1. Nowadays advertising fees of new products are (与生产成本不成比例).

  2. The growth of part-time and flexible working patterns, and of training and retraining schemes, (使得更多妇女能够充分利用就业机会)

  3. I (已得出结论)that it would be unwise to accept his proposal.

  4. The sports meet originally due to be held last Friday (最终因天气不好而取消了)

  5. The first two (肯定与被比较的所有人相当的), if any comparison in terms of intelligence is to be made.

【答案】

  72.out of proportion to the cost of production
  【解析】本题考查对短语out of proportion t0的掌握。in proportion t0意为“与…成比例”;0ut of proportion t0意为“与… 不成比例”。“生产成本”用cost of production表示。
  73.enables more women to take full advantage of employment opportunities
  【解析】本题考查对短语enable…to及take advantage of用法的掌握。enable sb.to(do)sth.意为“使某人有权做某事或享用某物”;take full advantage of表示“充分利用”。
  74.have come to the conclusion
  【解析】本题考查对短语come to的掌握。come to sth.意为“达到某种状态(境地)”,“得出结论”即是come to the conclusion。注意题干中是“已”得出结论,所以用现在完成时态,come的过去分词和原形一样。
  75.was finally called off/cancelled because of the bad weather
  【解析】本题考查对call off/cancel用法的掌握。call off意为“取消,撤销(计划的活动)”,cancel意为“取消,撤销”;“天气不好”可用the bad weather来表达,因其是名词短语,所以用because of;因为主语是The sports meet,是“取消”的 受动者,所以时态应用被动语态,“最终”可用finally来表达。
  76.must be equal for all who are being compared
  【解析】本题考查对情态动词和定语从句的掌握。“肯定”用must表示;“与…相当”用be equal for;“与被比较的所有 人”用定语从句;in terms of意为“根据,按照,用…的话,在…方面”。
With its common interest in lawbreaking but its immense range of subject matter and widely varying methods of treatment, the crime novel could make a legitimate claim to be regarded as a separate branch of literature, or, at least, as a distinct, even though a slightly disreputable, shoot of the traditional novel.
The detective story is probably the most respectable (at any rate in the narrow sense of the word) of the crime species. Its creation is often the relaxation of university dons, literary economists, scientists or even poets. Fatalities may occur more frequently and mysteriously than might be expected in polite society, but the world in which they happen, the village, seaside resort, college or studio, is familiar to us, if not from our own experience, at least in the newspaper or the lives of friends. The characters, though normally realized superficially, are as recognizably human and consistent as our less intimate associates. A story set in a more remote environment, African jungle, or Australian bush, ancient China or gaslit London, appeals to our interest in geography or history, and most detective story writers are conscientious in providing a reasonably authentic background. The elaborate, carefully-assembled plot, despised by the modem intellectual critics and creators of significant novels, has found refuge in the murder mystery, with its sprinkling of clues, its spicing with apparent impossibilities, all with appropriate solutions and explanations at the end. With the guilt of escapism from Real Life, nagging gently, we secretly revel in the unmasking of evil by a vaguely super-human sleuth (侦探), who sees through and dispels the cloud of suspicion which has hovered so unjustly over the innocent.
Though its villain also receives his rightful deserts, the thriller presents a less comfortable and credible world. The sequence of fist fights, revolver duels, car crashes and escapes from gas-filled cellars exhausts the reader far more than the hero, who suffers from at least two broken ribs, one black eye, uncountable bruises and a hangover, can still chase and overpower an armed villain With the physique of wrestler. He moves dangerously through a world of ruthless gangs, brutality, a vicious lust for power and money and, in contrast to the detective tale, with a near-omniscient arch-criminal whose defeat seems almost accidental. Perhaps we miss in the thriller the security of being safely led by our calm investigator past a score of red herrings and blind avenues to a final gathering of suspects when an unchallengeable elucidation (解释) of all that has bewildered us is given and justice and goodness prevail. All that we vainly hope for from life is granted vicariously(间接地).
57. The crime novel may be regarded as
[A] not a tree novel at all
[B] an independent development of the novel
[C] related in some ways to the historical novel
[D] a quite respectable form of the conventional novel
58. The passage suggests that intellectuals write detective stories because
[ A] they enjoy writing these stories
[ B ] the stories are often in fact very instructive
[ C ] detective stories are an accepted branch of literature
[ D ] the creation of these stories demands considerable intelligence
59. What feature of the detective story is said to disqualify it from respectful consideration by intellectual critics?
[ A ] The fact that the guilty are always found out and the innocent cleared.
[ B ] The lack of interest in genuine character revelations.
[ C ] The existence of a neat closely-knit story.
[ D ] The many seemingly impossible events.
60. One of the most incredible characteristics of the hero of a thriller is
[A]his exciting life
[B] his amazing toughness
[C] the way he deals with enemies
[D] his ability to escape from dangerous situations
61. In what way are the detective story and the thriller unlike?
[A] In introducing violence.
[B]In providing excitement and suspense.
[C]In ensuring that everything comes right in the end.
[D]In appealing to the intellectual curiosity of the reader

