search engine crawled the Web, it did more than just look for word matches, it also tallied (统计) and ranked a host of other critical factors like how websites link to one another. That delivered far better results than anything else. Brin and  Page meant to name their creation Googol (the mathematical term for the number 1 followed by 100 zeroes), but someone misspelled the word so it stuck as Google. They raised money from prescient (有先见之明的) professors and venture capitalists, and moved off campus to turn Google into business. Perhaps their biggest stroke of luck came early on when they tried to sell their technology to other search engines, but no one met their price, and they built it up on their own.

The next breakthrough came in 2000, when Google figured out how to make money with its invention. It had lots of users, but almost no one was paying. The solution turned out to be advertising, and it’s not an exaggeration to say that Google is now essentially an advertising company, given that that’s the source of nearly all its revenue. Today it is a giant advertising company, worth $100 billion.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

47.   Apart from a series of fortunate events, what is it that has made Google so successful?

48.   Google’s search engine originated from ________ started  by L. Page.

49.   How did Google’s search engine spread all over the world?

50.   Brin and Page decided to set up their own business because no one would ________.

51.   The revenue of the Google company is largely generated from ________.

Section B
Directions:    There are 2 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C), and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

Passage One
Questions 52 to 56 are based on the following passage.

You hear the refrain all the time: the U.S. economy looks good statistically, but it doesn’t feel good. Why doesn’t ever-greater wealth promote ever-greater happiness? It is a question that dates at least to the appearance in 1958 of The Affluent (富裕的) Society by John Kenneth Galbraith, who died recently at 97.

The Affluent Society is a modern classic because it helped define a new moment in the human condition. For most of history, “hunger, sickness, and cold” threatened nearly everyone, Galbraith wrote. “Poverty was found everywhere in that world. Obviously it is not of ours.” After World War II, the dread of another Great Depression gave way to an economic boom. In the 1930s unemployment had averaged 18.2 percent; in the 1950s it was 4.5 percent.

To Galbraith, materialism had gone mad and would breed discontent. Through advertising, companies conditioned consumers to buy things they didn’t really want or need. Because so much spending was artificial, it would  be unfulfilling. Meanwhile, government spending that would make everyone better off was being cut down because people instinctively—and wrongly—labeled government only as “a necessary evil.”

It’s often said that only the rich are getting ahead; everyone else is  standing still or falling behind. Well, there are many undeserving rich—overpaid chief executives, for instance. But over any meaningful period, most people’s incomes are increasing. From 1995 to 2004, inflation-adjusted average family income rose 14.3 percent, to $43,200. people feel “squeezed” because their rising incomes often don’t satisfy their rising wants—for bigger homes, more health care, more education, faster Internet connections.

The other great frustration is that it has not eliminated insecurity. People regard job stability as part of their standard of living. As corporate layoffs increased, that part has eroded. More workers fear they’ve become “the disposable American,” as Louis Uchitelle puts it in his book by the same name.

Because so much previous suffering and social conflict stemmed from poverty, the arrival of widespread affluence suggested utopian (乌托邦式的) possibilities. Up to a point, affluence succeeds. There is much les physical misery than before. People are better off. Unfortunately, affluence also creates new complaints and contradictions.

Advanced societies need economic growth to satisfy the multiplying wants of their citizens. But the quest for growth lets loose new anxieties and economic conflicts that disturb the social order. Affluence liberates the individual, promising that everyone can choose a unique way to self-fulfillment. But the promise is so extravagant that it predestines many disappointments and sometimes inspires choices that have anti-social consequences, including family breakdown and obesity (肥胖症). Statistical indicators of happiness have not risen with incomes.

Should we be surprised? Not really. We’ve simply reaffirmed an old truth: the pursuit of affluence does not always end with happiness.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

52.   What question does John Kenneth Galbraith raise in his book The Affluent Society?

A) Why statistics don’t tell the truth about the economy.

B) Why affluence doesn’t guarantee happiness.

C) How happiness can be promoted today.

