Working Christmas Day

[不指定 09/07/30 16:25 | by admin ]
    It was an unusually quiet day in the emergency room on December twenty-fifth. Quiet, that is, except for the nurses who were standing around the nurses' station grumbling about having to work Christmas Day.


I was triage nurse that day and had just been out to the waiting room to clean up. Since there were no patients waiting to be seen at the time, I came back to the nurses' station for a cup of hot cider from the crockpot someone had brought in for Christmas. Just then an admitting clerk came back and told me I had five patients waiting to be evaluated.


I whined, "Five, how did I get five; I was just out there and no one was in the waiting room."


"Well, there are five signed in." So I went straight out and called the first name. Five bodies showed up at my triage desk, a pale petite woman and four small children in somewhat rumpled clothing.


"Are you all sick?" I asked suspiciously.


"Yes," she said weakly, and lowered her head.


"Okay," I replied, unconvinced, "who's first?" One by one they sat down, and I asked the usual preliminary questions. When it came to descriptions of their presenting problems, things got a little vague. Two of the children had headaches, but the headaches weren't accompanied by the normal body language of holding the head or trying to keep it still or squinting or grimacing. Two children had earaches, but only one could tell me which ear was affected. The mother complained of a cough, but seemed to work to produce it.


Something was wrong with the picture. Our hospital policy, however, was not to turn away any patient, so we would see them. When I explained to the mother that it might be a little while before a doctor saw her because, even though the waiting room was empty, ambulances had brought in several, more critical patients, in the back, she responded, "Take your time, it's warm in here." She turned and, with a smile, guided her brood into the waiting room.


On a hunch (call it nursing judgment), I checked the chart after the admitting clerk had finished registering the family. No address - they were homeless. The waiting room was warm.


I looked out at the family huddled by the Christmas tree. The littlest one was pointing at the television and exclaiming something to her mother. The oldest one was looking at her reflection in an ornament on the Christmas tree.


I went back to the nurses station and mentioned we had a homeless family in the waiting room - a mother and four children between four and ten years of age. The nurses, grumbling about working Christmas, turned to compassion for a family just trying to get warm on Christmas. The team went into action, much as we do when there's a medical emergency. But this one was a Christmas emergency.


We were all offered a free meal in the hospital cafeteria on Christmas Day, so we claimed that meal and prepared a banquet for our Christmas guests.


We needed presents. We put together oranges and apples in a basket one of our vendors had brought the department for Christmas. We made little goodie bags of stickers we borrowed from the X-ray department, candy that one of the doctors had brought the nurses, crayons the hospital had from a recent coloring contest, nurse bear buttons the hospital had given the nurses at annual training day and little fuzzy bears that nurses clipped onto their stethoscopes. We also found a mug, a package of powdered cocoa, and a few other odds and ends. We pulled ribbon and wrapping paper and bells off the department's decorations that we had all contributed to. As seriously as we met physical needs of the patients that came to us that day, our team worked to meet the needs, and exceed the expectations, of a family who just wanted to be warm on Christmas Day.


We took turns joining the Christmas party in the waiting room. Each nurse took his or her lunch break with the family, choosing to spend their "off duty" time with these people whose laughter and delightful chatter became quite contagious.


When it was my turn, I sat with them at the little banquet table we had created in the waiting room. We talked for a while about dreams. The four children were telling me about what they would like to be when they grow up. The six-year-old started the conversation. "I want to be a nurse and help people," she declared.


After the four children had shared their dreams, I looked at the Mom. She smiled and said, "I just want my family to be safe, warm and content - just like they are right now."


The "party" lasted most of the shift, before we were able to locate a shelter that would take the family in on Christmas Day. The mother had asked that their charts be pulled, so these patients were not seen that day in the emergency department. But they were treated.