【答案和解析见下页】
2009年12月英语六级写作秘诀之20词

Agreement: 主语和谓语在人称、数上的一致,关系代词与先行词的一致。

Ambiguity: 尽量不去使用可能引起歧义的词语或句子。

Brief: 文章"简为贵",要抓住要点,简明扼要。

Coherence: 文理通顺,前后连贯。

Development: 主题的发挥应当充分、合理、正确。

Division: 词汇、句子、段落要分配使用得当,划分要清楚,避免使用重复字句和种子片段。

Figures: 正确合理使用各类修辞格式。

Inflated diction: 不使用做作的语言。

Key: 用适当的关键词突出主题,每段都应有主题句。

Logical: 内容要符合逻辑。

Message: 信息要新鲜、确实、可信。

Omit: 合理删除多余的不必要部分。

Proposition: 主张、观点、论述要清楚肯切、合情入理。

Punctuation: 正确适时使用标点符号。

Relevant: 文章一定要要题。

Sentence pattern: 句型要尽量多样化。

Strait: 开门见山,直来直去。

Style: 文体恰切,适合内容要求。

Tense: 动词时态要正确、一致、变化合理。

Theme: 选题得当,主题突出。

  2009年12月英语六级写作万能公式

  开头万能公式:

  1. 开头万能公式一:名人名言
  有人问了,“我没有记住名言,怎么办?尤其是英语名言?”,很好办:编!
  原理:我们看到的东西很多都是创造出来的,包括我们欣赏的文章也是8,所以尽管编,但是一定要听起来很有道理呦!而且没准将来我们就是名人呢!对吧?
  经典句型:
  A proberb says, “ You are only young once.” (适用于已记住的名言)
  It goes without saying that we cannot be young forever. (适用于自编名言)
  更多经典句型:
  As everyone knows, No one can deny that…

  2. 开头万能公式二:数字统计
  原理:要想更有说服力,就应该用实际的数字来说明。
  原则上在议论文当中十不应该出现虚假数字的,可是在考试的时候哪管那三七二十一,但编无妨,只要我有东西写就万事大吉了。所以不妨试用下面的句型:
  According to a recent survey, about 78.9% of the college students wanted to further their study after their graduation.
  看起来这个数字文邹邹的,其实都是编造出来的,下面随便几个题目我们都可以这样编造:
  Honesty
  根据最近的一项统计调查显示,大学生向老师请假的理由当中78%都是假的。
  Travel by Bike
  根据最近的一项统计调查显示,85%的人在近距离旅行的时候首选的交通工具是自行车。
  Youth
  根据最近的一项统计调查显示,在某个大学,学生的课余时间的70%都是在休闲娱乐。
  Five-day Work Week Better than Six-day Work?
  根据最近的一项统计调查显示,98%的人同意每周五天工作日。
  更多句型:
  A recent statistics shows that …

  写作绝招

  结尾万能公式:

  1. 结尾万能公式一:如此结论
  说完了,毕竟要归纳一番,相信各位都有这样的经历,领导长篇大论,到最后终于冒出个“总而言之”之类的话,我们马上停止开小差,等待领导说结束语。也就是说,开头很好,也必然要有一个精彩的结尾,让读者眼前一亮,这样,你就可以拿高分了!比如下面的例子:
  Obviously(此为过渡短语), we can draw the conclusion that good manners arise from politeness and respect for others.
  如果读者很难“显而见之”,但说无妨,就当读者的眼光太浅罢了!
  更多过渡短语:
  to sum up, in conclusion, in brief, on account of this, thus
  更多句型:
  Thus, it can be concluded that…, Therefore, we can find that…

  2. 结尾万能公式二:如此建议
  如果说“如此结论”是结尾最没用的废话,那么“如此建议”应该是最有价值的废话了,因为这里虽然也是废话,但是却用了一个很经典的虚拟语气的句型。拽!
  Obviously, it is high time that we took some measures to solve the problem.
  这里的虚拟语气用得很经典,因为考官本来经常考这个句型,而如果我们自己写出来,你说考官会怎么想呢?
  更多句型:
  Accordingly, I recommend that some measures be taken.
  Consequently, to solve the problem, some measures should be taken.