D) What lies behind an economic boom.(B)

53.   According to Galbraith, people feel discontented because ________.

A) public spending hasn’t been cut down as expected

B) the government has proved to be a necessary evil

C) they are in fear of another Great Depression

D) materialism has run wild in modern society(D)

54.   Why do people feel squeezed when their average income rises considerably?

A) Their material pursuits have gone far ahead of their earnings.

B) Their purchasing power has dropped markedly with inflation.

C) The distribution of wealth is uneven between the r5ich and the poor.

D) Health care and educational cost have somehow gone out of control.(A)

55.   What does Louis Uchitelle mean by “the disposable American” (Line 3, Para. 5)?

A) Those who see job stability as part of their living standard.

B) People full of utopian ideas resulting from affluence.

C) People who have little say in American politics.

D) Workers who no longer have secure jobs.(D)

56.   What has affluence brought to American society?

A) Renewed economic security.

B) A sense of self-fulfillment.

C) New conflicts and complaints.

D) Misery and anti-social behavior.(C)

Passage Two
Questions 57 to 61 are based on the following passage.

The use of deferential (敬重的) language is symbolic of the Confucian ideal of the woman, which dominates conservative gender norms in Japan. This ideal presents a woman who withdraws quietly to the background, subordinating her life and needs to those of her family and its male head. She is a dutiful daughter, wife, and mother, master of the domestic arts. The typical refined Japanese woman excels in modesty and delicacy; she “treads softly (谨言慎行)in the world,” elevating feminine beauty and grace to an art form.

Nowadays, it is commonly observed that young women are not conforming to the feminine linguistic (语言的) ideal. They are using fewer of the very deferential “women’s” forms, and even using the few strong forms that are know as “men’s.” This, of course, attracts considerable attention and has led to an outcry in the Japanese media against the defeminization of women’s language. Indeed, we didn’t hear about “men’s language” until people began to respond to girls’ appropriation of forms normally reserved for boys and men. There is considerable sentiment about the “corruption” of women’s language—which of course is viewed as part of the loss of feminine ideals and morality—and this sentiment is crystallized by nationwide opinion polls that are regularly carried out by the media.

Yoshiko Matsumoto has argued that young women probably never used as many of the highly deferential forms as older women. This highly polite style is no doubt something that young women have been expected to “grow into”—after all, it is assign not simply of femininity, but of maturity and refinement, and its use could be taken to indicate a change in the nature of one’s social relations as well. One might well imagine little girls using exceedingly polite forms when playing house or imitating older women—in a fashion analogous to little girls’ use of a high-pitched voice to do “teacher talk” or “mother talk” in role play.

The fact that young Japanese women are using less deferential language is a sure sign of change—of social change and of linguistic change. But it is most certainly not a sign of the “masculization” of girls. In some instances, it may be a sign that girls are making the same claim to authority as boys and men, but that is very different from saying that they are trying to be “masculine.” Katsue Reynolds has argued that girls nowadays are using more assertive language strategies in order to be able to compete with boys in schools and out. Social change also brings not simply different positions for women and girls, but different relations to life stages, and adolescent girls are participating in new subcultural forms. Thus what may, to an older speaker, seem like “masculine” speech may seem to an adolescent like “liberated” or “hip” speech.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

57.   The first paragraph describes in detail ________.

A) the standards set for contemporary Japanese women

B) the Confucian influence on gender norms in Japan

C) the stereotyped role of women in Japanese families

D) the norms for traditional Japanese women to follow(B)

58.   What change has been observed in today’s young Japanese women?

A) They pay less attention to their linguistic behavior.

B) The use fewer of the deferential linguistic forms.

C) They confuse male and female forms of language.

D) They employ very strong linguistic expressions.(B)

59.   How do some people react to women’s appropriation of men’s language forms as reported in the Japanese media?

A) They call for a campaign to stop the defeminization.

B) The see it as an expression of women’s sentiment.

C) They accept it as a modern trend.

