感恩节英文介绍

[不指定 08/11/27 20:59 | by admin ]
      Thanksgiving Day is the most truly American of the national Holidays in the United States and is most closely connected with the earliest history of the country.

In 1620, the settlers, or Pilgrims, they sailed to America on the May flower, seeking a place where they could have freedom of worship. After a tempestuous two-month voyage they landed at in icy November, what is now Plymouth, Massachusetts.

During their first winter, over half of the settlers died of[1] starvation or epidemics. Those who survived began sowing in the first spring.

All summer long they waited for the harvests with great anxiety, knowing that their lives and the future existence of the colony depended on the coming harvest. Finally the fields produced a yield rich beyond expectations. And therefore it was decided that a day of thanksgiving to the Lord be fixed[2]. Years later, President of the United States proclaimed the fourth Thursday of November as Thanksgiving Day every year. The celebration of Thanksgiving Day has been observed on that date until today.

The pattern of the Thanksgiving celebration has never changed through the years. The big family dinner is planned months ahead. On the dinner table, people will find apples, oranges, chestnuts, walnuts and grapes. There will be plum pudding, mince pie, other varieties of food and cranberry juice and squash. The best and most attractive among them are roast turkey and pumpkin pie. They have been the most traditional and favorite food on Thanksgiving Day throughout the years.

Everyone agrees the dinner must be built around roast turkey stuffed with a bread dressing[3] to absorb the tasty juices as it roasts. But as cooking varies with families and with the regions where one lives, it is not easy to get a consensus on[4] the precise kind of stuffing for the royal bird.

Thanksgiving today is, in every sense, a national annual holiday on which Americans of all faiths and backgrounds join in to express their thanks for the year' s bounty and reverently ask for continued[5] blessings.
Things I wish I’d known when I was younger

Most people learn over time, but often learning comes too late to be fully useful. There are certainly many things that I know now that would have been extremely useful to me earlier in my life; things that could have saved me from many of the mistakes and hurts I suffered over the years—and most of those that I inflicted on others too.

I don’t buy the romantic notion that my life has been somehow richer or more interesting because of all the times I screwed up; nor that the mistakes were “put” there to help me learn. I made them myself—through ignorance, fear, and a dumb wish to have everyone like me—and life and work would have been less stressful and more enjoyable (and certainly more successful) without them. So here are some of the things I wish I had learned long ago. I hope they may help a few of you avoid the mistakes that I made back then.
引用

    * Most of it doesn’t matter. So much of what I got excited about, anxious about, or wasted my time and energy on, turned out not to matter. There are only a few things that truly count for a happy life. I wish I had known to concentrate on those and ignore the rest.
    * The greatest source of misery and hatred in this world is clinging to past hurts. Look at all the terrorists and militant groups that hark back to some event long gone, or base their justification for killing on claims of some supposed historical right to a bit of land, or redress for a wrong done hundreds of years ago.
    * Waiting to do something until you can be sure of doing it exactly right means waiting for ever. One of the greatest advantages anyone can have is the willingness to make a fool of themselves publicly and often. There’s no better way to learn and develop. Heck, it’s fun too.
    * Following the latest fashion, in work or in life, is spiritual and intellectual suicide. You can be a cheap imitation of the ideal of the moment; or you can be a unique individual. The choice is yours. Religion isn’t the opiate of the masses, fashion is.
    * If people complain that you’re too fond of going your own way and aren’t fitting in, you must be on the right track. Who wants to live life as a herd animal? The guys in power don’t want you to fit in for your own sake; they want you to stop causing them problems and follow their orders. You can’t have the freedom to be yourself and meekly fit in at the same time.
    * If you make your work your life, you’re making your life into hard work. Like most people, I confused myself by looking at people like artists and musicians whose life’s “work” fills their time. That isn’t work. It’s who they are. Unless you have some overwhelming passion that also happens to allow you to earn a living doing it, always remember that work should be a means to an end: living an enjoyable life. Spend as little time on the means as possible consistent with achieving the end. Only idiots live to work.
    * The quickest and simplest way to wreck any relationship is to listen to gossip. The worst way to spend your time is spreading more. People who spread gossip are the plague-carriers of our day. Cockroaches are clean, kindly creatures in comparison.
    * Trying to please other people is largely a futile activity. Everyone will be mad at you sometime. Most of the people you deal with will dislike, disparage, belittle, or ignore what you say or do most of the time. Besides, you can never really know what others do want, so a good deal of whatever you do in that regard will go to waste. Be comforted. Those who love you will probably love you regardless, and they are the ones whose opinions are worth caring about. The rest aren’t worth five minutes of thought between them.
    * Every winner is destined to be a loser in due course. It’s great to be up on the winner’s podium. Just don’t imagine you can stay there for ever. Worst of all is being determined to do so, by any means available.
    * You can rarely, if ever, please, placate, change, or mollify an asshole. The best thing you can do is stay away from every one you encounter. Being an asshole is a contagious disease. The more time you spend around one, the more likely you are to catch it and become one too.
    * Everything takes twice as long as you plan for and produces results about half as good as you hoped. There’s no reason to be downhearted about this. Just allow for it and move on.
    * People are oddly consistent. Liars usually tell lies. Cheaters cheat whenever it suits them. A person who confides in you has usually confided in several others first—but not got the response they wanted. A loyal friend will stay loyal under enormous amounts of thoughtless abuse.
    * However hard you try, you can’t avoid being yourself. Who else could you be? You can act and pretend, but the person acting and pretending is still you. And if you won’t accept yourself—and do the best you can with what you have—who then has any obligation to accept you?
    * When it comes to blatant lies, there are none more egregious than budget figures. Time spent agonizing over them is time wasted. Even if (miracle of miracles!) yours are honest and accurate, no one else will have been so foolish.
    * The loudest noise in the world is the sound of people whining. Don’t add to it.[翻译见下一页]

       (1)

   Dear sir/madam:

   I‘m delighted you have accepted our invitation to speak at the Conference in [city] on [date].