  写作绝招
  写作的“七项基本原则”:

  一、 长 短 句原则
  工作还得一张一驰呢,老让读者读长句,累死人!写一个短小精辟的句子,相反,却可以起到画龙点睛的作用。而且如果我们把短句放在段首或者段末,也可以揭示主题:
  As a creature, I eat; as a man, I read. Although one action is to meet the primary need of my body and the other is to satisfy the intellectual need of mind, they are in a way quite similar.
  如此可见,长短句结合,抑扬顿挫,岂不爽哉?牢记!
  强烈建议:在文章第一段(开头)用一长一短,且先长后短;在文章主体部分,要先用一个短句解释主要意思,然后在阐述几个要点的时候采用先短后长的句群形式,定会让主体部分妙笔生辉!文章结尾一般用一长一短就可以了。

  二、 主 题 句原则
  国有其君,家有其主,文章也要有其主。否则会给人造成“群龙无首”之感!相信各位读过一些破烂文学,故意把主体隐藏在文章之内,结果造成我们稀里糊涂!不知所云!所以奉劝各位一定要写一个主题句,放在文章的开头(保险型)或者结尾,让读者一目了然,必会平安无事!

  特别提示:隐藏主体句可是要冒险的!
  To begin with, you must work hard at your lessons and be fully prepared before the exam(主题句). Without sufficient preparation, you can hardly expect to answer all the questions correctly.
  1. important =crucial (extremely important),significant(amount or effect large enough to be important)
  2.common=universal, ubiquitous(if something is ubiquitous, it seems to be everywhere)
  3.abundant=ample(enough and usually extra), plentiful(enough for people's needs and wants)
  4.stick=adhere, cling(hold on something tightly)
  5.neglect=ignore.(difference: neglect means someone has not paid enough attention to something; ignore means no attention.)
  6.near=adjacent(twothings next to each other), adjoin(the same as adjacent)
  7.pursue=woo(man woos woman, old-fashioned), seek(if you seek sth, you try to obtain it. FORMAL)
  8.accurate=precise(precise is exact and accurate in all details), exact(correct in every detail)
  9.vague=obscure(unknown or known by only a few people)
  10.top=peak, summit
  11.competitor=rival, opponent(especially in sports and politics)
  12.blame=condemn(if you condemn something, you say it is very bad and unacceptable)
  13.opinon=perspective, standpoint(means looking at an event or situation in a particular way)
  14.fame=prestige(describe those who are admired), reputation
  15.build=erect(you can erect something as buildings, FORMAL), establish
  16.insult=humiliate(do something or say something which makes
  people feel ashamed or stupid)
  17.complain=grumble (complain something in a bad-tempered way)
  18.primary=radical (very important and great in degree), fundamental
  19.relieve=alleviate (alleviate means you make pain or sufferings less intense or severe)
  20.force=coerces into(coerce means you make someone do something s/he does not want to),compel
  21.enlarge=magnify(magnify means make something larger than it
  really is)
  22.complex=intricate(if something is intricate, it often has many small parts and details)
  23. Lonely=solitary (if someone is solitary, there is no one near him/her
  24.small=minuscule(very small), minute,
  25.praise=extol(stronger than praise), compliment(polite and political)
  26.hard-working=assiduous(someone who is assiduous works hard or does things very thoroughly
  27.difficult=arduous (if something is arduous, it is difficult and tiring, and involves a lot of efforts)
  28.poor(soil)=barren, infertile(used to describe the soil is so poor that plants cannot be planted on it)
  29.fragile=brittle, vulnerable(someone who is vulnerable is easily hurt emotionally or physically)
  30.show=demonstrate (to demonstrate a fact means tp make it clear to people.)
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