As they walked to the door to leave, the four-year-old came running back, gave me a hug and whispered, "Thanks for being our angels today." As she ran back to join her family, they all waved one more time before the door closed. I turned around slowly to get back to work, a little embarrassed for the tears in my eyes. There stood a group of my coworkers, one with a box of tissues, which she passed around to each nurse who worked a Christmas Day she will never forget.
        对于英语学习者来说,单词记忆一直是最困扰的问题,如何才能快速深刻的记住单词呢?
       背单词的时候不要只见树木不见森林, 比如说, 你知道了词根liter表示文字的意思,literature表示文学著作, literally出来你就不认识了,加油吧, 为了从此不在被英语折磨而拼一把,失败只有一种, 那就是半途而废!

abandon

1.vt放弃, 遗弃 2.vt放任, 狂热

【巧思妙解】a+band+on一个乐队在演出,乐队演出很放纵

abnormal

1.adj反常的, 变态的

【巧思妙解】ab=相反,变坏 normal正常

abrupt

1.adj.突然的, 意想不到的; 2.陡的, 险峻的

【巧思妙解】rupt=break

absence

1.n.缺席 2.n.不注意; 心不在焉

【巧思妙解】sence 存在,相关,ab相反 缺席的

absolute

1.adj.绝对的;完全的; 2.adj 确定的

【巧思妙解】solut 松,解开

absorb

1. vt. 吸收(液体); 2. vt. 支付;负担

【巧思妙解】sorb吸收, absorb吸收掉

abstract

1.n. 摘要, 概要, 抽象

【巧思妙解】abs(离去)+tract(拉)→把大意从文中拉出来→摘要

abundance

1. n. 丰富, 充裕, 丰富充裕

【巧思妙解】abundance=a + bun(小面包)+ dance,形象化记忆,很多的蚂蚁围着一块小面包在跳舞,因为丰收了

accelerate

1. v. 加速

【巧思妙解】ac+celer速度→一再增加速度, decelerate = de(向下)+celer(速度)降速

access

1.n. 通路, 访问, 入门 2. v.存取, 接近

【巧思妙解】ac(to)+ cess(go)通道,入口微软有一个软件叫access, 小型数据库,用于存取和访问大型数据库的通路
  网络: the net / the Internet / the web / the virtual world / the electronic world / the cyber world
  地球: earth / the Planet earth / our Mother Planet / global village
  电脑: the computer / the machine / the device
  校园: the campus / the Ivory Tower / the relatively isolated place
  社会: the society / the real world
  中国: China / the Middle Kingdom / this ancient country
  随着...的发展: As... evolves
  ...变的越来越重要.. is becoming increasingly vital
  ...变的越来越普遍.. is becoming increasingly prevalent
  人们对...越来越重视 People have a qrowing respect forsth.
  人们重视/看中/珍爱某物 place a high value on sth.英语六级篇章词汇理解题应试技巧
  增强竞争力 sharpen one's edge
  英语六级简答题的命题规律和对策
  使某人具有优势力 give sb. the edge
  ...很重要 is vital / crucial / essential
  起...重要作用 play a central role in
  观点类:
  对...有好处 ... pays off / it pays to .. / sth. is beneficial (rewarding)
  对...有坏处... have a negative impact on / do harm (damage) to sth.
  好 top / superior students / favorable impact / positive impression
  坏 poor / inferior quality / faulty goods / negative impression
  促进/提高/增强/改善 give a boost to
    今年综合题目呈现的特点是:"情理之中,意料之外"。综合部分中的分两部分,其中完型填空未出现特别难点,完全在情理之中与意料之中。严格按照课上所讲的答题步骤去做,可以做到一半以上的题目。

   而让大家感到有点意外的是翻译部分。 翻译部分总体难度低于前几次考试,没有考察语法中比较难以掌握的虚拟语气和倒装句型,而是考查大家比较耳熟能详的固定搭配以及从句,说明考试的倾向性已经更加偏重于英语的英语以及融会贯通。现将题目简单评述如下:

82 With the oil price ever rising, she tried to talk _________(说服他不买车) him into not buying a car

   此题考查短语talk sb out of sth 说服某人不要做某事。

   如果不熟悉这个句型,考生可能判断为:talk to persuade sb from doing sth或talk to sb not to do sth等,这与本文原意相比略显牵强。

   参考答案为:him out of buying a car

83 ------(保持幽默感有助于)reduce stress and promote creative thinking in today's competitive society.