   As we agreed, you‘ll be speaking on the topic "" from [time] to [time]. There will be an additional minutes for questions.

   Would you please tell me what kind of audio-visual equipment you‘ll need. If you could let me know your specific requirements by [date], I‘ll have plenty of time to make sure that the hotel provides you with what you need.

   Thank you again for agreeing to speak. I look forward to hearing from you.

   Sincerely yours,

   [name]

   [title]

   (2)

   Dear sir/madam:

   Thank you for your letter of [date]. I‘m glad that you are also going to [place] next month. It would be a great pleasure to meet you at the [exhibition/trade fair].

   Our company is having a reception at [hotel] on the evening of [date] and I would be very pleased if you could attend.

   I look forward to hearing from you soon.

   Yours sincerely,

   [name]

   [title]

   (3)

   Dear sir/madam:

   [organization] would very much like to have someone from your company speak at our conference on [topic].

   As you may be aware, the mission of our association is to promote . Many of our members are interested in the achievements your company has made in .

   Enclosed is our preliminary schedule for the conference which will be reviewed in weeks. I‘ll call you [date] to see who from your company would be willing to speak to us. I can assure you that we‘ll make everything convenient to the speaker.

   Sincerely yours,

   [name]

   [title]

   (4)

   Dear sir/madam:

   We would like to invite you to an exclusive presentation of our new [product]. The presentation will take place at [location], at [time] on [date]. There will also be a reception at [time]. We hope you and your colleagues will be able to attend.

   [company] is a leading producer of high-quality . As you well know, recent technological advances have made increasingly affordable to the public. Our new models offer superb quality and sophistication with economy, and their new features give them distinct advantages over similar products from other manufacturers.

   We look forward to seeing you on [date]. Just call our office at [phone number] and we will be glad to secure a place for you.

   Sincerely yours,

   [name]

   [title]

   (5)

   Dear sir/madam:

   On [date], we will host an evening of celebration in honor of the retirement of [name], President of [company]. You are cordially invited to attend the celebration at [hotel], [location], on [date] from to p.m.

   [name] has been the President of [company] since [year]. During this period, [company] expanded its business from to . Now it‘s our opportunity to thank him for his years of exemplary leadership and wish him well for a happy retirement. Please join us to say Good-bye to [name].

   See you on [date].

   Yours sincerely

   [name]

   [title]  
焦点访谈 Topics in Focus

新闻调查 News Probe

新闻30分 News in 30 Minutes

商业电视 Business TV

市场热线 Market Hotline

世界经济报道 World Economic Report

股市分析 Stock Market Analysis

足球之夜 Soccer Night

健康俱乐部 Health Club

春节联欢晚会 Spring Festival Gala Evening

半边天 Half the Sky

综艺大观 Super Variety Show

戏迷园地 Garden for Opera Fans

大风车 Big Pinwheel

七巧板 Tangram

12演播室 Twelve Studio

中华民族 Chinese Ethnic Peoples

科技博览 Science and Technology Review

人与自然 Man and Nature

正大综艺 Zhengda Variety Show

书坛画苑 Gallery of Calligraphy Painting

天涯共此时 Time Together across the Strait

华夏风情 China Kaleidoscope

中国新闻 China News

旅行家 Travelogue

中国各地 Around China

今日中国 China Today

周日话题 Sunday Topics

英语新闻 English News

东方时尚 Oriental Fashion

厨艺 Chinese Cooking

中华医药 Traditional Chinese Medicine
     这篇文章其实在网络上流传甚广,大家一定也会觉得非常的熟悉。许多人都认为这是出自世界首富Bill Gates之口,但微软却加以否认。后来有人查实,此篇其实来自美国作家Charles J.Sykee的《 Dumbing Down Our Kids: Why American Children Feel Good About Themselves But Can’t Read, Write , Or Add》一书。文中阐述了许多学生在教科书上学不到的道理,非常有启发性,发人深思。


These rules are for high school and college graduates about 11 things they did not and will not learn in school.

The 11 things are :

◎Life is not fair, get used to it.

◎The world won’t care about your self-esteem. The world will expect you to accomplish something before you feel good about yourself.

◎You will not make $40,000 a year right out of high school. You won’t be a vice president with a car phone, until you earn both.

◎If you think your teacher is tough, wait till you get a boss. He doesn’t have tenure.

◎Flipping burgers is not beneath your dignity. Your grandparents had a different word for burger flipping; they called it opportunity.

◎If you mess up, it’s not your parents’ fault, so don’t whine about our mistakes, learn from them.

◎Before you were born, your parents weren’t as boring as they are now. They got that way from paying your bills, cleaning your clothes and listening to you talk about how cool you are. So before you save the rain forest from the parasites of your parents’ generation, try delousing the closet in your own room.

◎Your school may have done away with winners and losers, but life has not. In some schools they have abolished failing grades; they’ll give you as many times as you want to get the right answer. This doesn’t bear the slightest resemblance to anything in real life.

◎Life is not divided into semesters. You don’t get summers off and very few employers are interesting in helping you find yourself. Do that on your own time.

◎Television is NOT real life. In real life people actually have to leave the coffee shop and go to jobs.

◎Be nice to nerds. Chances are you’ll end up working for one.

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