D) They express strong disapproval.(D)

60.   According to Yoshiko Matsumoto, the linguistic behavior observed in today’s young women ________.

A) may lead to changes in social relations

B) has been true of all past generations

C) is viewed as a sign of their maturity

D) is a result of rapid social progress(A)

61.   The author believes that the use of assertive language by young Japanese women is ________.

A) a sure sign of their defeminization and maturation

B) an indication of their defiance against social change

C) one of their strategies to compete in a male-dominated society

D) an inevitable trend of linguistic development in Japan today(C)

Part V Cloze (15 minutes)
Directions:    There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D) on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答。

Historically, humans get serious about avoiding disasters only after one has just struck them. __62__ that logic, 2006 should have been a breakthrough year for rational behavior. With the memory of 9/11 still __63__ in their minds, Americans watched hurricane Katrina, the most expensive disaster in U.S. history, on __64__ TV. Anyone who didn’t know it before should have learned that bad things can happen. And they are made __65__ worse by our willful blindness to risk as much as our __66__ to work together before everything goes to hell.

Granted, some amount of delusion (错觉) is probably part of the __67__ condition. In A.D. 63, Pompeii was seriously damaged by an earthquake, and the locals immediately went to work __68__, in the same spot—until they were buried altogether by a volcano eruption 16 years later. But a __69__ of the past year in disaster history suggests that modern Americans are particularly bad at __70__ themselves from guaranteed threats. We know more than we __71__ did about the dangers we face. But it turns __72__ that in times of crisis, our greatest enemy is __73__ the storm, the quake or the __74__ itself. More often, it is ourselves.

So what has happened in the year that __75__ the disaster on the Gulf Coast? In New Orleans, the Army Corps of Engineers has worked day and night to rebuild the flood  walls. They have got the walls to __76__ they were before Katrina, more or less. That’s not __77__, we can now say with confidence. But it may be all __78__ can be expected from one year of hustle (忙碌).

Meanwhile, New Orleans officials have crafted a plan to use buses and trains to __79__ the sick and the disabled. The city estimates that 15,000 people will need a __80__ out. However, state officials have not yet determined where these people will be taken. The __81__ with neighboring communities are ongoing and difficult.

62.   A) To

B) By

C) On

D) For(B)

63.   A) fresh

B) obvious

C) apparent

D) evident(A)

64.   A) visual

B) vivid

C) live

D) lively(C)

65.   A) little

B) less

C) more

D) much(D)

66.   A) reluctance

B) rejection

C) denial

D) decline(A)

67.   A) natural

B) world

C) social

D) human(D)

68.   A) revising

B) refining

C) rebuilding

D) retrieving(C)

69.   A) review

B) reminder

C) concept

D) prospect(A)

70.   A) preparing

B) protesting

C) protecting

D) prevailing(C)

71.   A) never

B) ever

C) then

D) before(B)

72.   A) up

B) down

C) over

D) out(D)

73.   A) merely

B) rarely

C) incidentally

D) accidentally(B)

74.   A) surge

B) spur

C) surf

D) splash(A)

75.   A) ensued

B) traced

C) followed

D) occurred(C)

76.   A) which

B) where

C) what

D) when(B)

77.   A) enough

B) certain

C) conclusive

D) final(A)

78.   A) but

B) as

C) that

D) those(C)

79.   A) exile

B) evacuate

C) dismiss

D) displace(B)

80.   A) ride

B) trail

C) path

D) track(A)

81.   A) conventions

B) notifications

C) communications

D) negotiations(D)

Part VI Translation (5 minutes)
Directions:    Complete the sentences by translating into English the Chinese given in brackets. Please write your translation on Answer Sheet 2.