   此题考查非谓语动词。

   保持:keep、remain、 stay 、maintain、hold、have等均可

   保持幽默感:Have a good sense of humor、Be humorous、Keep a sense of humor

   有助于:help to do、contribute to或相应的形容词形式

   参考答案为:keeping a sense of humor

84 When confronted with the evidence, _________(他不得不坦白自己的罪行)

   此题考查短语。

   不得不: have to、cannot but、have no choice or option but to、can't avoid等

   坦白:confess 也有同学想到 be honest

   罪行:crime或offense

   参考答案为:he had to confess his crime

85 When people say,"I can feel my ears burning", it means they think__________(一定有人在说他们的坏话)

   此题考查从句结构。

   有:there be

   说坏话:speak ill of sb 甚至有同学可能想到 say bad things about sb或 say a bad word about sb均可

   参考答案:(that)there must be someone speaking ill of them.

86 She has described to go on a diet, but finds ____(很难抵制冰激淋的诱惑)

   此题考查五大句型中的其中之一:主谓宾+宾补的用法。

   Find是谓语动词后接宾语(可以是名词或不定式),再接宾语补足语 "难",通常情况下用it做形式宾语而将真实宾语挡在宾语补足语之后。句型为:find it +adj+ to do sth

   难:difficult或hard或no picnic

   抵制:resist refuse reject

   诱惑:temptation或lure

   冰激凌:ice cream 注意单数可数名词前面不可以加the

   参考答案:it difficult to resist the temptation of the ice cream.
       这次的六级快速阅读难度不大,这是一篇摘自Newsweek08年4月21日的文章。题目看似新颖,但实际话题我们都很熟悉,不过值得注意的一点是该篇文章内部没有小标题,这可能给考生定位造成了不小的麻烦。

  一、老(话)"题"重谈:
  青少年教育问题是我们非常熟悉的话题,这里,不得不再次提到去年12月四级的那篇快速阅读,不仅形式一致,且话题也十分相似。
  (1)教育是近年来常考的阅读话题。这次的六级快速阅读文章是篇典型。根据我们昂立归纳出的教育类阅读套路,发现这篇文章仍是遵循一贯出题思路--重视青少年个人发展;父母对孩子不易过度保护。仍是与传统的教育观点唱唱反调,算是一篇新观点的社刊。
  (2)四六级之间的界限已逐步消失。比如近年四级考试中的快速阅读就已经向着六级化的方向发展--各个方面都有结合;而六级的这篇快速阅读则是四级历年考题的最爱,例如四级近年在07年12月深度阅读和08年12月的快速阅读都考到了青少年教育问题,所以建议考生若是想对文章主旨更好的把握,可以也稍留意一些四级阅读的动态。

  二、一切形式只是纸老虎:
  今年的六级快速阅读与08年12月的四级快速阅读篇幅看起来不相上下,且形式一致--均没有设置小标题。但是比起去年的23段冗长的篇幅,今年的六级快速阅读更像是压缩版的糖衣炮弹--并不可怕。
  (1)文章定位:我们可以发现题目设置的较为清楚,根据题干及文章都很容易定位。前三题就在前三段。而课堂教授技巧中无数次提到的例子不重要,其后的观点更重要,也可以比较容易在第六段找到第四题的答案。接下来基本都是每段出一道题。
  (2)难点点津:可能在第4题部分考生会有些踌躇,答案中promote sensible parenting和share parenting experience可能会成为最后的pk对象,但是根据原文第六段中的...promoting the idea that modern children need some of the same independence that her generation had一句可以感觉到Skenazy宣扬的是一种很新很有争议的教育方式,所以可以由此判断选择promote sensible parenting。
  另外第9题有些考生会遇到点麻烦,根据题干我们定位到原文的第13段,但是题目中的lessen一词可能会导致部分考生误填为control,因为与原文中的loosen较为相似。但是如果了解relieve和lessen的同义替换,相信大家可以很快填出正确答案。

  三、词汇新说:
  文章的标题很有意思,Helicopter Moms vs. Free-range Kids,其中free-range的意思是"自由放养的",而我们更常用它的意思是free-range chicken/eggs,意味散养鸡、草鸡蛋。于是free-range kids会给人一种遍地都是、无人看管的感觉。
  可以说该篇文章中并没有出现较难的词汇,至少没有影响到做题。总的来说,相信各位考生都能在这个部分拿到令自己满意的分数。
  四、考生寄语:
  根据今年6月四六级考试阅读的特点,我们发现现在四六级之间的界限越来越不明显。建议备战09年12月的考生们一定要多读外刊,熟悉外刊社论的论调,另外多多关心一些四级阅读话题的指向性。
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