注意:此部分试题请在答题卡2上作答,只需写出译文部分。

82.   The auto manufacturers found themselves ________________________ (正在同外国公司竞争市场的份额).

83.   Only in the small town ________________________ (他才感到安全和放松).

84.   It is absolutely unfair that these children ________________________ (被剥夺了受教育的权利).

85.   Our years of hard work are all in vain, ________________________ (更别提我们花费的大量金钱了).

86.   The problems of blacks and women ________________________ (最近几十年受到公众相当大的关注).
【快速阅读答案】
1.  N
2.  Y
3.  NG
4.  Y
5.  those things that they love most
6.  products
7.  more confidence
8.  What do I really want to do?
9.  give up, or risk
10. the lack of action


 

【听力部分答案】

11.A) Surfing the net.
12.B) He is sure of his success in the exam.
13.D) The man is quite optimistic about human nature.
14.C) Stay in business.
15.A) More money.
16.B) She missed the comforts of home.
17.C) Seek professional advice.
18.A ) He dresses more formally now.
19.B ) To have meetings.
20.D) It can lessen the discomfort caused by air travel.
21.D) Avoided eating rich food.
22.C) Not many of them chose to do what she did
23 A ) At a fair.
24.C) The purchasing of some equipment.
25.B) Training consultancy.
26.A ) Improve themselves.
27.D) By making detailed plans and carrying them out.
28.D) To illustrate how easily people abandon their goals.
29.B) Karen was adopted by Ray Anderson.
30.B) He sacrificed his life to save a baby girl.
31.A) The reported hero turned out to be his father.
32.B) Japan.
33.D) By taking shorter vacations each year.
34.A) To combat competition and raise productivity.
35.C) Reducing their working hours.
36.licensed
37.obligation
38.assess
39.coordinate
40.circumstance
41.inappropriate
42.resposbility
43.prime
44.It is sometimes required that we work overtime,
   and that we change shifts four or five times a month.
45.Most hospitals are now staffed by new graduates,
  as experienced nurses finally give up trying to change the system.
46.they will find that most critical hospital cares will be provided
  by new, inexperienced, and sometimes inadequately trained nurses.

 

【简短回答答案】

47. The brilliance of S. Brin and L. Page
48. the academic project
49. By word of mouth
50. meet their price
51. advertising

 
【阅读理解答案】

52. B) Why affluence doesn’t guarantee happiness?
53. D) materialism has run wild in modern society
54. A) Their material pursuits have gone far ahead of their earnings.
55. D) Workers who no longer have secure jobs
56. C) New conflicts and complaints

57. B) the Confucian influence on gender norms in Japan  
58. B) They use fewer of the deferential linguistic form
59. D) They express strong disapproval
[60]. A) may lead to changes in social relations
61. C) one of their strategies to compete in a male-dominated society

 

 

【完形答案】

62. B) By
63. A) fresh
64. C) live
65. D) much
66. A) reluctance
67. D) human
68. C) rebuilding
69. A) review
70. C) protecting
71. B) ever
72. D) out
73. B) rarely
74. A) surge
75. C) followed
76. B) where
77. A) enough
78. C) that
79. B) evacuate
80. A) ride
81. D) negotiations
 
【翻译答案】

82. competing with foreign firms for market share
83. does he feel secure and relaxed
84. are deprived of the rights to receive education
85. not to mention/let alone  the large amount of money we have spent
86. have gained/caused considerable public concern in recent decades  

【作文部分及范文】

Direction: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a
short essay entitled Should One Expect a Reward When Doing a Good
Deed? You should write at least 150 words following the outline
given below.
   1、  有人做好事期望得到回报;
   2、  有人认为应该像雷锋那样做好事不图回报;
   3、  我的观点。

【写作范文】

Should One Expect a Reward When Doing a Good Deed?
     A great many people presume upon a reward when doing a good
deed. First and foremost, there is a natural tendency to equate
doing good deeds with a certain amount of reward, and reward with
a certain amount of money. What is more, they maintain that since
the basis of contemporary society is money, one of the major means
of earning money is getting reward by doing good deeds.
     On the contrary, the vast majority of people assume that
doing a good deed should be based on people’s personal interests.
Hence, doing a good deed is fulfilling itself and reward is of
minimal significance.Numerous examples can be given, but this will
suffice. Mr. Leifeng lived a simple life dedicated to doing good
deeds without expecting any reward and helping people from all
walks of life, yet he was remembered as one of the most successful
hero of our time.
     Generally speaking, it is my view that we should not expect a
reward when doing a good deed. We do this for enjoyment, fulfillment
and other spiritual enhancement, not for the purpose of reward.
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